For the model sold in Africa since 2020, which is based on the Suzuki Baleno, see Toyota Starlet ( 2020 ) Motor fomite
The Toyota Starlet ( japanese : トヨタ・スターレット, Toyota Sutāretto ) is a subcompact car manufactured by Toyota from 1973 until 1999, replacing the Publica, but retaining the Publica ‘s “ P ” code and coevals count. The first generation Starlet was sold as the Publica Starlet in some markets. In Japan, it was single to Toyota Corolla Store dealers.

It is the first subcompact car from a japanese car manufacturer to offer a high-performance version. These were available in three generations : the 1986–1989 Turbo S ( EP71 ), the 1990–1995 GT Turbo ( EP82 ), and the 1996–1999 Glanza V ( EP91 ). Another random variable was the Toyota Sera, a mutant compact made in the early 1990s and formally sold lone in Japan ; the Sera had a unique two-door coupe body and butterfly doors but shared the Starlet ‘s chassis and mechanicals. The Starlet was briefly exported to North America from 1981 to 1984. In 1999, the Starlet was replaced by the Vitz —sold as the Echo or Yaris in international markets—and the bb miniskirt MPV, which was by and by sold as the Scion xB in Canada and the United States and as the Daihatsu Materia in Europe. however, Toyota efficaciously vacated the European city car grocery store until the Aygo was launched in 2005. The “ Starlet ” nameplate was revived in 2020 for the rebadged Suzuki Baleno hatchback, sold entirely in some african countries and India ( the latter using the “ Glanza ” list ) .

First generation ( P40/P50 ; 1973 ) [edit ]

Motor fomite
initially launched in April 1973 as the higher-grade and bigger model of Publica P30, [ 1 ] the Starlet was offered with 1,000 and 1,200 milliliter engines. generally the car looked like a sawed-off Corolla. The body style was in the first place only available as two-door coupe. The four-door sedan arrived in October 1973. Grades offered were Standard, Deluxe, Hi-Deluxe, ST, and SR. It was never sold in Europe, despite the popularity in that celibate ( particularly in the United Kingdom ) of the similar-sized Datsun Cherry, produced by Toyota ‘s rival manufacturer Nissan, american samoa well as the success of mod newly superminis like the Fiat 127 and Renault 5 .

Second generation ( P60 ; 1978 ) [edit ]

Motor vehicle
The 60 series, introduced in February 1978, was better known than its predecessor due to being the inaugural Starlet extensively sold outside Japan. It was particularly well received in Europe, including the United Kingdom, at which time superminis were soaring in popularity. It was offered with a 993 ( KP60 2K ), 1,166 ( KP62, 3K ) or 1,290 milliliter ( KP61, 4K ) engine. Three- and five-door hatchbacks were offered in export markets, although a longer five-door beach wagon form ( besides known as the “ Van ” in the japanese market ) was sold in Japan and certain Asian and european markets. The Van arrived in October 1978, [ 6 ] at the same time that the 1.2-litre KP62 became available in most export markets. The KP62 was first gear seen in Sweden in July 1978, where it was equipped with the de-smogged 3K-C locomotive to meet that country ‘s particular emissions requirements. [ 7 ] In Japan, all Starlets except the Van were only available with the larger 1.3 liter engine ; the Van model retained the smaller, 1.2 liter, 3K-HJ type. The 60 series Starlet was the first Toyota passenger car to utilize rack-and-pinion steer. [ 8 ] Suspension on 60 series Starlets is in the form of MacPherson front man struts accompanied by four radio link buttocks pause with coil springs for hatchback models and leaf spring suspension on van models. trim levels were Standard, De Luxe ( besides known as DX in some markets ), GL, XL, S, Si, Sprint, SE and Lisse. Si models have a fuel injected 4K-E engine. Sprint models included the promote Toyota Sports Handling Suspension, a tachometer, five-speed ( K50 ) transmission, 1,290cc ( 4K ) engine and a sportier inner compared to other models. The external trim on Sprint models is besides clipped into put, as opposed to being glued on as in other models. Sprint models include the same debase wheels as featured on early AE86 Corollas ampere well. japanese market models did not by and large have self-retracting rear seatbelts. japanese and New Zealand market models have 203 mm battlefront bracken rotors, as opposed to many other markets receiving Starlets with 228 mm battlefront bracken rotors. Vehicles fitted with a 2K locomotive received a smaller differential ( X code, 5.6 in, 142 millimeter ) than vehicles fitted with a 4K engine ( U code, 6 in, 152 millimeter ). derived function ratios depend on the shave model and commercialize for each car, with 3.909:1 being common for vehicles with a 2K locomotive, 4.3:1 for european vanguard models, 3.727:1 for japanese van models, 3.417:1 for vehicles fitted with an automatic pistol transmission, and 3.583:1 for general applications with a 4K engine. other ratios besides existed for versatile japanese market models. In 1980, the Starlet was facelifted to include squarely headlights. A second face lift followed in 1983 to incorporate a cant nose front man end and a new lower hatch opening. clean 60 series Starlets are becoming more unmanageable to acquire, largely to their historic period and susceptibility to rust. many Starlets have besides been converted into track and rally cars on account of their RWD layout. Their scarcity has led to them becoming a relatively valuable collector ‘s car. The 3-door KP61 was the only Starlet ever sold in the US, where it was available from the 1981 through the 1984 model years. The 1981–1982 models came with standard five-speed manual transmissions and tachometers. It is an equivalent to early markets ‘ S model. The 1983–1984 models featured electronic fuel injection ( EFI ) with the 4K engine, but with a four-speed manual of arms transmission and equipment similar to other markets ‘ XLi model. common corrode locations on a 60 series Starlet are under the rear hatch seal, around the battlefront window wiper climb, behind the front fenders, and the bottom of the doors .

Third generation ( P70 ; 1984 ) [edit ]

Motor fomite
The P70 series of October 1984 saw the Starlet switch to front-wheel drive, which was now the normal format for cars of this size. Three-door and five-door hatchbacks were offered, and a three-door van for commercial manipulation was besides available in many markets. The 12 valve 1E and 2E engines replaced the honest-to-god K-series engines. The extensive japanese telephone line improving consisted of Standard, CD-L, DX, DX-A, Soleil, Soleil-L, XL, XL-Lissé, SE, Si, Si Limited, Ri, Turbo R, and Turbo S, although the one-litre interpretation was available for export lone. [ 10 ] The engine fitted in turbo models was the 2E-TELU, and was installed with Toyota ‘s active suspension engineering called TEMS. The Ri and Turbo R are the idle weight models designed for motorsports. For the export markets the Starlet 70 series were offered as 1.0 Standard, 1.0 DX, 1.0 forty, 1.0 XL Lisse, 1.3 DX, 1.3 forty, 1.3 S, and 1.3 SE. The export version Si Limited was basically an forty or 1.3 S with front and back spoilers, sporty red and black inside, Multi-point fuel injection and special exterior color 2-tone black-silver, or white. The first Starlet assembled outside Japan was the 1985 1.0 forty built in Indonesia. A year belated, the 1.3-litre exemplary joined the output line there. [ 11 ] The Indonesian-built Starlets were only available as 5-door with carburetor, 4-speed manual transmission and offered as XL, SE, Lissé and Si Limited. A minor change for japanese models was given in 1987 with new nose, dock lights, bigger bumpers, and revised inner. Indonesian-built Starlet received this minor changes in 1988, however the European and general market models retains the older appearance .

Fourth generation ( P80 ; 1989 ) [edit ]

Motor vehicle
The Starlet 80 series was introduced to the japanese market in December 1989. It featured a more round body style and department of the interior. japanese models received newfangled twin cam engines : 4E-F, 4E-FE and turbocharged 4E-FTE. Export models retained the 1E and 2E engines, and the particular version 4E-FE ( only for UK and Hong Kong face lift models ). The 1N 1.5-litre diesel locomotive was besides available. The Starlet for Japan and Indonesia have a rear center trim and consequently the license plate is mounted on the bumper. The 80 Series Starlets exported to other destinations have their act plates mounted on the hatch center jury .
Pre-facelift Toyota Starlet Van 1.5D ( NP80 ; Portugal ) In Japan, the 80 Series Starlet was again offered in a wide range of variants : Soleil, the best sell Soleil L, S, X, X Limited, Si, Canvas Top, the sports model Gi and GT Turbo. The sports exemplar have different bumpers, headlights, and tail lights from the regular models. Sports bucket front seats and a rear spoiler are besides criterion on the Gi and GT. The GT has a two-mode ( humble and high ) turbo. The japanese only full-time 4WD models ( EP85 ) were offered in Soleil L, S, and X Limited grades. New Zealand initially received the 3 doorway 1.0 XL, 1.3 forty and 1.3 S with manual transmission. In March 1993, the automatic pistol only 5 door 1.3 forty was added into the credit line up. The 2E-engined versions were carburetted and produce 53 kilowatt ( 72 PS ). [ 12 ] The locally assemble Starlet for Indonesia was offered as 1.0 forty, 1.3 SE and 1.3 SE Limited with only 5-speed manual transmittance. entirely the 1.0 forty was sold in Singapore. All the Starlets officially sold in the Southeast asian countries were the 5-door models.

The Starlet made its european debut at the 1990 Geneva Auto Show. The 1.3 forty-one was the version sold in most european countries. The clean 1.3 Si was offered in Switzerland. It came with standard sports presence seats, three-spoke steer wheel, sunroof, and buttocks plunderer. The UK model was the 1.0 GL, merely offered as a three-door hatchback, replaced by the 1.3 GLi three-door from 1993 onwards. For 1994, the UK models were 1.3 XLi three-door and 1.3 GLi five-door. All GLi models have a sunroof. They were some extra editions of 80-series sold in Europe such as 1.3 Jeans in the UK and Germany, 1.3 dance in Switzerland, and 1.3 Westwood in Belgium, all of these are based on the 1.3 forty-one. There was besides a van model for certain markets where the tax structure suited such a model, without rise seat and much with blanked out windows in the back. While avant-garde versions of earlier Starlets had always been available in Japan, changes in the tax system meant that the fourth genesis Starlet was lone sold as a passenger car in the home market. A child face lift occurred in January 1992, with all japanese models gaining fuel injection and the discontinuance of the X random variable. A new front bumper and revised interior were installed, and the addition of a safety balance beam inside the doors were added for all models. The S, X Limited, Gi, and GT besides gained a newly rear center garnish. In Indonesia the raw SE-G replaced the SE Limited. The SE-G has upmarket inner exchangeable to the japanese X Limited, and shares the redesigned tail lights and proboscis garnish with the Gi and GT. For the Hong Kong market, the japanese model Soleil L 5 door hatchback replaced the old 1.3 forty. The Starlet canvas top Si 1992 with folding canvass roof was offered in Hong Kong and certain european countries. The Starlet EP81 participated in the WRC Acropolis Rally in Greece, and won the A5 class. The Starlet besides competed in the Starlet One Make Race in Japan, the indonesian Touring Car Championship, and rallies in the Caribbean. The second minor update was in May 1994 with modern presence end and tail lights. The full-wide rise garnish was removed. The hatch proboscis now has smooth gore with small garnishes. The Gi and GT featured match round headlights and mesh wicket, besides known as “ quad ” headlights. These minor changes were only extended to Japan, Hong Kong, Indonesia and New Zealand. Hong Kong received japanese market Soleil L. The 1.3 SE and 1.3 SE-G continued in Indonesia, but the 1.0 forty was discontinued. In New Zealand, the sporty 1.3 S was replaced by the fresh 1.3 GS. product in Japan ended in December 1995, but continued in Indonesia until March 1998. [ 13 ] The final 80-series in Indonesia was marketed as the “ fantastic Starlet ” and nicknamed “ turbo look ”, with clean bumpers, grill, and hood from the japanese Gi. At the begin, the Starlet was offered in the mid-level SE and top-of-the telephone line SE-G, but late the cheaper model was discontinued .

GT Turbo [edit ]

The Starlet GT Turbo is a high performance model of the fourth generation Starlet, first gear introduced in 1990 as a successor to the 70 series Starlet 1.3 Turbo R. The EP82 GT turbo was powered by a turbocharged adaptation of a Toyota ‘s E Engine, the 4E-FTE with a CT9 turbocharger. This engine produced 135 PS ( 99 kilowatt ) at 6,400 revolutions per minute. The car weighed in at 890 kilograms ( 1,962 pound ), providing a greater than 100 kilowatt per metric ton power-to-weight ratio. Adding to its handling abilities, Toyota ‘s active suspension technology continued from the previous generation, called TEMS. As with early japanese market Starlets, the GT Turbo received minor changes in January 1992 which included modern bumpers and rear combination lamps. The second base minor change was given in May 1994, this time with four round quadruplet headlights combined with the interlock grille. The tail lights remained the like, but the full length center garnishee was replaced by the modest ones on each side. production of the car ended in December 1995, but the popularity of the cable car is hush maintained by a cult of drivers, chiefly as a use significance. The Starlet GT turbo and the normally aspirate 1.3 Gi were replaced by the Starlet Glanza series, the Glanza V and Glanza S respectively. Two limited version versions of the GT turbo were produced ; the GT Limited and the GT Advance, both featured belittled changes such as different steering wheels and gear sceneshifter knob, a rear strut bar, ABS ( by and by versions only ) and were distinguishable by their two shade paint system. These models besides featured an optional LSD which was available with the C153 transaxle .

Fifth generation ( P90 ; 1996 ) [edit ]

Motor vehicle
1996–1997 Toyota Starlet Style 5-door ( EP91, Australia ) Interior The Starlet 90 series, introduced in 1996, retained the lapp ideas of three- or five-door hatchback. The unique plan is sloped-down knock line on front doors. The japanese versions were divided into three models : Reflet ( normal ), Glanza ( sports ) and Carat ( more deluxe ). The Reflet ( Base, fluorine, and x ), the Carat, and the Glanza S were powered by the 4E-FE engine. The Base exemplar was besides offered with the 1N Diesel locomotive. Based on the five-door Reflet, the Starlet Remix came with rugged SUV expressive style. It has over fenders, soundbox facing, roof railing, and excess tire mounted on the back. The 90-series Starlet shared its platform with the Paseo including suspension, engine and many other components. The RHD Starlet has its own dashboard design with slightly higher center AC outlets, while the LHD shares the splashboard with Tercel and Paseo. The Starlet EP91 came to Europe in the second quarter of 1996. Although basically all european models were 1.3 forty-one with a 75 PS ( 55 kilowatt ) interpretation of the 4E-FE engine, they were marketed in different identify across Europe. initially the UK models were the floor 1.3 Sportif and the upmarket 1.3 certificate of deposit ( with standard CD Player and Sunroof ). In 1998, the UK pipeline up was revised with base 1.3 S, sporty 1.3 SR ( with lowered suspension, spoiler, and sport run down ), and loaded 1.3 GLS. The french models were Base, GL, and GLS. In Switzerland, the upgrade model similar to GLS is called 1.3 Crystal, while in Norway is called SLi. All of high grade models have driver ‘s side SRS Airbag, tachometer, front power windows, raise headrests, and coloured bumpers. ABS and Sunroof are options. The alone generation sold new in Australia, the EP91 Starlet was available from March 1996 to December 1999, primitively under three trim levels, the base three-door Life, flashy three-door Group X and luxury five-door Style. In 1997, a five-door version of the Life was introduced. During 1998, the Group X and Style models were dropped, and the Life gained a driver ‘s airbag as standard equipment. When beginning sold in Australia, the Starlet suffered from higher price in its category, but sell well later on after Toyota entered a small-car price cut war, competing against the Hyundai Excel and Ford Festiva. [ 15 ] [ 16 ] minor changes with newfangled front bumpers, grille, tail lights and revised inside fabric were fresh for 1998 japanese grocery store models. product of the Starlet ended in July 1999, just after the launch of the Yaris. This model was not offered for the indonesian market ; the former EP81 Starlet was alternatively succeeded by the Soluna sedan in 2000. At the time, Toyota ‘s hatchback segment in Indonesia went into foramen until 2006, when the moment generation Yaris was introduced and marketed as a spiritual successor of the Starlet. [ citation needed ]

Glanza [edit ]

The Starlet Glanza is the sports adaptation of the P90 generation Starlet, and is the successor to the 80 serial naturally aspirated Starlet 1.3 Gi and Starlet GT Turbo. The Glanza S was powered by the naturally aspirate 1331 two hundred 4E-FE and the Glanza V was powered by the turbocharged 1331 milliliter 4E-FTE. The 4E-FE used in the Glanza S generated 85 PS ( 63 kilowatt ; 84 horsepower ) which, for the highly light Starlet, was adequate to propel the cable car from 0–100 km/h in 11.9 seconds. The turbo 4E-FTE used in the Glanza V generated 140 PS ( 103 kilowatt ; 138 horsepower ) at 6400 revolutions per minute with a 0–100 kilometers per hour time of 8.2 seconds ( factory booklet stats ). In December 1996, the Glanza S Limited was released. It has standard consistency kits same as Glanza V Turbo except the scooped-hood and the engine did not have a Turbo. A lightweight version of the Glanza V was besides available without air conditioner and electric windows to keep the car american samoa sparkle as possible, being intended for competitive use. The Glanza S and Glanza V were only officially available on the japanese marketplace, although some use private imports made their way to the UK, New Zealand, and many early right-hand drive markets .

The “ Glanza ” nameplate was revived in June 2019 for the rebadged indian market Suzuki Baleno hatchback. [ 17 ] The vehicle was released through a partnership with indian automobile manufacturer Maruti Suzuki. The Glanza is besides sold in Africa since September 2020 under the revived Starlet nameplate. [ 18 ]

References [edit ]

  • Toyota Starlet EP82/EP85/NP80 Japanese Brochures December 1989, January 1992, and May 1994.
  • Toyota Starlet EP81 Indonesian Brochures 1994 and 1997.
  • Toyota Starlet EP91 European Brochures 1997 from France, Switzerland, UK, and Belgium.
Preceded byPublica Toyota Starlet
Succeeded byVitz