City in Chūbu, Japan
Matsudai, Matsunoyama, Nakasato) yellow : 5 Areas in Tokamachi City ( Tokamachi, Kawanishi Koshirakura, Tōkamachi in winter Tōkamachi ( 十日町市, Tōkamachi-shi ) is a city located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 28,728 in 19,823 households, [ 2 ] and a population density of 86.3 persons per km². The sum sphere of the city was 590.39 square kilometres ( 227.95 sq myocardial infarction ), although some borders of the city are not well defined. Tōkamachi derives its name from the fact that a commercialize was held every tenth day of the calendar month. similarly, the nearby former town of Muikamachi had its own local market held on days ending in six each calendar month. [ 3 ]

geography [edit ]

Tōkamachi is located in an inland region of southwest Niigata Prefecture. Parts of the city are within the borders of the Jōshin’etsu-kōgen National Park .

Surrounding municipalities [edit ]

climate [edit ]

Tōkamachi has a Humid continental climate ( Köppen Dfa ) characterized by quick, wet summers and cold winters with heavy snow. The average annual temperature in Tōkamachi is 11.8 °C ( 53.2 °F ). The average annual rain is 2,537.0 millimeter ( 99.88 in ) with September as the wettest calendar month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.9 °C ( 76.8 °F ), and lowest in January, at around −0.1 °C ( 31.8 °F ). [ 4 ] Because Tōkamachi lies in a valley, wind patterns bring in obscure from both the Sea of Japan deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as the Pacific Ocean. The mountains surrounding the city ( though not terribly high in elevation ) act as any other mountains that affect rain and snow patterns providing a barrier for swarm patterns. This causes a great deal of the built up precipitation to drop on the city. The Tōkamachi area receives the most snow of any area on the main island of Honshu. [ citation needed ]

Climate data for Tōkamachi (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1978−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.1
(57.4)
16.8
(62.2)
22.6
(72.7)
30.4
(86.7)
32.2
(90.0)
34.3
(93.7)
36.1
(97.0)
37.0
(98.6)
35.3
(95.5)
32.4
(90.3)
24.6
(76.3)
20.5
(68.9)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
3.9
(39.0)
7.7
(45.9)
15.3
(59.5)
22.1
(71.8)
25.3
(77.5)
28.6
(83.5)
30.2
(86.4)
25.8
(78.4)
19.7
(67.5)
13.1
(55.6)
6.2
(43.2)
16.7
(62.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.1
(31.8)
0.1
(32.2)
2.8
(37.0)
8.9
(48.0)
15.9
(60.6)
20.1
(68.2)
23.8
(74.8)
24.9
(76.8)
20.7
(69.3)
14.4
(57.9)
8.1
(46.6)
2.5
(36.5)
11.8
(53.3)
Average low °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
−3.3
(26.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.5
(38.3)
10.3
(50.5)
15.8
(60.4)
20.1
(68.2)
20.9
(69.6)
16.7
(62.1)
10.3
(50.5)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
7.8
(46.1)
Record low °C (°F) −12.1
(10.2)
−12.8
(9.0)
−9.2
(15.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
1.3
(34.3)
6.3
(43.3)
13.0
(55.4)
12.6
(54.7)
6.2
(43.2)
0.4
(32.7)
−4.7
(23.5)
−10.6
(12.9)
−12.8
(9.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 392.4
(15.45)
262.2
(10.32)
177.7
(7.00)
111.2
(4.38)
100.5
(3.96)
135.6
(5.34)
220.9
(8.70)
183.3
(7.22)
168.7
(6.64)
167.4
(6.59)
233.7
(9.20)
397.8
(15.66)
2,537
(99.88)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 354
(139)
263
(104)
139
(55)
25
(9.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
7
(2.8)
193
(76)
967
(381)
Average precipitation days ( ≥ 1.0 millimeter ) 25.0 21.1 19.6 13.8 11.6 12.4 15.1 12.3 13.7 14.9 18.3 22.9 200.7
Average snowy days ( ≥ 3 centimeter ) 21.7 17.8 14.1 3.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.0 12.2 70.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 45.7 66.6 109.9 169.1 205.8 158.1 148.6 191.9 137.8 130.1 100.9 62.9 1,527.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[5][4]

Demographics [edit ]

Per japanese census data, [ 6 ] the population of Tōkamachi has declined steadily over the by 40 years .

Census Year Population
1970 85,365
1980 78,791
1990 70,938
2000 65,033
2010 58,911

history [edit ]

The area of contemporary Tōkamachi was contribution of ancient Echigo Province, and was part of the tenryō territories held directly by then Tokugawa dictatorship. Following the Meiji restoration, was the capital of the newly-formed Nakauonuma District of Niigata Prefecture, and was proclaimed a village on April 1, 1889 with the universe of the advanced municipalities system. It was raised to town status on September 24, 1897. Tōkamachi gained city status on March 31, 1954, by merging with the neighbor villages of Nakajō, Kawaji and Rokka. The village of Yoshida ( from Nakauonuma District ) was annexed on December 1, 1954 followed by the village of Shimojō ( from Nakauonuma District ) on February 1, 1955. On April 1, 1962 – Tōkamachi absorbed the village of Mizusawa ( from Nakauonuma District ). The Chūetsu earthquake of October 23, 2004 caused only child damage to the city. On April 1, 2005 Tōkamachi absorbed the towns of Matsudai and Matsunoyama ( both from Higashikubiki District ) ; the town of Kawanishi, and the village of Nakasato ( both from Nakauonuma District ) to create the new and expanded city of Tōkamachi .

government [edit ]

Tokamachi City Hall Tōkamachi has a mayor-council form of politics with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 24 members. [ 7 ] The city contributes two members to the Niigata Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is separate of Niigata District No.6 of the lower house of the National Diet of Japan .

economy [edit ]

sericulture and the production of silk is a traditional pillar of the local economy. Agriculture, notably the output of Koshihikari rice is besides very crucial .

department of education [edit ]

Tōkamachi has 18 public elementary schools and nine public middle schools operated by the city government and one private elementary and one private center school. There are four public gamey schools operated by the Niigata Prefectural Board of Education. The prefectural besides operates three special education schools.

exile [edit ]

railway [edit ]

JR logo (east).svg JR East – – Iiyama Line
Hokuhoku-Line Logo.png Hokuetsu Express Hokuhoku Line

highway [edit ]

baby cities [edit ]

International [edit ]

  • ItalyComo, Italy, signed in 1975

Inside Japan [edit ]

noteworthy people from Tōkamachi [edit ]

local attractions [edit ]

References [edit ]

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