The Royal Thai Army or RTA ( Thai : กองทัพบกไทย ; RTGS : kong thap bok thai ) is the united states army of Thailand and the oldest and largest branch of the Royal Thai Armed Forces .
history [edit ]
lineage [edit ]
The Royal Thai Army is responsible for protecting the kingdom ‘s sovereignty. The army was formed in 1874, partially as a response to new security threats following the 1855 Bowring Treaty with Britain, which opened the area for international barter. [ 2 ]
Reading: Royal Thai Army – Wikipedia
current [edit ]
In modern era, the army has a long history of coups d’état and coup d’etat attempts. Its leadership continues to see coup-making as one function of the united states army. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] On 22 May 2014 the united states army deposed the government, appointed military officers to the national assembly, and on 21 August 2014 they elected the united states army ‘s Commander in Chief, General Prayut Chan-o-cha, as prime minister. The general retired October 2014 [ 6 ] to concentrate on political reform which he said would take at least a year, following which he promised national elections would be held. [ 7 ] The being of an information war unit participating in a cyber crusade against government critics was leaked to the public in late February 2020. [ 8 ] In 2020 Twitter shut down a network of accounts which were engaged in information war. According to Twitter “ Our probe uncovered a network of accounts partaking in data operations that we can faithfully link to the Royal Thai Army ( RTA ). ” [ 9 ] The operation had targeted the political opposition within Thailand. The Thai Army denied that they had been involved in the disinformation operation. [ 10 ]
Army components and operate [edit ]
The Ministry of Defence, Bangkok The number of united states army generals is ill-defined. One item of comparison : as of 1 November 2019, the US Army had 322 general officers [ 11 ] : 2 for a force of 471,990 troops. [ 12 ] Saiyud Kerdphol is Thailand ‘s oldest general, a seasoned of World War II and Korea who retired in 1983 as supreme air force officer. During his tenure, general officer numbers were based on the count of troops under their control. As of 2019, lone 150–200 four-star generals concern control positions. Speaking on the topic of united states army work force, Saiyud declared that, “ Everybody being a cosmopolitan is incredible. Full generals do n’t have a seat to sit in or a job to do. ” [ 13 ]
Command and control [edit ]
The commanders-in-chief of the Royal Thai Army ( ผู้บัญชาการทหารบกไทย ) is considered the most mighty placement in the Royal Thai Armed Forces. [ 14 ] As of 1 October 2020, the air force officer is General Narongpan Jitkaewthae .
- Commander-in-Chief: General Narongpan Jitkaewthae from 1 October 2020
- Deputy Commander-in-Chief: General Apinan Khampeo from 1 October 2021
- Chairman of the Royal Thai Army Advisory Board: General Siripot Rumpaikul from 1 October 2021
- Assistant Commander-in-Chief: General Phumipat Chansawang from 1 October 2021
- Assistant Commander-in-Chief: General Jaroenchai Hintao from 1 October 2021
- Chief of Staff of the Army: General Santipong Thampiya from 1 October 2021
- Commander of the 1st Army Area: Lieutenant General Suksuwan Nongbualang from 1 October 2021
- Commander of the 2nd Army Area: Lieutenant General Sawarat Saengpol from 1 October 2021
- Commander of the 3rd Army Area: Lieutenant General Apichet Suthana from 1 October 2020
- Commander of the 4th Army Area: Lieutenant General Kriangkrai Srirak from 1 October 2020
- Commander of the Royal Thai Army Special Warfare Command: Lieutenant General Nattawut Nakanakorn from 1 October 2021
structure [edit ]
The army is organized nationally into four army areas :
1st Army Area 1st Division, King’s Guard 2nd Cavalry Divisionclass=notpageimage| Locations of the united states army ‘s major units in Bangkok 11th Infantry Regiment, King ‘s Guard Royal Thai Army welcome members of Cobra Gold 2016
The creation of the 15th Infantry Division was announced in January 2005. [ 19 ] Defence Minister, General Samphan Boonyanan, was quoted as saying that the new unit, dubbed the “ Development Division ”, would not be a combat whole for fighting Islamic militants, but preferably its main mission would be to assist local citizens and develop the region. The military will not ignore its general function of providing condom for the citizens of the region, he added. He said that troops for the new division would undergo training to give them a good understanding of local residents, the huge majority of whom are ethnic Malay Muslims. The part is in fact a transformation of the Pranburi -based 16th Infantry Division. It will now be headquartered at Fort Ingkhayutthaborihan in Pattani, arrant with its battalions and companies of military police and communications and aviation personnel, he said. It will besides have three separate infantry battalions, one each in Pattani, Yala, and Narathiwat. Each battalion will include three companies of checkup, engineering, and psychological war personnel, he said. The government will allocate a budget of more than 18 billion baht for the division over the following four years. [ 20 ] The 15th Infantry Division is being established as a permanent wave wedge to handle security problems in the Deep South. The division is based in Pattani and is expected to have a combined wedge of around 10,000. The establishment of this new division, approved by the politics in 2005, has yet to be completed. As of this write, some 7,000 troops deployed in the Deep South are affiliated to this division. ” [ 21 ] In 2012, two new combat formations had been approved by the thai politics. The new 7th Infantry Division is based at Mae Rim, near Chiang Mai, and the new 3rd Cavalry Division is based at Khon Kaen. [ 22 ]
tactical units [edit ]
The united states army is organised into the pursuit formations :
- Nine infantry divisions (including 16 tank battalions)
- One armoured division
- Three cavalry divisions (light armoured divisions)
- One Special Warfare Command trained and equipped for small unit Special forces and airborne operations
The Army Tactical Level Advanced Simulation ( ATLAS ) is an interactional, distributed, constructive simulation used to conduct military Command Post Exercises ( CPX ). ATLAS displays a continuous terrain model, incorporates HLA 1516, and displays 1:250,000 and 1:50,000 maps and satellite imagination. ATLAS was developed between 2002 and 2005 through co-operation with the Army Command and General Staff College ( CGSC ) .
Army Medical Department [edit ]
Army Medical Department ( AMED ) ( กรมแพทย์ทหารบก ) belongs to the service segment of the Royal Thai Army. It is in cathexis of checkup affairs, and providing medical care, both in the discipline and on base, training personnel in inquiry and agribusiness and supervising the other checkup divisions within the Royal Thai Army. AMED observed 111 years of military service in January 2011, [ 23 ] with 110 years of serve having been honoured by issue of a series of commemorative stamps. [ 24 ] AMED operates Phramongkutklao Hospital in Bangkok and Ananda Mahidol Hospital in Lopburi, along with smaller hospitals at each fort, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as Phramongkutklao College of Medicine ( PCM ) .
Air Division [edit ]
Thai united states army infantrymen circuit board a RTA UH-1 Iroquois helicopter, 1992 Royal Thai Army Aviation Center ( กองบินทหารบกไทย ) belongs to the service segment of the Royal Thai Army Areas :
- Don Mueang International Airport (VTBD)
- Units include the VIP squadron, flying two Embraer ERJ-135LRs (serial number 1084/HS-AMP and serial number 1124), two Jetstream 41s (serial numbers 41060 and 41094), two Casa 212–300s (serial numbers 446 and 447), and two Beech 1900C-1s (serial numbers 0169 and 0170) and the 1st Infantry Battalion operating two Bell 206Bs (serial numbers 4422 and 4448), three Schweizer S-300Cs (serial numbers 1340, 1366 and 1367), and two Cessna U-17B FAC aircraft (serial numbers 1616 and 1617).
- Bang Khen (3 km south of Don Mueang)
- The Royal Squadron flies three Bell 212s and two Bell 412s (serial numbers 36332 and 36333). There is also a special transport unit flying around 10–12 Bell 212s and one or two Bell 206s.
UH-60L Black Hawk during air show at Don Mueang Air Force Base
- Fort Surasi (Kanchanaburi)
- The 9th Infantry Division operates two Bell 206Bs (the serial number of one is 4424), and two or three Schweizer S-300Cs. There is also a detachment of UH-1Hs from an Air Mobility Company based here.
- Fort Chakraphong (Prachinburi)
- The “2nd Infantry Division, Queen Sirikit’s Guard”, was operating two Bell 206Bs (serial numbers 4446 and 4361), three Schweizer S-300Cs (serial numbers 1343, 1344, and 1345), and two Maule MX-7s (one serial number known is 099) in 2004, however it is likely the Maule MX-7s may now not be operated by this unit now. A detachment of this unit (with, in 1998, one Bell 206 and one Maule MX-7) was operating from Watthana Nakhon (VTBW) near the Cambodian border.
AH-1F Cobra attack helicopter during publicize display at Don Mueang Air Force Base
- Phitsanulok Airport (VTPP)
- Loc 16 degrees 46’58.58N,100 degrees 16’44.84E elevation 154 feet/47 metres.
- Runway 14/32 length 9,843 x 148 feet (3,000 x 45 metres)
- Operating from here is the 4th Infantry Battalion with Bell 206Bs, Schweizer S-300Cs, Cessna U-17Bs, and Maule MX-7s.
- Fort Suranari (Khorat)
- The main flying unit here is the 3rd Infantry Battalion flying two Bell 206Bs (serial numbers 4396 and 4447), two Schweizer S-300Cs (serial numbers 1337 and 1339), and two Cessna U-17Bs (serial numbers 1454 and 1618).
- This field also hosts a detachment of up to three Bell 212 helicopters from one of the Air Mobility Companies.
- Fort Princess Srinagarindra (Lopburi), the main base complex of Royal Thai Army Aviation, including training, technical school, aircraft maintenance, and aircraft storage. The main airfield here is called Sa Pran Nak (VTBH).
- Loc 14 degrees 56’58.02N, 100 degrees 38’34.88E elevation 95 feet (29 metres).
- Runways 01/19 3,300 x 98 feet (1,006 x 30 metres) and 06/24 3,890 x 98 feet (1,186 x 30 metres)
- Operating units here include:
- Gong Bin Bau ( Light Aviation Company ) – operating Cessna U-17Bs, Cessna T-41s, and Searcher MKIIs
- Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Nung ( 1st Air Mobility Company ) – operating Bell UH-1Hs and Bell 212s
- Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Song ( 2nd Air Mobility Company ) – operating Bell UH-1Hs (US Excess Defense Articles Program) and Bell 212s
- Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Sam ( 3rd Air mobility Company ) – operating Bell UH-1Hs, Bell 206Bs, Bell AH-1F Huey Cobras (eight) and Bell 212s
- Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Gou (pasom) ( 9th Air Mobility Company ) [Mixed]) – operating Bell UH-1Hs (US Excess Defense Articles Program) and Sikorsky S-70-43 Black Hawks (six) with six more on order.
- Gong Bin Sanub-sanoon Tua Pai (General Support Aviation Battalion) – operating Boeing CH-47D Chinooks, Bell UH-1Hs, and Mil Mi-17V5s
- The army aviation centre is based here, which conducts conversion training for the army. Types operated are Cessna T-41Bs (ex-US army surplus), Maule MX-7s, and Schweizer S-300C piston trainer helicopters.
- The two former VIP Beechcraft 200 King Air aeroplanes (serial numbers 0342 and 1165), are also based here. Their present role is unknown. These aeroplanes were modified in the US in the late 1990s.
- A separate airfield within the Lopburi complex (around 3 km south of Sa Pran Nak) houses the 5th Aircraft Maintenance Company. This unit is responsible for maintenance and storage of army aircraft and helicopters.
- The 5th Infantry Division operates the following aviation assets from a small airfield within the army reserve at Nakhon Si Thammarat (not at the airport): two Bell 206B-3s (serial numbers 4382 and 4427), three Schweizer TH-300Cs (serial numbers 1371, 1372, and 1373) and two Maule MX-7s (serial numbers 114 and 115). A detachment of helicopters can be found here from the Air Mobility Companies based at Lopburi.
military districts [edit ]
The army is divided into districts, whereby the beginning digit of the zone indicates the army ( beginning, second, third or fourth ) responsible for its supervision. The names of forts are from locations or influential figures in Thailand ‘s history. These are as follows :
Budget [edit ]
The RTA budget for FY 2021 is 107,662 million baht, down from 112,815M baht in FY2020. [ 25 ]
Battle [edit ]
Army of Thailand in Haw wars ( 1875 ) The siamese cat Expeditionary Force in Paris, 1919 Thailand soldiers arriving at Busan Five statues honour the army, navy, publicize force, patrol, and populace at Victory Monument . Thai soldiers wash in a small pool during a better in operations, Nhon Trac, 19 October 1967 2
-ton trucks carrying members of the Black Panther Division to leave Newport Docks, en route to Bearcat, 22 July 1968 military Police stop traffic to allow the-ton trucks carrying members of the Black Panther Division to leave Newport Docks, en path to Bearcat, 22 July 1968
equipment [edit ]
rank and file social organization [edit ]
|Rank group||Senior NCOs||Junior NCOs||Enlisted|
|Royal Thai Army||No insignia|
Cha sip ek
Cha sip tho
Cha sip tri
Businesses and infrastructure [edit ]
The army owns more than 30 golf courses countrywide. The army besides owns boxing stadium, 100 gasoline stations, racecourses, hotels, retail and coffee shops, and radio and television receiver airwaves ( by one count, the armed forces have possession in 537 radio and television stations ). [ 27 ] In early 2020, the army entered an agreement with the Finance Ministry to turn over to the ministry the management of businesses unrelated to the army ‘s mission. [ 28 ] [ 29 ] [ 30 ] In a relate move, army commanding officer General Apirat Kongsompong decreed that retire generals must move out of army-owned housing to barren space for serving officers. As of 2020, about 100 adjourn generals and colonels inhabit army accommodations. [ 31 ] Some ex-generals, like PM Prayut Chan-o-cha and deputy PM Prawit Wongsuwan were exempted immediately from eviction because of their “ contribution to society ”. [ 32 ] The Thai Defence Ministry position is that there is no law prohibiting retire officers from occupying military caparison. [ 33 ] In January 2021, the RTA signed a memo of understanding with the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand ( EGAT ) to study the feasibility of constructing solar farms on 4.5 million rai of army land to generate 30,000 megawatts of electricity. Following up, on 22 February 2021 a meeting was called by the President of Royal Thai Army Radio and Television Channel 5 with energy firms concern in winning a piece of what is projected to be a 600 billion baht undertaking. The Energy Ministry was not represented at the confluence. Critics have questioned why the united states army is involved in department of energy procurement, in dispute of existing regulations, and why Thailand needs more electricity when it already has 59 % allow capacity and more capacity under construction. [ 34 ]
Broadcasting [edit ]
radio and television receiver channel list [edit ]
Free-to-air television receiver [edit ]
- TV5 HD1
- Channel 7 operated by Bangkok Broadcasting & Television Company Limited (BBTV)
Satellite television receiver [edit ]
radio receiver [edit ]
- Royal Thai Army Radio Network, all 126 stations