This article is about the city in Japan. For the prefecture with the same name where this city is located, see Okayama Prefecture. For other uses, see Okayama ( disambiguation ) Designated city in Chūgoku, Japan
Okayama ( 岡山市, Okayama-shi, japanese : [ okaꜜjama ] ) is the capital city of Okayama Prefecture in the Chūgoku region of Japan. The city was founded on June 1, 1889. [ 1 ] As of February 2017, the city has an estimated population of 720,841 and a population density of 910 persons per km2. [ 2 ] The sum area is 789.88 square kilometres ( 304.97 feather miles ). The city is the site of Kōraku-en, known as one of the top three traditional gardens in Japan, and Okayama Castle, which is ranked among the best 100 japanese castles. [ 3 ] The city is celebrated as the adjust of the Japanese fabrication “ Momotarō “. [ 4 ]

history [edit ]

Sengoku period to Tensho era [edit ]

Before the Muromachi period, Okayama was one corner of a farm region and included a small castle built by the Kanemitsu. In the Sengoku period, Ukita Naoie attacked Okayama and attacked the castle for the fare resources and extensive cultivated land in the region. Naoie remodeled the palace, built the erstwhile Sanyo road to the central part of the castle township, and called in craftsmen both from inside and outside of Bizen Province. Okayama became the political and economic capital of Bizen Province .

Edo time period [edit ]

In 1600, Ukita Hideie, who was the son of Naoie and the overlord of Okayama, lost at the Battle of Sekigahara. The adjacent year, Kobayakawa Hideaki came to Okayama and became the feudal godhead of Okayama Domain. Hideaki died in 1602, however, ending the Kobayakawa line. Ikeda Tadatugu, who was the feudal lord of Himeji Domain, became the following godhead of Okayama. After this time, Okayama was ruled by the Ikedas until the latter part of the nineteenth hundred. Continuing its economic development, Okayama became one of the ten-spot best large castle towns in Japan in the eighteenth hundred. The Korakuen Garden was developed by the fourth feudal godhead, Ikeda Tsunamasa .

Meiji Restoration to World War II [edit ]

Okayama after World War II On August 29, 1871, the new Meiji politics of the Empire of Japan replaced the traditional feudal domain system with centralize government authority ( Prefectures of Japan ). Okayama became the capital of Okayama Prefecture. In 1889, Okayama City was founded. In the Meiji period, a dragoon was built in Okayama city that greatly enhanced the development of the city. For example, the Sixth Higher Middle School ( 第六高等学校, Dairoku Kōtōgakkō ) and Okayama Medical College ( 岡山医科大学, Okayama Ika-daigaku ) were established in Okayama City. Okayama became one of the most significant places in western Japan for transportation and education. When World War II began, Okayama city had a japanese Army base camp. On June 29, 1945, the city was attacked by the US Army Air Forces with incendiary bombs. Almost all the city was burned, and more than 1700 people were killed. Okayama suffered severe damage in the war, losing more than 12,000 households .

Since World War II [edit ]

During Japan ‘s economic boom of the 1960s, Okayama developed quickly as one of the most significant cities in the Chūgoku and Shikoku regions. In 1972, the San’yō Shinkansen began service between Shin-Ōsaka and Okayama stations. Two years later, Shinkansen servicing was extended to Hakata. In 1988, the Seto-Ōhashi Bridge was opened, and connected Okayama with Shikoku directly by rail and road. The city became a kernel city in 1996 and a designate city on April 1, 2009. [ 5 ]

geography [edit ]

Okayama City Hall position near Okayama Station The city of Okayama is located in the southern function of Okayama Prefecture, which in turn is located in western separate of the island of Honshū. The city is bounded on the south by the Inland Sea. Asahi River crosses Okayama. Since Okayama became a indicate city in 2009, the city has been divided into four wards ( ku ) .

Ward Population Area (km2) Density
(per km2)
Map
Kita-ku
(administrative center)
302,685 451.03 671 Okayama wards.png
Naka-ku
( cardinal ward )
142,237 51.24 2,776
Higashi-ku
( easterly ward )
96,948 160.28 605
Minami-ku
( southerly ward )
167,714 127.36 1,317
population as of October 1, 2010

Mergers [edit ]

  • On March 22, 2005 – the town of Mitsu (from Mitsu District), and the town of Nadasaki (from Kojima District) were merged into Okayama.
  • On January 22, 2007 – the town of Takebe (from Mitsu District), and the town of Seto (from Akaiwa District) were merged into Okayama.

Kojima, Mitsu, and Akaiwa Districts have all since been dissolved as a result of these mergers .

climate [edit ]

Okayama has a mild climate in comparison to most of Japan. It has the most rain-free days ( less than 1mm of haste ) of any city in Japan. It is ranked as the second base dry and the fourth sunniest city in the Chūgoku region. [ 6 ] The climate is classified under the Köppen climate classification as humid subtropical ( Cfa ). [ 7 ] The local climate is warm enough throughout the year to support olive trees. Okayama is much called “ Land of Sunshine ” because of its low number of showery days per year. [ 8 ]

Climate data for Okayama (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1891−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
22.3
(72.1)
24.8
(76.6)
29.6
(85.3)
33.6
(92.5)
37.0
(98.6)
38.1
(100.6)
39.3
(102.7)
37.1
(98.8)
33.4
(92.1)
26.9
(80.4)
21.5
(70.7)
39.3
(102.7)
Average high °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
10.5
(50.9)
14.6
(58.3)
19.8
(67.6)
24.8
(76.6)
27.6
(81.7)
31.8
(89.2)
33.3
(91.9)
29.1
(84.4)
23.4
(74.1)
17.1
(62.8)
11.7
(53.1)
21.1
(70.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
5.2
(41.4)
8.7
(47.7)
14.1
(57.4)
19.1
(66.4)
22.7
(72.9)
27.0
(80.6)
28.1
(82.6)
23.9
(75.0)
18.0
(64.4)
11.6
(52.9)
6.6
(43.9)
15.8
(60.4)
Average low °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
0.5
(32.9)
3.5
(38.3)
8.5
(47.3)
14.8
(58.6)
18.7
(65.7)
23.4
(74.1)
24.6
(76.3)
20.0
(68.0)
13.4
(56.1)
6.8
(44.2)
2.1
(35.8)
11.4
(52.5)
Record low °C (°F) −8.9
(16.0)
−9.1
(15.6)
−7.0
(19.4)
−3.6
(25.5)
1.0
(33.8)
7.4
(45.3)
12.6
(54.7)
14.8
(58.6)
7.2
(45.0)
1.7
(35.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
−6.5
(20.3)
−9.1
(15.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36.2
(1.43)
45.4
(1.79)
82.5
(3.25)
90.0
(3.54)
112.6
(4.43)
169.3
(6.67)
177.4
(6.98)
97.2
(3.83)
142.2
(5.60)
95.4
(3.76)
53.3
(2.10)
41.5
(1.63)
1,143.1
(45.00)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 0
(0)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
Average precipitation days ( ≥ 0.5 millimeter ) 5.4 6.9 9.2 9.6 9.4 11.6 10.9 7.7 9.7 7.7 6.4 6.3 100.8
Average relative humidity (%) 69 66 65 60 64 71 74 69 71 71 72 71 69
Mean monthly sunshine hours 149.0 145.4 177.8 192.6 205.9 153.5 169.8 203.2 157.5 171.5 153.7 153.8 2,033.7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[9]

economy [edit ]

Omotechō Shopping Street

department of agriculture [edit ]

The city is located in the Okayama Plain, where rice, eggplant, and flannel taiwanese chives are celebrated products. [ 10 ] White peaches and grapes are cultivated in the mountainous, northern separate of the city .

industry [edit ]

In 2005, the city ‘s gross domestic intersection was 800 billion yen, [ 11 ] closely 10 % of the GDP of Okayama Prefecture. Greater Okayama, Okayama Metropolitan Employment Area, has a GDP of US $ 63.1 billion as of 2010. [ 12 ] [ 13 ] The main industries are machine tools, chemicals, foodstuffs and impression. Kōnan, a district in the southern separate of the city, is the most develop industrial zone .

Commerce [edit ]

Okayama is the core of the Okayama metropolitan sphere, which includes the cities of Kurashiki and Sōja. The main commercial zone is Omotechō, near Okayama Castle and Kōraku-en, and the area surrounding Okayama Station. Omotechō has many covered shopping arcades. The headquarters of Aeon Corporation, a private english language school with more than 3,000 employees, is located in Okayama. [ 14 ]

culture [edit ]

Okayama Castle and Kōraku-en are Okayama ‘s most celebrated attractions. Okayama Castle ( nicknamed Ujō ( 烏城 ‘crow palace ‘ ) was constructed in 1597 by Ukita Naoie, a japanese feudal lord. It was destroyed by bombing in 1945 during World War II but reconstructed in 1966. Kōraku-en, known as one of the three best traditional gardens in Japan, lies south of the castle grounds. Kōrakuen was constructed by Ikeda Tsunamasa over 14 years, and completed in 1700.

Sōgen-ji, a large Buddhist monastery belong to the Rinzai sect, is located near the center field of the city. several of the abbots of major monasteries in Kyoto are from Sōgen-ji. [ citation needed ]

Festivals [edit ]

Every August since 1994 Okayama has seen the Momotarō Matsuri ( Festival ), which is an amalgam of three different festivals, including the Uraja ‘ogre ‘ festival, which is a kind of Yosakoi dance .

Music and the arts [edit ]

Okayama has a professional symphony orchestra orchestra, the Okayama Symphony Orchestra, which performs at the Okayama Symphony Hall. There are many museums in the city, including the Okayama Prefectural Museum, the Okayama Prefectural Museum of Art, the Hayashibara Museum of Art, the Okayama Orient Museum, the Yumeji Art Museum, and the Okayama Digital Museum .

cuisine [edit ]

Okayama has several traditional dishes. Barazushi, a cup of tea made with sushi rice, contains clean fish from the Seto Inland Sea. Kibi dango ( Okayama ) ( 吉備団子 ) gel-like balls made from a gunpowder of millet and rice, are well known sweets from the area .

Media [edit ]

Sanyo Shimbun and TV Setouchi Headquarters of theand television receiver Setouchi The Sanyo Shimbun is the local anesthetic newspaper serving the greater Okayama area. There are six television stations serving the Okayama area and separate of Kagawa Prefecture. Three FM and three AM radio receiver stations besides serve the region .

TV Stations
Radio Stations

Sports [edit ]

Okayama has many sports teams. In recent years, volleyball team Okayama Seagulls and football club Fagiano Okayama have been established. In 2009, Fagiano Okayama FC gained forwarding to the J. League, the highest football league in Japan .
Okayama was the birthplace of the 31st Yokozuna, Tsunenohana Kan’ichi, in 1896. He won 10 championships, 8 during his time as a Yokozuna .

education [edit ]

Okayama University, founded as a medical school in 1870 and established in 1949 as a national university, is in the city. today, Okayama University is one of Okayama ‘s largest universities, with 11 faculties and six calibrate schools. There are seven individual universities, three junior colleges, 24 high schools ( 16 public, eight private ), seven combined junior high/high schools ( two populace, five private ), 37 junior eminent schools ( 36 municipal, one national ) and 93 elementary schools ( 91 municipal, two private ) in the city. [ citation needed ]

Universities [edit ]

eminent schools [edit ]

  • Okayama Joto Senior High School
  • Okayama Ichinomiya Senior High School
  • Okayama Asahi Senior High School
  • Okayama Sozan Senior High School
  • Okayama Hosen Senior High School
  • Okayama Gakugeikan High School

department of transportation [edit ]

Intercity rail [edit ]

JR West ‘s Okayama Station is a major exchange, with trains from Shikoku, Sanin and Sanyo connecting to the Sanyo Shinkansen. Local rail lines serving Okayama Station include : Sanyo Main Line, Hakubi Line, Akō Line, Uno Line, Seto-Ōhashi Line, Tsuyama Line, and Kibi Line .

tramway [edit ]

Okayama has kept an operational streetcar arrangement since the Meiji period. It is managed by Okayama Electric Tramway and offers two lines : the Higashiyama Main Line and the Seikibashi Line .

bus [edit ]

Seven bus companies provide military service within the city limits : Bihoku Bus ( 備北バス ), Chūtetsu Bus ( 中鉄バス ), Okaden Bus ( 岡電バス ), Ryōbi Bus ( 両備バス ), Shimoden Bus ( 下電バス ), Tōbi Bus ( 東備バス ), and Uno Bus ( 宇野バス ) .

Air [edit ]

Okayama Airport, located in the northern separate of the city, provides domestic service to Tokyo-Haneda, Sapporo-Chitose, Okinawa-Naha, and Kagoshima. International air serve is provided to Seoul-Incheon, Guam, Beijing, Hong Kong, Shanghai-Pudong, and Dalian. Kōnan Airport, located to the south, has been a general aviation airport since the opening of Okayama Airport in 1988 .

noteworthy people [edit ]

Before the fall of Edo [edit ]

Arts [edit ]

Politics [edit ]

literature [edit ]

entertainment [edit ]

Sports [edit ]

Inventions [edit ]

Twin towns – sister cities [edit ]

Okayama is twinned with : [ 15 ]

Friendships [edit ]

Points of interest [edit ]

References [edit ]

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