This article is about the town Lamphun, Thailand. For other uses, see Lamphun ( disambiguation ) Town in Thailand Lamphun ( Thai : ลำพูน, pronounced [ lām.pʰūːn ] ) is a town ( thesaban mueang ) in northern Thailand, capital of Lamphun Province. It covers the hale tambon Nai Mueang of Mueang Lamphun district. As of 2006 it has a population of 14,030. Lamphun lies 665 kilometer ( 413 nautical mile ) north of Bangkok and 19 kilometer ( 12 mile ) south of Chiang Mai .

history [edit ]

Lamphun was founded by Queen Chama Thevi as the capital of the Haripunchai Kingdom, the last and most north Mon kingdom in the area which nowadays forms Thailand. [ 1 ] : 77 Around 25 kilometer ( 16 security service ) confederacy of Chiang Mai, it was constructed in the human body of a conch shell, following the Khuang River on its east side and divided by moats at the remaining points of the compass.

queen Chama Thevi is remembered in the wat of her name, which is said to be the resting seat of her ashes. Near the township ‘s main morning commercialize in the southwest of the city is a statue of the queen at which offerings are distillery made today by citizens. While still living in the north King Mangrai was visited by some merchants from the Mon Kingdom, and earshot of the wealth of Lamphun he determined to conquer it, even against the advice of his councillors. As it was deemed impossible to take the city by force, he sent a nice merchant called Ai Fa to gain the confidence of the King Yi Ba, and in time he became the headman minister and managed to undermine the king ‘s authority.

In 1281, with the people in a express of discontented, Mangrai defeated the Mon Kingdom, and added the city and its wealth to his kingdom, while Yi Ba, the last king of Hariphunchai, was forced to flee south to Lampang. Lamphun was then incorporated into the new Lanna Kingdom. Ai Fa was subsequently appointed baron, and King Mangrai began building the fortress Wiang Kum Kam as his new capital. Lamphun is host to one of northern Thailand ‘s most crucial temples, Wat Phra That Hariphunchai, featured on the reversion of the one-satang mint. The phra that in the title indicates the presence of a Buddha keepsake, in this case one of his hair’s-breadth, which was interred in the chedi in 897, which is probably the founding date of the wat. The town is surrounded by lavish countryside punctuated by rice fields and orchards of the democratic fruit, longan, which is celebrated in a festival every August.

geography [edit ]

The township is in the Ping River valley, between the Thanon Thong Chai Range on the west and the Khun Tan Range in the east .

climate [edit ]

Climate data for Lamphun (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.7
(96.3)
38.5
(101.3)
41.7
(107.1)
43.6
(110.5)
44.0
(111.2)
40.8
(105.4)
40.2
(104.4)
37.8
(100.0)
35.5
(95.9)
35.8
(96.4)
35.5
(95.9)
34.7
(94.5)
44.0
(111.2)
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
33.8
(92.8)
36.7
(98.1)
37.9
(100.2)
35.0
(95.0)
33.3
(91.9)
32.8
(91.0)
32.4
(90.3)
32.1
(89.8)
31.5
(88.7)
30.4
(86.7)
29.2
(84.6)
33.0
(91.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.7
(71.1)
24.3
(75.7)
27.7
(81.9)
30.1
(86.2)
28.7
(83.7)
28.2
(82.8)
27.8
(82.0)
27.3
(81.1)
26.9
(80.4)
26.1
(79.0)
23.9
(75.0)
21.3
(70.3)
26.2
(79.2)
Average low °C (°F) 14.3
(57.7)
15.7
(60.3)
19.4
(66.9)
23.2
(73.8)
24.0
(75.2)
24.3
(75.7)
24.0
(75.2)
23.8
(74.8)
23.4
(74.1)
22.3
(72.1)
19.0
(66.2)
15.1
(59.2)
20.7
(69.3)
Record low °C (°F) 7.8
(46.0)
9.2
(48.6)
12.5
(54.5)
17.0
(62.6)
18.2
(64.8)
21.1
(70.0)
21.0
(69.8)
20.8
(69.4)
19.1
(66.4)
13.8
(56.8)
9.3
(48.7)
3.5
(38.3)
3.5
(38.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 2.8
(0.11)
4.9
(0.19)
13.1
(0.52)
44.5
(1.75)
154.8
(6.09)
124.2
(4.89)
117.0
(4.61)
172.7
(6.80)
208.2
(8.20)
110.1
(4.33)
44.1
(1.74)
7.4
(0.29)
1,003.8
(39.52)
Average rainy days 0.7 1.0 2.0 5.9 14.5 15.3 16.2 17.8 17.8 11.7 4.6 1.2 108.7
Average relative humidity (%) 70 59 54 57 72 76 77 80 83 83 80 75 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 272.8 274.0 294.5 279.0 198.4 117.0 120.9 117.8 144.0 182.9 216.0 254.2 2,471.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.8 9.7 9.5 9.3 6.4 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.8 5.9 7.2 8.2 6.8
Source 1: Thai Meteorological Department[2]
Source 2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[3]

References [edit ]

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