What causes infectious mononucleosis?
infectious infectious mononucleosis is either caused by the Epstein-Barr virus ( EBV ) or the cytomegalovirus, both of which are members of the herpes simplex virus kin. Consider the follow statistics :
- Most adults in the US have been exposed to the Epstein-Barr virus, which is a very common virus. When children are infected with the virus, they usually do not experience any noticeable symptoms. However, uninfected adolescents and young adults who come in contact with the virus may develop infectious mononucleosis in nearly 50 percent of exposures.
- The cytomegalovirus is actually a group of viruses in the herpes simplex virus family that often cause cells to enlarge. Most healthy persons who become infected with the CMV virus after birth have few, if any, symptoms and have no long-term effects on their health.
- The Epstein-Barr virus ( EBV ) may cause infectious infectious mononucleosis in adolescents and young adults. however, even after the symptoms of infectious infectious mononucleosis have disappeared, the EBV will remain dormant in the throat and blood cells during that person ‘s life. The virus can reactivate sporadically, however, normally without symptoms .
What are the symptoms of infectious mononucleosis?
Mononucleosis normally lasts for one to two months. The following are the most common symptoms of infectious mononucleosis. however, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include :
- swollen lymph glands in the neck, armpits, and groin
- constant fatigue
- sore throat due to tonsillitis, which often makes swallowing difficult
- enlarged spleen
- liver involvement, such as mild liver damage that can cause temporary jaundice, a yellow discoloration of the skin and eye whites due to abnormally high levels of bilirubin (bile pigmentation) in the bloodstream
once a person has had infectious mononucleosis, the virus remains dormant in the throat and blood cells for the lie of that person ‘s life. once a person has been exposed to the Epstein-Barr virus, a person is normally not at risk for developing infectious mononucleosis again.
The symptoms of infectious mononucleosis may resemble other aesculapian conditions. Always consult your child ‘s doctor for a diagnosis
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How is infectious mononucleosis diagnosed?
In addition to a arrant medical history and physical interrogation of your child, a diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis is normally based on reported symptoms. however, diagnosis can be confirmed with specific blood tests and early lab tests, including :
- white blood cell count
- heterophile antibody test or monospot test, which, if positive, indicates infectious mononucleosis
How is infectious mononucleosis spread?
infectious mononucleosis is frequently outspread through reach with infect saliva from the mouth. Symptoms can take between four to six weeks to appear and normally do not final beyond four months, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ). transmission is impossible to prevent, according to the CDC, because even symptom-free people can carry the virus in their saliva .
Treatment for infectious mononucleosis:
treatment for infectious mononucleosis may include :
- rest for about one month (to give the body’s immune system time to destroy the virus)
- corticosteroids (to reduce swelling of the throat and tonsils)