Low-Purine Diet: Recommendations And Tips For Gout Sufferers | Dennispoint Campground MD

If too much uric acid builds up in your blood over a long period of time, you can develop gout, a condition that can cause swollen joints with severe pain. Patients often hear that they should avoid foods high in purines.

What is a low purine diet?

Purines are natural components of cells, found in high concentrations in foods of animal origin in particular. The entrails and skin in particular are rich in purines: If you eat crusty fried chicken, for example, you absorb a relatively large amount of purines, which the body breaks down into uric acid and excretes through the kidneys. This is not a problem for healthy people. However, if the metabolism is disturbed, the excess uric acid is deposited in the form of crystals in the joints, among other things: gout occurs. A healthy diet and a balanced lifestyle can have a positive effect on the disease. Avoiding obesity, getting enough exercise, and drinking little alcohol also prevents metabolic syndrome, which is a risk factor for gout. The following applies to food: Vegetarian recipes make sense, because plant-based foods are, with few exceptions, low in purines, but you don’t have to follow a completely meat-free diet.

How strict should a low-purine diet be?

In general, doctors no longer recommend that gout patients follow a strict low-purine diet. A balanced diet in general is usually enough to control high uric acid levels and reduce the risk of an acute attack of gout. Foods and drinks that are high in purines can also be on the menu, but in moderation and only occasionally. If the diet -as recommended for alkaline recipes- consists of 80% alkaline foods, all is well. The situation is similar with a low-purine diet. If you make exceptions from time to time, you’re generally on the right track and don’t have to worry about permanently high uric acid.

What foods are low in purines?

In addition to fruits and vegetables, recommended foods for gout include milk, dairy products, nuts, bread, eggs, potatoes, vegetable oils, lean meat, and skinless fish. Also drink plenty of water (mineral water also provides important minerals) and tea. Coffee, like alcohol, is allowed in moderation, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Since some types of vegetables contain more purines than others, you should never eat some types. Spinach and asparagus, for example, are higher in purines, as are legumes. Among fish, herring, tuna, and sardines have higher purine levels than other species. If you want or need to strictly follow a low-purine diet, you should obtain a chart of the purine content of foods and keep a food diary.

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