Carbohydrates are the body’s most readily available source of energy. If they are reduced to a minimum, the body changes its metabolism and draws its energy from fatty acids. Here you can learn about the consequences of a diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates.
Starvation Metabolism on the Ketogenic Diet
Low carb diets are all the rage. The idea of the low-carb diet: Whoever consumes little of the energy providers that the body can easily use, simply draws the body’s fat reserves and loses weight. There are many forms of the ketogenic diet, ranging from eating fewer carbs to eating almost no carbs. This last way hides behind the ketogenic diet. The proportion of carbohydrates in food is only four percent, but it can be up to 90 percent fat. Protein provides the remaining six percent. Since it is deprived of the quick source of energy, after a few days the body goes into a starvation metabolism, called ketosis. The liver breaks down fatty acids into ketone bodies, which then provide the body with energy.
These foods come on the table of the ketogenic diet
The ketogenic diet is used therapeutically for certain illnesses, but athletes and overweight people have also discovered it for themselves. A well-known concept here is the Atkins diet, which is carried out in several phases. At first, only low-carb foods are allowed, including lettuce and greens. Most of the diet consists of foods rich in protein and fat, such as meat, fish, soybeans, eggs, cheese, and other dairy products. Bread, pasta, sugar, rice, potatoes and fruit, on the other hand, have been eliminated from the plan. According to Atkins, the amount of carbohydrates increases slightly from week to week until it finally reaches a maximum of 20% in the diet, and that for life. When it comes to fat intake, MCT fats are considered higher quality because they form more ketone bodies. They are found naturally in coconut and palm kernel oil, as well as in milk fat.
This is what the ketogenic diet does
In fact, a low-carb, high-fat diet can lead to weight loss, but it also has its drawbacks. During the change in metabolism, by-products such as acetone are formed, which the body evaporates. Therefore, bad breath and body odor are a common side effect of a ketogenic diet. Ketosis can also cause fatigue and constipation. The latter results from the low proportion of dietary fiber, which is mainly found in carbohydrate-containing foods. Nutrition experts criticize the ketogenic diet because the kidneys are under great stress and animal fats can raise cholesterol levels. The consumer advice center also notes that the diet is difficult to maintain in long-term practice. This also applies to other starvation diets that are based on severe calorie reduction, such as the Hollywood diet.