province of Thailand
state in Thailand
Phetchaburi ( Thai : เพชรบุรี, pronounced [ pʰét.t͡ɕʰā.bū.rīː ] ) or Phet Buri ( pronounced [ pʰét bū.rīː ] ) is one of the westerly or central provinces ( changwat ) of Thailand. [ 4 ] Neighboring provinces are ( from north clockwise ) Ratchaburi, Samut Songkhram, and Prachuap Khiri Khan. In the west it borders the Tanintharyi Division of Myanmar. Phetchaburi is home to Kaeng Krachan National Park. [ 5 ]

geography [edit ]

Phetchaburi is at the north end of the Malay Peninsula, with the Gulf of Thailand to the east and the Tanaosi mountain roll forming the boundary to Myanmar. Except for these bound mountains most of the province is a flat knit. With an area of about 3,000 km2 Kaeng Krachan National Park is Thailand ‘s largest national park, covering closely half of the province. [ 5 ] It protects by and large rain forests in the mountains along the boundary to Myanmar, but besides the Kaeng Krachan Reservoir is part of the park. The total forest area is 3,562 km2 ( 1,375 sq nautical mile ) or 57.7 percentage of peasant sphere. [ 6 ] The only significant river of the province is the Phetchaburi River.

history [edit ]

Khao Wang in the first place, Phetchaburi was known as “Pipeli” ( พลิพลี ), or “Pribpri” ( พริบพรี ) as it used to be one of the southerly kingdoms in Thai history alike to Tambralinga. Its name was recorded in De la Louère ‘s memo during the predominate of King Narai in the center of the Ayutthaya period. [ 7 ] In 1860 King Rama IV built a palace near the city of Phetchaburi, normally known as Khao Wang, but its official name is Phra Nakhon Khiri. Next to the palace the king built a column for his astronomic observations. On the touch hill is the royal synagogue Wat Phra Kaeo. [ 8 ]

Symbols [edit ]

The provincial cachet shows the Khao Wang palace in the background. In front are rice fields bordered by two coconut palm trees, symbolizing the major crops in the province. [ 9 ] The provincial tree is Eugenia cumini. [ 10 ] Thai mahseer ( Tor tambroides ) is a provincial fish that is delightful and used to be found in the Phetchaburi River. [ 11 ]

environment [edit ]

Phetchaburi ‘s shoreline on the Inner Gulf of Thailand in the area of Pak Thale consists of salt pans, mudflats, mangroves, and sandpaper spits. It has been termed, “ … the premier dame watching site for shorebirds in Thailand, … ” The 123-acre site provides support for both passage and wintering species, a well as residents. The area hosts more than 7,000 waterbirds during the northern hemisphere winter. Economic development of the tidal flats, compounded by the impacts of climate change, threaten this ecosystem ‘s future. several even visitors are under threat, including the critically endangered Spoon-billed sandpiper and Great knot, Nordmann ‘s greenshank, and Far Eastern curlew. [ 12 ] [ 13 ]

administrative divisions [edit ]

Map of eight districts

provincial government [edit ]

The province is divided into eight districts ( amphoe ), which are further divided into 93 subdistricts ( tambons ) and 681 villages ( mubans ) .

local government [edit ]

As of 26 November 2019 there are : [ 14 ] one Phetchaburi Provincial Administration Organisation ( ongkan borihan suan changwat ) and 15 municipal ( thesaban ) areas in the state. Phetchaburi and Cha-am have town ( thesaban mueang ) status. far 13 subdistrict municipalities ( thesaban tambon ). The non-municipal areas are administered by 69 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations – SAO ( ongkan borihan suan tambon ). [ 2 ]

economy [edit ]

Phetchaburi state is an significant salt producer. In 2011, 9,880 rai worked by 137 families were devoted to salt product in Phetchaburi. [ 15 ] The province is known for its palm carbohydrate ( Thai : น้ำตาลปึก ; RTGS : nam tan puek ). It has more carbohydrate decoration trees than any other state. Producing boodle is a peculiarity of Ban Lat District in especial. [ 16 ] It is a full of life component for the production of many Thai desserts such as Khanom moment kaeng etc. And that gave Phetchaburi the dub “ city of desserts ”. [ 17 ] Tourism plays a significant character in the economy of Phetchaburi province. The province, however, has dropped from the fourthly to the one-sixth most popular destination in Thailand ascribable to coastal erosion, much of it in Cha-am District, caused by rising sea levels leading to “ deteriorating scenery ”. [ 18 ]

Human accomplishment index 2017 [edit ]

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
30 16 37 22
Housing Family Transport Participation
586-house-with-garden.svg Parents, enfants, famille.png Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolítica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
59 62 37 31
Province Phetchaburi, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5984 is “somewhat high”, occupies place 28 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme ( UNDP ) in Thailand has tracked progress on human exploitation at sub-national level using the Human accomplishment index ( HAI ), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board ( NESDB ) has taken over this task since 2017. [ 3 ]

Rank Classification
  1 – 15 “high”
16 – 30 “somewhat high”
31 – 45 “average”
45 – 60 “somewhat low”
61 – 77 “low”
Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings
HAI 2017 rankings.png

exile [edit ]

Phetchaburi ‘s independent station is Phetchaburi Railway Station, 150.49 kilometer ( 93.5 security service ) south of Hua Lamphong Railway Station. An excursion aim Bangkok-Suan Son Pradiphat military service only on Saturdays, Sundays and populace holidays, diaphragm at this station including Cha-am Railway Station .

Health [edit ]

Phetchaburi ‘s main hospital is Phrachomklao Hospital, operated by the Ministry of Public Health.

Arts and Crafts [edit ]

With a long history causing Phetchaburi to have their own expressive style of arts and crafts. Until now, it is known as “ Phet School ”. Examples of handicrafts here include banana stalk carve, Phetchaburi is well known for its banana chaff carving craft. traditionally, they were used to decorate crematoriums during funerals, and Thai lacquer works etc. [ 19 ]

tourism [edit ]

Hat Cha-am (หาดชะอำ) Appearing to have been frozen in clock warp, midway between remaining a Thai-style haunt, and modernising to meet international tastes and requirements, this extensive pine-fringed beach is considered to be one of the most democratic beaches of Thailand. [ 20 ] Maruekhathaiyawan Palace (พระราชนิเวศน์มฤคทายวัน) This beachside wooden palace was once used as a imperial summer residence by King Rama VI during the 1920s. Facing the open ocean, the palace is referred to as the palace of love and hope. [ 21 ] Phra Nakhon Khiri Historical Park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์พระนครคีรี) This covers a cragged area with an honest-to-god palace and historical temples in the vicinity of the town. It consists of royal halls, temples and groups of buildings, constructed largely in harmonious Thai, Western neoclassic and chinese architectural styles. [ 22 ] Wat Kamphaeng Laeng (วัดกำแพงแลง) This temple was in the first place a Khmer position of worship. It was late turned into a Buddhist temple and a shrine hall was constructed. however, the expectation of the place has not much changed due to the being of sandstone walls and four Khmer style pagoda. [ 23 ] Hat Chao Samran (หาดเจ้าสำราญ) Legend says that King Naresuan the Great and King Eka Thotsarot made several royal visits hera and highly appreciated its smasher. The villagers therefore rendered it a name “ Hat Chao Samran ”, which means “ beach of royal leisure ”. [ 24 ] Hat Chomphon (หาดจอมพล) Another beach that is quiet therefore is specially desirable for those who like peace, located next to the southern depart of Hat Chao Samran. It has a restaurant and a hotel. This beach is under the maintain of the Royal Thai Army ( RTA ), like to Hat Suan Son Pradiphat of neighboring state Prachuap Khiri Khan. Its diagnose meaning “ field marshal ‘s beach ”. [ 25 ] Chang Hua Man Royal Project (โครงการชั่งหัวมัน ตามพระราชดำริ) Royal agricultural undertaking of the late King Rama IX, offering organic grow tour & a restaurant. Initiated in 2009 on 250 rai ( 99 acres ) of down, the Chang Hua Man Royal Project is an experimental farm where a range of experimental crops are being tested, not lone to help the local people of the Phetchaburi area, but farmers throughout the country. Located in the area of Ban Nong Kho Kai, Khao Puk Sub-district, Tha Yang District. [ 26 ] Laem Phak Bia and Pak Thale (แหลมผักเบี้ยและปากทะเล) Large sphere of salt pans, mudflats, mangrove remnants and sand saliva in Phetchaburi. This is without doubt the premier birdwatching locate for shorebirds in Thailand, with large numbers of birds and many rare species appearing annually. [ 27 ] Whale Watching (ดูวาฬ) Duration from October to February coincides with the period of water compression ( according to common, “ water compaction ” will take place during the time that tide in the Gulf of Thailand will spin out of Samut Songkhram and Phetchaburi provinces. Animals that are feed for whales would come out along ). With any luck, it is possible to watch Bryde ‘s whales come out to find feed on the coast of the Gulf of Thailand. Going on a cruise for watching these whales with mouths fully open above the water surface to stalk prey ( anchovies and krill ) is an impressive know. There are cruise service both at Hat Chao Samran and Laem Phak Bia piers. [ 28 ] [ 29 ] Kaeng Krachan National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติแก่งกระจาน) The largest national park in Thailand overlapping with Prachuap Khiri Khan province, was established in 1981. Just like other national parks, this place is full of wildlife. Kaeng Krachan National Park considered to be the place where wild elephants can be seen and most easily in the country. [ 30 ]

food [edit ]

Phetchaburi has many eminent dishes such as

  • Khanom mo kaeng: a Thai coconut and egg custard. It is considered the most prominent and renowned souvenir in the province.[31][17]
  • Khao chae: traditional Thai food that is hard to find in modern times, but easily found in Phetchaburi. It is a food that is influenced by Mon cuisine. Its name literally meaning “soaked rice”.[32][17]
  • Kaeng lok: authentic curry of Phetchaburi province. It is a rare food that many people do not know, and even in the province itself, today there are only a few restaurants that are still cooked and sold. Its name can be translated directly as “false curry”, since it is cooked using curry paste that does not use chili like other curries.[33]
  • Kuay teaw nam daeng: braised pork noodles in a special broth that is sweet and has a red color.[34]

gallery [edit ]

References [edit ]

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