not to be confused with James Thompson ( graphic designer )
James Harrison Wilson Thompson ( March 21, 1906 – March 26, 1967 disappeared ) was an american english businessman who helped revitalise the Thai silk diligence in the 1950s and 1960s. At the meter of his disappearance he was one of the most celebrated Americans living in Asia. Time magazine claimed he “ about singlehanded ( ly ) saved Thailand ‘s vital silk industry from extinction ”. [ 1 ]
Reading: Jim Thompson (designer) – Wikipedia
early life [edit ]
Jim Thompson was born in Greenville, Delaware in 1906. [ 2 ] He was the youngest of five children of Henry and Mary Wilson Thompson. His father was a affluent fabric manufacturer ; his mother was the daughter of James Harrison Wilson ( 1837–1925 ), a noted Union cosmopolitan during the American Civil War. [ 3 ] Thompson spent his early years of education at St. Paul ‘s School in Concord, New Hampshire. He graduated from Princeton University in 1928, [ 4 ] and represented the United States in the 6-Metre Sailing event at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. [ 5 ] Post-graduate studies followed at the University of Pennsylvania ‘s School of Architecture, but he did not complete his degree at this institution due to his helplessness in calculus. [ 4 ] [ 6 ] From 1931 to 1940, he practised in New York City with Holden, McLaughlin & Associates, [ 7 ] designing homes for the East Coast rich. During this menstruation, he led an active social life and sat on the board of the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo. [ 3 ] [ 8 ] In 1941, he quit his job and enlisted with the Delaware National Guard. [ 4 ] Before the outbreak of the Second World War, he was transferred to a military outpost in Fort Monroe, Virginia. [ 9 ] While he was here, he got to know Second Lieutenant Edwin Fahey Black, a fresh calibrate from the US Military Academy, West Point. [ 9 ] It was Black who encouraged him to join the Office of Strategic Services ( OSS ), the antecedent of the Central Intelligence Agency. [ 10 ]
World War II activities [edit ]
At the stature of the Second World War, Thompson was recruited by major cosmopolitan William Joseph Donovan ( 1883–1959 ) to serve as an surgical in the OSS. His first gear assignment was with the french Resistance in North Africa. He was then sent to Europe. After victory in Europe Day ( May 7–8, 1945 ), he was transferred to Ceylon ( immediately Sri Lanka ) to work with the pro-Allied Seri Thai ( Free Thai Movement ). Their mission was to help liberate Thailand from the occupying japanese Army. The group had the hold of Pridi Panomyong, the regent to King Ananda Mahidol of Thailand, and Seni Pramoj, the Thai ambassador to the United States. In August 1945, Thompson was about to be sent into Thailand, when the Surrender of Japan officially ended World War II. He arrived in Thailand concisely after Victory over Japan Day and organised the Bangkok OSS agency. It was here he got to know Constance ( Connie ) Mangskau, an Allied Services interpreter, who late became one of his closest friends. [ 8 ] In the give of 1946, Thompson went to work as military attaché at the United States legation for his former Princeton schoolmate Charles Woodruff Yost, the US Minister to Thailand. It was the start of Thompson ‘s football team year affair with Yost ‘s wife, Irena. In 1950, she had a child, but neither Thompson nor Yost could establish authorship prior to DNA examination. Thompson used his contacts with the Free Thai and Free Lao groups to gather information and defuse conflicts on Thailand ‘s borders. Working with him in the Legation was Kenneth Landon, an american missionary [ 11 ] whose wife, Margaret Landon, was the generator of Anna and the King of Siam, which was the inhalation for a 1946 film of the same diagnose, and The King and I in 1956. [ 12 ]
Return to individual diligence [edit ]
The King and I. Thompson ‘s individual collection of silk garments which were used for the phase musical In late 1946, Thompson headed for home to seek his discharge from the united states army. After his disassociate from Patricia Thraves ( 1920–1969 ), he returned to Thailand to join a group of investors to buy The oriental Hotel in Bangkok. While working on its renovation, he had some differences with his associates and this resulted in him giving up his shares. He subsequently switched his focus to silk. In 1948, [ 13 ] he partnered with George Barrie to found the Thai Silk Company Limited. It was capitalised at US $ 25,000. They each bought eighteen percentage of the shares. The remaining sixty-four percentage were sold to Thai and foreign investors.
The firm achieved a coup in 1951 when couturier Irene Sharaff made use of Thai silk fabrics for the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical, The King and I. [ 14 ] From then on, the party prospered. Besides inventing the bright jewel tones and dramatic color combinations today associated with Thai silk, Thompson raised thousands of Thailand ‘s poorest people out of poverty. His determination to keep his company cottage-based was significant for the women who made up the bulk of his work military unit. By allowing them to work at base, they retained their position in the family while becoming breadwinners. [ 14 ] It was alone after Thompson ‘s disappearance that the Thai Silk Company relocated its weaving operations to Korat, a city which serves as a base of operations for the Royal Thai Army. Although it abandoned home-based weaving in favor of factories in the early 1970s, the Thai Silk Company ‘s Korat adeptness looks more like a landscape campus than a factory .
Thompson ‘s “ House on the Klong ” [edit ]
Jim Thompson House : main construction ( c. 2013 ) . Jim Thompson House : Service building and endowment shop class . Jim Thompson House : Pond reflection of retail store. Thompson was unlike any other calculate in Southeast Asia. He was an american english, an ex-architect, a retire united states army officer, a erstwhile spy, a silk merchant and a celebrated collector of antiques. Most of his treasures, if not all, were amassed after he came to Thailand. [ 15 ] In 1958, he began what was to be the pinnacle of his architectural accomplishment – the construction of a modern home to showcase his objets d’art. Using parts of old up-country houses – some arsenic old as a hundred years – he succeeded in constructing a masterpiece that involved the reassemble of six Thai dwellings on his estate. Most of the units were dismantled and brought over by river from Ayutthaya, but the largest – a weaver ‘s house ( now the living room ) – came from Bangkrua. On arrival, the carpentry was offloaded and pieced together. [ 15 ] [ 16 ] In his quest for authenticity, he saw to it that some of the structures were elevated a entire floor above the earth. During the construction stage, he added his own touches to the buildings by positioning, for exemplify, a cardinal stairway indoors preferably than having it external. Along the way, he besides reversed the wall panels of his quarters thus that it now faced inside alternatively of it having an external orientation. [ 17 ] [ 15 ] After he was through with its creation, he filled his base with the items he had collected in the by. Decorating his rooms were chinese blue-and-white Ming pieces, belgian glass, cambodian carvings, priggish -era chandeliers, Benjarong earthenware, Thai stone images, Burmese statues, and a dining board which was once used by King Rama V of Thailand. It took Thompson about a year to complete his mansion. nowadays a museum, the Jim Thompson House can be reached by public or private transport.
Read more: ประสบการณ์การปีนเขา – เดินป่ากับเด็ก ๆ
disappearance [edit ]
Thompson disappeared from Malaysia ‘s Cameron Highlands on Sunday, March 26, 1967. His fade from the hill station generated one of the largest bring searches in Southeast asian history, and is one of the most celebrated mysteries in the region. [ 18 ] [ 19 ] [ 20 ]