korean National Park
province in South Korea
Gangwon Province is a province of South Korea, with its capital at Chuncheon. It is bound on the east by the Sea of Japan, and borders Gyeonggi Province to its west, and North Gyeongsang Province and North Chungcheong Province to its south. Its northerly boundary is the military Demarcation Line, separating it from North Korea ‘s Kangwŏn Province. Before the division of Korea in 1945 Gangwon and Kangwŏn formed a single province. Pyeongchang County in Gangwon hosted the 2018 Winter Olympics and 2018 Winter Paralympics. Gangwon will host the 2024 Winter Youth Olympics .

history [edit ]

Gangwon-do was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. The state was formed in 1395, and derived its name from the names of the principal cities of Gangneung ( 강릉 ; 江陵 ) and the provincial capital Wonju ( 원주 ; 原州 ).

In 1895 Gangwon-do was replaced by the Districts of Chuncheon ( Chuncheon-bu; 춘천부 ; 春川府 ) in the west and Gangneung ( Gangneung-bu; 강릉부 ; 江陵府 ) in the east. ( Wonju became region of Chungju District. ) In 1896 Korea was redivided into thirteen provinces, and the two districts were merged to re-form Gangwon-do Province. Although Wonju rejoined Gangwon-do province, the provincial capital was moved to Chuncheon, where it remains today. In 1945 Gangwon-do ( along with the rest of Korea ) was divided by the 38th twin north in 1945 into american and soviet zones of occupation in the south and north respectively, which led to Wonsan joining the province ‘s northern one-half in 1946 to serve as its administrative center. In 1948, the southerly half of the state became part of the new Republic of Korea. As a leave of the Korean War Armistice Agreement of 1953, the boundary between the South and north korean portions of the state was shifted north to the Military Demarcation Line .

geography [edit ]

localization [edit ]

Gangwon-do is bordered on the west by Gyeonggi-do state, on the south by the provinces of Chungcheongbuk-do and Gyeongsangbuk-do. To the north lies the province ‘s north korean counterpart, Kangwŏn state. The province ‘s landscape is dominated by the Taebaek Mountains ( called Taebaek Sanmaek ) which about reach the sea. As a consequence the seashore is identical steep .

Regions [edit ]

Gangwon-do and its north korean counterpart Kangwŏn are together referred to as the Gwandong region. The region west of the Taebaek Mountains is called Yeongseo, while the area east of the mountains is called Yeongdong. The term “ Yeongdong ” is frequently used in reference to transportation system services from Seoul, the national capital. therefore, one might catch a bus or train on the “ Yeongdong Line, ” or drive to Gangneung on the Yeongdong Expressway .

climate [edit ]

Gangwon-do ‘s Köppen climate classification ‘s climate class is sometimes humid subtropical, because in some of its areas, particularly in most of Yeongdong, it ‘s Cfa. Otherwise, its climate classify is Hot-summer humid continental climate, because it ‘s Dwb in some batch areas, Dfa in easterly areas, Dfb in eastern batch areas, and Dwa otherwise. The Taebaek Mountains causes different climates in Yeongdong and Yeongseo. [ 2 ] The climate of Gangwon-do is influenced by its latitude. In summer, along with higher temperatures, there is high humidity, but in winter the weather can be identical cold owe to high press from the east of the asian continent. According to Korea Meteorological Administration ‘s data, modal temperatures are very different. In Yongdong, average temperature is 11.0 °C ( 51.8 °F ), and Yeongseo is 10.8 °C ( 51.4 °F ). All of this province ‘s average temperatures range from 6.6 to 13.1 °C ( 43.9 to 55.6 °F ). and the annual measure of rain is 1,300–1,900 millimetres ( 51.2–74.8 in ), and it ‘s concentrated on batch area. It is one of the snowiest areas in South Korea. [ 3 ]

Resources [edit ]

The full moon area of Gangwon-do ( in North Korea and South Korea ) is 20,569 km2 ( 7,941.74 sq mi ), [ 2 ] South Korea ‘s Gangwon-do covers 16,874.59 km2 ( 6,515.32 sq secret intelligence service ). The province is renowned for its agrarian produce, particularly potatoes and fish ( cuttlefish and pollack ). mineral resources from the state include iron, coal, fluorite, limestone and tungsten. There are some hydroelectric, thermoelectric power plants in the region .

Demographics [edit ]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 1,790,954 —    
1990 1,580,430 −1.24%
2000 1,487,011 −0.61%
2010 1,471,513 −0.10%
2015 1,518,040 +0.62%
2020 1,521,763 +0.05%
Source: Citypopulation[4]

culture and Heritages [edit ]

Seoraksan, one of the best-known mountains of Gangwon-do.

inheritance [edit ]

It is stranger when the first people of Gangwon began to live, but Paleolithic sites were excavated. [ 5 ] many diachronic heritages are in this region, like the Later Silla era ‘s Bell of Sangwonsa, North–South States Period earned run average ‘s Iron Seated Vairocana Buddha of Dopiansa Temple, Goryeo earned run average ‘s Main Gate of Imyeonggwan Guesthouse, and Joseon earned run average ‘s Documents of Sangwonsa Temple. other popular heritages, like Ojukheon are located. Because of Gangwon Province ‘s landscape, a number of honest-to-god Buddhist temples have survived, like Woljeongsa and Oseam .

Museums [edit ]

Established in 2002, Chuncheon National Museum is operated by the central government for the purpose of classifying and reserving. [ 6 ] The local government besides has some of museums, including Park Su-geun Art Museum, [ 7 ] and Taebaek Coal Museum. purpose-built individual museums, such as ChamSori Gramophone Edison Museum [ 8 ] are being operated .

Festivals [edit ]

In Gangwon Province, about of the regions hold festivals. Gangneung Danoje was listed in UNESCO ‘s Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. [ 9 ] geographically, Gangwon Province has several national parks adenine well as some natural monuments .

food [edit ]

Because of its geographic environment, Gangwon Province is composed of mountains or basins. For the cause, locals chiefly make food with potatoes or buckwheat. [ 10 ] All regions of the province have seasoned vegetable rice. For case, Jeongseon County is celebrated for Jeongseon thistle rice ; Yeongwol County is celebrated for Yeongwol buckwheat rolls ; Hwacheon County is celebrated for Hwacheon trout rice in a pit bowl and Hwacheon goatsbeard rice ; and Yanggu County is celebrated for Yanggu dried green radish plant cuisine. [ 11 ] [ 12 ] In coastal regions, they chiefly eat pisces and salted seafood. For exercise, Donghae City is celebrated for Donghae steamed fish ; Sokcho is celebrated for Sokcho Squid Sausages ; and Samcheok is celebrated for blowfish soup. These are normally very simple and easy to cook, like the province ‘s traditional food. [ 10 ]

tourism [edit ]

National Parks & Nature Monuments [edit ]

Thanks to the Taebaek Mountains, Gangwon Province has 4 national parks & respective natural monuments .

DMZ Museum [edit ]

This large museum has a surprise amount of English in its narration of the history of the DMZ, american samoa well as exhibits such as US Pow letters and extensive photograph. It ‘s inside the Tongil Security Park, on the leave side of the road as you approach the Goseong Unification Observatory .

Odaesan is located in the center of Baekdudaegan, and it was assigned as a national park in 1975. Odaesan is one of the holy places of Korean Buddhist cultures.[14]
Chiaksan is derived from the southwest side of Odaesan, and it’s close to Wonju. In 2014, Wonju city & Korea National Park Service collaborated to make walk routes.[15]
Taebaeksan is a traditional and historical “holy mountain,” and it was assigned as a national park on October 22, 2016.[16] Taebaeksan Mountain is located at the fork of Baekdudaegan Mountain Range, which starts its range from bagdu into the south, heading to Jirisan Mountain. Ever since it has been designated as a provincial park, Taebaeksan Mountain has widened its realm and thus designated it as the 22nd national park. The park ranges from Gangwon-do Province to Gyeongsangbuk-do Province (Bongwha-gun) and is 70.052km in area. There are various cultural assets in Taebaeksan Mountain including Cheonjaedan, a place where a harvest ceremony had been held for thousands of years, and Geomryongso, the source of the Han River. It also has various and outstanding ecological landscapes including the biggest wildflower habitat in the country (Geumdaebong Peak to Daedeoksan Mountain), yew habitat around Janggunbong Peak, and Baekcheon Valley, the world’s southernmost lenok habitat.

Hantaan River penetrates Cheorwon County ‘s volcanic terrain having several natural monuments. This area was a place of a boisterous battle during the Korean War and it is a coarse rafting route nowadays. [ citation needed ] Around this river, the first Hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with nephritic syndrome virus, Hantaan River virus was found. This virus was named after the river. [ 17 ] Hantavirus Genus is referred this virus ‘s name. And, civilian Control Zone is near to Military Demarcation Line, naturally providing areas to stay for migratory birds, particularly red-crowned cranes. [ 18 ] In the township of Haean, Yanggu, specially Haean Basin is nicknamed Punchbowl, which was initially called by a war analogous for the Korea War. [ 19 ] Gangneung is a very deep locate, full of beaches connecting each other from north to south along the coast. These beaches are covered with pine tree forests, planted by natives in order to block the ocean breeze .

The Second Tunnel [edit ]

“ Found in the DMZ ” was found by korean guards listening to the heavy of explosions under the ground during their shift. After determine mining on March 19, 1975, “ The second Tunnel ” was discovered. It was for a sudden raid by the north korean Army into South Korea. The second burrow is composed of a firm flinty layer, is 3.5 kilometer in distance, and assorted in depth from 50m-160m. About 1 kilometer of it is present open to visitors .

Woljeong-ri post [edit ]

Woljeong-ri station is a historical construction in the DMZ at Cheorwon. This tourist attraction, which can merely be visited on escort security tours of the DMZ, is an abandon caravan station on the northernmost end of Korail ‘s Gyeongwon Line. Near the station there was a humble yard where railing stock was stored or shunted before leaving for Wonsan, now in North Korea, along the former Gyeongwon Line. Behind the station building there is the shipwreck of a train fail during the Korean War. The discipline was used by the north korean army and was bombed by U.N. forces. In 2012, as part of the history of its clock, it had become a place where artists suffer and exhibit their works .

Goseong Unification Observatory Building [edit ]

While this area was separate of North Korea from 1945 to 1953, today this build is the closest most south Koreans can get to glimpsing that populace. There are binoculars installed on the wake deck, and inside the lookout is a big map labelled with batch names and the locations of military installations. Kiosks here sell liquor, cash, postage stamps and other souvenirs from North Korea. On a clear day, you can get a effective scene of Kumgang-san, about 20 km to the west. Despite the sedateness of the station, the park set is cluttered with keepsake shops and restaurants. On the other side of the lot is the Korean War Exhibition Hall, which provides something of a flat coat on the war .

tourist Attractions [edit ]

Gangwon Province has many tourist attractions, a well as natural monuments, for example, Namiseom, Tong-il Observatory ( similar of Dora Observatory ), Soyang Dam and Jeongdongjin. A memorial center of the novelist Lee Hyo-seok is in Pyeongchang County. Along the coast of the Sea of Japan, many seaside resorts are located, including Gyongpo Seaside Resort.

The entirely domestic casino in Gangwon is Kangwon Land, located in Jeongseon County. The state besides houses the largest Ski Resort in South Korea, the Yongpyong Resort .

religion [edit ]

According to the 2015 census, 16.4 % of the population follows Buddhism and 24.1 % surveil Christianity ( 17.5 % Protestantism and 6.6 % Catholicism ). 58.7 % of the population is not religious and 0.8 % of the population follows other religions. [ 20 ]

transportation system [edit ]

railway [edit ]

Gangwon Province ‘s railways were originally built to transport mining resources to harbors. [ 21 ] [ 22 ] Jungang Line Northern Direction with Jungang Expressway Wonju Bridge In Gangwon-Province, some independent lines are being operated. First of all, Jungang Line is connected to Seoul Metropolitan Subway System. Yeongdong Line and Taebaek Line are derived from the Jungang Line. Gyeonggang Line was constructed, but presently it ‘s not absolutely connected to the Seoul Metropolitan Subway System. KTX trains launched from Seoul to Gangneung on 22 December 2017 via Gyeonggang Line, but they silent run a separate of the Jungang Line. [ 23 ] In 2016, a plan was passed to extend the KTX line from Gangneung to Sokcho. [ 24 ] Gyeongwon Line and North Dong-hae Line of the chief lines are blocked by the Military Demarcation Line .

Air [edit ]

Gangwon Province has several military airbases, while civil passengers can use only two airports, Wonju Airport and Yangyang International Airport. Wonju Airport is shared with the Republic of Korea Air Force, like Daegu International Airport and Gimhae International Airport. [ 25 ] presently Wonju and Yangyang Airport are now operated as a domestic airport. [ 26 ] [ 27 ]

road [edit ]

entire Gangwon Province ‘s road distance is 9,800 kilometer ( 6,100 nautical mile ), and the pavement was completed 75.1 %. [ 28 ] Some diachronic and traditional ridges have survived, like Daegwallyeong. It has many routes, like a Route 7 which is included in AH6. It besides has Controlled-access highways. Yeongdong Expressway is the first express way in the region, and Gwangju–Wonju Expressway, Jungang Expressway, Donghae Expressway, Seoul–Yangyang Expressway were built, afterwards. Seoul–Yangyang Expressway has the longest road burrow in South Korea .

Buses [edit ]

Like the railways, Gangwon Province is connected by intercity bus topology networks in South Korea. All cities and counties have intercity terminals, which connect other cities or counties in the area or connect out cities, districts, and Incheon International Airport .

Sea [edit ]

Gangwon Province has many harbours. Some harbours are a fish interface, but other harbours are used for especial purposes. For example, Mukpo Harbour functions as an exporting hub for cement & coal from Taebaek Mountains. [ 29 ] Sokcho Harbour functions as a fish port, a passenger harbor and an export hub for cast-iron ore. [ 29 ] besides recently, Korea Gas Corporation built the LNG Platform Center in Hosan Harbour. [ 30 ] Gangwon state besides has ferry lines. Sokcho Harbour has a pier for cruise ships, [ 31 ] but until nowadays 2018, no cruise road exists .

Sports [edit ]

Sport teams [edit ]

Gangwon FC bases itself in the region, owned by the Gangwon Province. Jin-seon Kim, the Governor of Gangwon Province announced to establish it on April 28, 2008 [ 35 ] and it was established on December 18, 2008. [ 36 ] High1 is Kangwon Land ‘s Ice Hockey team, established in September 2009. South Korea has entirely 3 master frosting ice hockey clubs, including High1. [ 37 ] besides Daeyung Killer Whales was established in 2016, primitively based in the region. [ 38 ] Wonju DB Promy is a professional basketball team, based in Wonju, Gangwon Province. It was established 1996. It donated coals in the collaboration with a local government-owned company, Korea Coal Corporation. [ 39 ]

list of All Gangwon Province ‘s sport clubs [edit ]

Gangneung Stadium, the home land of Gangwon FC

significant Sport Events [edit ]

The 1999 asian Winter Games were held in Gangwon Province between January 30 and February 6, 1999. South Korea, the horde state ranked 2nd in these games. The 2018 Winter Olympics was held from February 9–25, 2018, and the 2018 Winter Paralympics was held from March 9–18, 2018. Almost all of the events were held in Pyeongchang County. Alpine skiing events were held in Jeongseon County, while some of indoor events were held in Gangneung. The 2024 Winter Youth Olympics is scheduled to be held in Gangwon Province. [ 40 ]

Municipalities [edit ]

The main cities of the province are Chuncheon ( the provincial capital ), Gangneung, Sokcho, Wonju, and Donghae. Currently Gangwon Province, has 7 cities, and 11 counties [ 41 ]

Claimed [edit ]

Friendship partners [edit ]

References [edit ]