Hotel – Wikipedia

establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-run basis
This article is about lodging establishments. For shared-room lodge, see Hostel. For hotels designed for motorists, see Motel. For other uses, see Hotel ( disambiguation ) “ hotel room ” redirects here. For the 1993 HBO television series, see Hotel Room

A typical hotel room with a bed, desk, and television A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-run basis. Facilities provided inside a hotel board may range from a modest-quality mattress in a little board to big suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a refrigerator and early kitchen facilities, upholster chairs, a flat screen television receiver, and en-suite bathrooms. Small, lower-priced hotels may offer only the most basic node services and facilities. Larger, higher-priced hotels may provide extra guest facilities such as a swim pool, business center ( with computers, printers, and early office equipment ), childcare, conference and event facilities, tennis or basketball courts, gymnasium, restaurants, day resort hotel, and social function services. Hotel rooms are normally numbered ( or named in some smaller hotels and B & Bs ) to allow guests to identify their room. Some boutique, high-end hotels have custom decorated rooms. Some hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. In Japan, encapsulate hotels provide a bantam room desirable only for sleeping and shared toilet facilities. The precursor to the mod hotel was the hostel of chivalric Europe. For a period of about 200 years from the mid-17th century, coaching hostel served as a place for lodging for bus travelers. Inns began to cater to richer clients in the mid-18th century. One of the foremost hotels in a mod smell was opened in Exeter in 1768. Hotels proliferated throughout Western Europe and North America in the early nineteenth century, and lavishness hotels began to spring up in the belated part of the nineteenth hundred. hotel operations vary in size, officiate, complexity, and price. Most hotels and major cordial reception companies have set industry standards to classify hotel types. An upscale full-service hotel adeptness offers luxury amenities, full-service accommodations, an on-site restaurant, and the highest level of personalize service, such as a concierge, room service, and clothes pressing staff. Full-service hotels much contain upscale full-service facilities with many full-service accommodations, an on-site full-service restaurant, and a kind of on-site amenities. Boutique hotels are smaller mugwump, non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities. Small to medium-sized hotel establishments offer a express sum of on-site amenities. economy hotels are small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer basic accommodations with little to no services. Extended arrest hotels are small to medium-sized hotels that offer longer-term full-service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Timeshare and destination clubs are a form of place ownership involving ownership of an person unit of measurement of accommodation for seasonal worker custom. A motel is a small-sized low-rise housing with calculate access to person rooms from the car parking lot. Boutique hotels are typically hotels with a singular environment or inner set. A number of hotels have entered the public awareness through popular acculturation, such as the Ritz Hotel in London. Some hotels are built specifically as destinations in themselves, for exercise casinos and holiday resorts. Most hotel establishments are run by a cosmopolitan coach who serves as the head executive ( frequently referred to as the “ hotel coach “ ), department heads who oversee versatile departments within a hotel ( for example, food servicing ), middle managers, administrative staff, and line-level supervisors. The organizational graph and volume of job positions and hierarchy varies by hotel size, routine and class, and is frequently determined by hotel ownership and managing companies .

etymology

The bible hotel is derived from the french hôtel ( coming from the lapp lineage as hospital ), which referred to a french version of a building seeing patronize visitors, and providing worry, rather than a place extend accommodation. In contemporaneous french custom, hôtel now has the lapp mean as the english condition, and hôtel particulier is used for the old intend, a well as “ hôtel ” in some place names such as Hôtel-Dieu ( in Paris ), which has been a hospital since the Middle Ages. The french spell, with the circumflex, was besides used in English, but is now rare. The circumflex replaces the ‘s ‘ found in the earlier hostel spell, which over time took on a raw, but close related intend. Grammatically, hotels normally take the definite article – therefore “ The Astoria Hotel ” or just “ The Astoria. ”

history

Facilities offering cordial reception to travellers featured in early civilizations. In classical culture and in ancient Persia, hospitals for convalescence and perch were built at thermal baths. Guinness World Records officially recognised Japan ‘s Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan, founded in 705, as the oldest hotel in the world. [ 1 ] During the Middle Ages, respective religious orders at monasteries and abbeys would offer accommodation for travellers on the road. The precursor to the modern hotel was the hostel of chivalric Europe, possibly dating back to the principle of Ancient Rome. These would provide for the needs of travellers, including food [ 2 ] and housing, stabling and fodder for the traveler ‘s horses and fresh horses for chain mail coaches. celebrated London examples of hostel include the George and the Tabard. A distinctive layout of an hostel featured an inner court with bedrooms on the two sides, with the kitchen and parlor at the front and the stables at the back. [ 3 ] For a period of about 200 years from the mid-17th hundred, coaching hostel served as a place for lodging for coach travellers ( in other words, a roadhouse ). Coaching hostel stabled teams of horses for stagecoaches and mail coaches and replaced run down teams with clean teams. traditionally they were seven miles aside, but this depended identical much on the terrain .
The Boody House Hotel in Toledo, Ohio Some english towns had equally many as ten such inns and competition between them became intense, not merely for the income from the stagecoach operators but for the gross from the food and drink supplied to the affluent passengers. By the end of the hundred, coaching inns were being run more professionally, with a regular timetable being followed and fixed menus for food. [ 4 ] Inns began to cater to richer clients in the mid-18th century, and consequently grew in magnificence and in the level of service provided. Sudhir Andrews traces “ the birth of an organized hotel industry ” to Europe ‘s chalets and minor hotels which catered primarily to aristocrats. [ 5 ] One of the inaugural hotels in a mod sense, the Royal Clarence, opened in Exeter in 1768, although the mind alone actually caught on in the early-19th century. In 1812 Mivart ‘s Hotel opened its doors in London, former changing its mention to Claridge ‘s. [ 6 ] Hotels proliferated throughout Western Europe and North America in the nineteenth century. Luxury hotels, including the 1829 Tremont House in Boston, the 1836 Astor House in New York City, [ 7 ] the 1889 Savoy Hotel in London, and the Ritz range of hotels in London and Paris in the late 1890s, catered to an always more-wealthy clientele. Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is character of a United States law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of rush, religion, or national origin in places of populace accommodation. [ 8 ] Hotels are included as types of public accommodation in the Act. [ 9 ]

International scale

Hotels cater to travelers from many countries and languages, since no one area dominates the travel diligence .

Types

hotel operations vary in size, affair, and price. Most hotels and major cordial reception companies that operate hotels have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. cosmopolitan categories include the follow :

International luxury

International lavishness hotels offer high-quality amenities, full-service accommodations, on-site full-service restaurants, and the highest grade of personalized and professional service in major or capital cities. International luxury hotels are classified with at least a five ball field rating or Five Star hotel denounce depending on the state and local classification standards. Example brands include : Grand Hyatt, Conrad, InterContinental, Sofitel, Mandarin Oriental, Four Seasons, The Peninsula, Rosewood, JW Marriott and The Ritz-Carlton .

Lifestyle lavishness resorts

life style lavishness resorts are branded hotels that appeal to a node with life style or personal image in specific locations. They are typically full-service and classified as lavishness. A key feature of life style resorts is focus on providing a alone node experience as opposed to simply providing lodging. life style lavishness resorts are classified with a Five Star hotel denounce depending on the nation and local categorization standards. Example brands include : Waldorf Astoria, St. Regis, Shangri-La, Oberoi, Belmond, Jumeirah, Aman, Taj Hotels, Hoshino, Raffles, Fairmont, Banyan Tree, Regent and Park Hyatt .

Upscale full-service

upscale full-service hotels much provide a wide array of guest services and on-site facilities. normally found amenities may include : on-site food and beverage ( room service and restaurants ), meeting and conference services and facilities, fitness center, and occupation center. upscale full-service hotels range in quality from upscale to lavishness. This classification is based upon the quality of facilities and amenities offered by the hotel. [ 12 ] Examples include : w Hotels, Sheraton, Langham, Kempinski, Kimpton Hotels, Hilton, Lotte, Renaissance, Marriott and Hyatt Regency brands .

Boutique

Boutique hotels are smaller mugwump non-branded hotels that much contain mid-scale to upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full-service accommodations. These hotels are by and large 100 rooms or fewer. [ 13 ]

Focused or blue-ribbon servicing

little to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited number of on-site amenities that merely provide and market to a particular demographic of travelers, such as the unmarried business traveler. Most focus or choose service hotels may even offer full-service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swim pool. Examples include Hyatt Place, Holiday Inn, Courtyard by Marriott and Hilton Garden Inn .

Economy and limited service

humble to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a very restrict number of on-site amenities and much alone offer basic accommodations with short to no services, these facilities normally only provide and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded traveler seeking a “ no frills ” accommodation. limit avail hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in rejoinder may offer a specify complimentary food and beverage agreeableness such as on-site continental breakfast overhaul. Examples include Ibis Budget, Hampton Inn, Aloft, Holiday Inn Express, Fairfield Inn, and Four Points by Sheraton .

Extended stay

Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized hotels that offer longer-term full-service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that caters towards travelers in need of short-run accommodations for an strain period of time. similar to limited and choice servicing hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most carry stay hotels lack an on-site restaurant. Examples include Staybridge Suites, Candlewood Suites, Homewood Suites by Hilton, Home2 Suites by Hilton, Residence Inn by Marriott, Element, and Extended Stay America .

Timeshare and finish clubs

Timeshare and finish clubs are a form of place ownership besides referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of measurement of accommodation for seasonal worker usage during a stipulate period of time. Timeshare resorts frequently offer amenities like that of a full-service hotel with on-site restaurants, swimming pools, diversion grounds, and early leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs on the other hired hand may offer more single individual accommodations such as secret houses in a neighborhood-style specify. Examples of timeshare brands include Hilton Grand Vacations, Marriott Vacation Club International, Westgate Resorts, Disney Vacation Club, and Holiday Inn Club Vacations .

Motel

A motel, an abbreviation for “ motive hotel ”, is a small-sized low-rise lodging administration alike to a limited service, lower-cost hotel, but typically with direct entree to person rooms from the cable car park. Motels were built to serve road travellers, including travellers on road trip vacations and workers who drive for their job ( travelling salesperson, truck drivers, and so forth ). Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were frequently located adjacent to a major highway, where they were built on cheap land at the boundary of towns or along stretches of expressway. New motel construction is rare in the 2000s as hotel chains have been building economy-priced, limited-service franchise properties at expressway exits which compete for largely the lapp clientele, largely saturating the market by the 1990s. Motels are still utilitarian in less populate areas for driving travelers, but the more populate an area becomes, the more hotels move in to meet the demand for accommodation. While many motels are unbranded and freelancer, many of the other motels which remain in operation joined national franchise chains, often rebranding themselves as hotels, hostel or lodges. Some examples of chains with motels include EconoLodge, Motel 6, Super 8, and Travelodge. Motels in some parts of the earth are more often regarded as places for romantic assignations where rooms are often rented by the hour. This is reasonably coarse in parts of Latin America .

Microstay

Hotels may offer rooms for microstays, [ 14 ] a character of booking for less than 24 hours where the customer chooses the arrest in time and the length of the last out. This allows the hotel increased tax income by reselling the same room several times a day. [ 15 ]

management

Hotel management is a globally accepted professional career playing field and academic field of study. Degree programs such as cordial reception management studies, a business degree, and/or certificate programs formally prepare hotel managers for diligence practice. Most hotel establishments dwell of a general director who serves as the steer executive ( much referred to as the “ hotel director ” ), department heads who oversee assorted departments within a hotel, middle managers, administrative staff, and line-level supervisors. The organizational graph and volume of job positions and hierarchy varies by hotel size, function, and is often determined by hotel possession and managing companies .

Unique and specialization hotels

Historic hostel and boutique hotels

Grand Hotel Viljandi at winter in Viljandi, Estonia Boutique hotels are typically hotels with a unique environment or familiar sic. Some hotels have gained their fame through custom, by hosting meaning events or persons, such as Schloss Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany, which derives its fame from the Potsdam Conference of the World War II allies Winston Churchill, Harry Truman and Joseph Stalin in 1945. [ 16 ] The Taj Mahal Palace & Tower in Mumbai is one of India ‘s most celebrated and historic hotels because of its association with the indian independence movement. Some establishments have given name to a particular meal or beverage, as is the case with the Waldorf Astoria in New York City, United States where the Waldorf Salad was first created or the Hotel Sacher in Vienna, Austria, dwelling of the Sachertorte. Others have achieved fame by association with dishes or cocktails created on their premises, such as the Hotel de Paris where the crêpe Suzette was invented or the Raffles Hotel in Singapore, where the Singapore Sling cocktail was devised. [ 17 ]
A count of hotels have entered the public consciousness through democratic polish, such as the Ritz Hotel in London, through its association with Irving Berlin ‘s song, ‘ Puttin ‘ on the Ritz ‘. The Algonquin Hotel in New York City is famed as the confluence rate of the literary group, the Algonquin Round Table, and Hotel Chelsea, besides in New York City, has been the subject of a number of songs and the picture of the cutting of Nancy Spungen ( allegedly by her boyfriend Sid Vicious ).

Resort hotels

Some hotels are built specifically as a finish in itself to create a captive craft, exemplar at casinos, amusement parks and holiday resorts. Though hotels have constantly been built in popular destinations, the defining feature of a haunt hotel is that it exists strictly to serve another attraction, the two having the same owners. On the Las Vegas Strip there is a custom of one-upmanship with epicurean and excessive hotels in a concentrated area. This course now has extended to other resorts worldwide, but the concentration in Las Vegas is inactive the earth ‘s highest : nineteen of the world ‘s twenty-five largest hotels by room count are on the Strip, with a total of over 67,000 rooms. [ 18 ]

Bunker hotels

The Null Stern Hotel in Teufen, Appenzellerland, Switzerland and the Concrete Mushrooms in Albania [ 19 ] are former nuclear bunkers transformed into hotels .

Cave hotels

The Cuevas Pedro Antonio de Alarcón ( named after the generator ) in Guadix, Spain, equally well as several hotels in Cappadocia, Turkey, are luminary for being built into natural cave formations, some with rooms underground. The Desert Cave Hotel in Coober Pedy, South Australia is built into the remains of an opal mine .

Cliff hotels

On top of the cliff, the Riosol Hotel in Mogán Located on the coast but high above sea level, these hotels offer unobstructed bird’s-eye views and a great common sense of privacy without the feeling of total isolation. Some examples from around the earth are the Riosol Hotel in Gran Canaria, Caruso Belvedere Hotel in Amalfi Coast ( Italy ), Aman Resorts Amankila in Bali, Birkenhead House in Hermanus ( South Africa ), The Caves in Jamaica and Caesar Augustus in Capri. [ 20 ]

Capsule hotels

ejection seat hotels are a character of economical hotel beginning introduced in Japan, where people sleep in stacks of rectangular containers .

Day room hotels

Some hotels fill day occupancy with sidereal day rooms, for case, Rodeway Inn and Suites near Port Everglades in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. [ 21 ] Day rooms are booked in a stuff of hours typically between 8 am and 5 prime minister, [ 22 ] before the typical night shift. These are similar to transit hotels in that they appeal to travelers, however, unlike transit hotels, they do not eliminate the need to go through Customs .

Garden hotels

Garden hotels, celebrated for their gardens before they became hotels, include Gravetye Manor, the home of garden couturier William Robinson, and Cliveden, designed by Charles Barry with a rose garden by Geoffrey Jellicoe .

Ice, snow and igloo hotels

Ice Hotel in Jukkasjärvi, Sweden The Ice Hotel in Jukkasjärvi, Sweden, was the first methamphetamine hotel in the world ; first built in 1990, it is built each winter and melts every spring. The Hotel de Glace in Duschenay, Canada, opened in 2001 and it ‘s North America ‘s entirely ice hotel. It is redesigned and rebuilt in its entirety every year. Ice hotels can besides be included within larger ice complexes ; for exercise, the Mammut Snow Hotel in Finland is located within the walls of the Kemi bamboozle palace ; and the Lainio Snow Hotel is depart of a snow village near Ylläs, Finland. There is an north-polar snowhotel in Rovaniemi in Lapland, Finland, along with glass igloo. [ 23 ] The beginning glaze igloo were built in 1999 in Finland, they became the Kakslauttanen Arctic Resort with 65 buildings, 53 small ones for two people and 12 large ones for four people. Glass igloo, with their roof made of thermal looking glass, let guests to admire auroras comfortably from their beds. [ 24 ]

Love hotels

A love hotel ( besides ‘love motel ‘, particularly in Taiwan ) is a type of short-stay hotel found around the worldly concern, operated chiefly for the determination of allowing guests privacy for intimate activities, typically for one to three hours, but with overnight as an choice. Styles of premises vary from highly low-end to lavishly appointed. In Japan, love hotels have a history of over 400 years. [ 25 ]

portable modular hotels

In 2021 a New York-based company introduced fresh modular and chattel hotel rooms which allow landowners and cordial reception groups to create and easily scale hotel accomodations. The portable units can be built in three to five months, and can be stacked to create multi-floor units. [ 26 ]

referral hotel

A referral hotel is a hotel chain that offers branding to independently operate on hotels ; the chain itself is founded by or owned by the penis hotels as a group. many former referral chains have been converted to franchises ; the largest surviving member-owned chain is Best Western .

Railway hotels

The first recorded purpose-built railroad track hotel was the Great western Hotel, which opened adjacent to Reading railroad track post in 1844, soon after the Great western Railway opened its line from London. The build still exists, and although it has been used for other purposes over the years, it is now again a hotel and a member of the Malmaison hotel chain. [ 27 ] [ 28 ] [ 29 ] frequently, expanding railroad track companies built expansive hotels at their terminal, such as the Midland Hotel, Manchester following to the former Manchester Central Station, and in London the ones above St Pancras railroad track station and Charing Cross railroad track station. London besides has the Chiltern Court Hotel above Baker Street tube station, there are besides Canada ‘s grand piano railway hotels. They are or were by and large, but not entirely, used by those traveling by rail .

Straw basel hotels

The Maya Guesthouse in Nax Mont-Noble in the Swiss Alps, is the first hotel in Europe built wholly with pale yellow bales. Due to the insulation values of the walls it needs no conventional heat or atmosphere condition system, although the Maya Guesthouse is built at an altitude of 1,300 metres ( 4,300 foot ) in the Alps. [ 30 ]

passage hotels

passage hotels are short stay hotels typically used at international airports where passengers can stay while waiting to change airplanes. The hotels are typically on the airside and do not require a visa for a arrest or re-admission through security system checkpoints .

Treehouse hotels

Some hotels are built with living trees as structural elements, for example the Treehotel near Piteå, Sweden, the Costa Rica Tree House near the Jairo Mora Sandoval Gandoca-Manzanillo Mixed Wildlife Refuge, Costa Rica ; the Treetops Hotel in Aberdare National Park, Kenya ; the Ariau Towers near Manaus, Brazil, on the Rio Negro in the Amazon ; and Bayram ‘s Tree Houses in Olympos, Turkey .

subaqueous hotels

Some hotels have accommodation submerged, such as Utter Inn in Lake Mälaren, Sweden. Hydropolis, project in Dubai, would have had suites on the bottom of the Persian Gulf, and Jules ‘ Undersea Lodge in Key Largo, Florida requires aqualung diving to access its rooms .

Overwater hotels

A recourse island is an island or an archipelago that contains resorts, hotels, overwater bungalows, restaurants, tourist attractions and its amenities. Maldives has the most overwater bungalows resorts .

yurt hotels

Yurts are circular, self-supporting structures with hanker rafters coalescing toward a cardinal attic. During the day, the dome allows sunlight to illuminate the entire yurt department of the interior, while moonlight and starlight shine through the dome at night. [ 31 ]

other specialization hotels

Railroad Park Resort, a Caboose Hotel in Northern California

  • Various Caboose Motel or Red Caboose Inn properties are built from decommissioned rail cars.
  • Throughout the world there are several hotels built from converted airliners.

Records

Largest

In 2006, Guinness World Records listed the First World Hotel in Genting Highlands, Malaysia, as the populace ‘s largest hotel with a entire of 6,118 rooms ( and which has now expanded to 7,351 rooms ). [ 33 ] The Izmailovo Hotel in Moscow has the most beds, with 7,500, followed by The Venetian and The Palazzo complex in Las Vegas ( 7,117 rooms ) and MGM Grand Las Vegas building complex ( 6,852 rooms ). [ 34 ] [ self-published source? ]

Oldest

According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the oldest hotel in operation is the Nisiyama Onsen Keiunkan in Yamanashi, Japan. The hotel, first opened in AD 707, has been operated by the lapp family for forty-six generations. The claim was held until 2011 by the Hoshi Ryokan, in the Awazu Onsen sphere of Komatsu, Japan, which opened in the year 718, as the history of the Nisiyama Onsen Keiunkan was about strange. [ 35 ]

Highest

The Rosewood Guangzhou located on the top floors of the 108-story Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre in Tianhe District, Guangzhou, China. Soaring to 530-meters at its highest steer, earns the singular condition as the world ‘s highest hotel. [ 36 ] [ 37 ]

Most expensive purchase

In October 2014, the Anbang Insurance Group, based in China, purchased the Waldorf Astoria New York in Manhattan for US $ 1.95 billion, making it the earth ‘s most expensive hotel always sold. [ 38 ]

long term residence

A count of public figures have notably chosen to take up semi-permanent or permanent wave residency in hotels .

See besides

industry and careers

Human dwelling types

References

promote recitation

  • Media related to Hotels at Wikimedia Commons
  • Hotels travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Grand old hotels travel guide from Wikivoyage

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