When does the first baby food make sense? How should the introduction of complementary foods be? And what foods are the most suitable? Questions and more questions that new parents have when it comes to feeding their children. We have compiled the answers for you in compact form.
From lactation to porridge
Before the child is born, you usually still have time to read guides and find out what good nutrition looks like during pregnancy. Once the little one is born, you have your hands full. It is good if you have already prepared a plan for feeding the baby in the first year of life. In the first 4 to 6 months, breastfeeding is the best diet, alternative to breast milk can also be given prepared milk. From the 5th month, it is necessary to introduce food supplements. You can tell when your baby is ready for complementary feeding by the following signs:
- The little one begins to be interested in food: he closely watches his parents and catches their meals.
- The baby can hold his head up on his own and sit up with your support.
- If you put a spoon near his mouth, the child will open it automatically.
- The child can move the food towards the esophagus with chewing movements in the mouth and no longer has the spitting reflex.
- Weight is also an indicator: if the baby weighs about twice as much as when he was born, it’s time for solid foods.
These foods are suitable as complementary foods
When the baby is ready, gradually replace dairy foods with complementary foods. The best baby food is porridge, which is made up of vegetables, meat and potatoes. Iron-fortified infant grits are also recommended. The portions are initially very small, usually a few tablespoons are enough. After about four weeks, you can add more cereal to the porridge and finally fruit.
It is better to introduce only one ingredient at a time, as it is easier to avoid allergic reactions and intolerances. If you cook yourself, you can use our baby porridge recipes. Steaming is the best method for nutrient-friendly preparation. In liquid form, from time to time you can give the baby tea or water with a spoon. The German Nutrition Society (DGE) expressly advises against a vegan diet for infants, children and adolescents.
The family meal as the last step in feeding the baby
From the tenth month, the transition from infant feeding to family feeding takes place. Instead of porridge, give the baby crushed pieces of food and then, and milk is served in a cup as a drink. Fruit snacks, juices, bread and raw vegetables complete the main meals. From 12 months, the ideal is to feed the baby a balanced mixed diet: he can generally tolerate all kinds of food, only strong spices should be avoided. In our guide you will discover what to consider if you want to cook healthy food for children.