The Airport Rail Link ( ARL ) ( Thai : รถไฟฟ้าเชื่อมท่าอากาศยานสุวรรณภูมิ ) is an express and commuter rail line in Bangkok, Thailand. The occupation provides an airport rail link from Suvarnabhumi Airport, via Makkasan Station, to Phaya Thai place in central Bangkok. Most of the line is on a viaduct over the main eastern railway. It is owned by State Railway of Thailand ( SRT ) and, since 2021, operated by Asia Era One Company Limited. [ 1 ] The 28.6-kilometer ( 17.8 nautical mile ) -long Airport Rail Link opened for service on 23 August 2010. [ 2 ]
history [edit ]
The airport connection shrink was signed in January 2005, and construction began in July 2005. [ 3 ] The line was built by a consortium of B.Grimm, STECON, and Siemens. It is operated by SRTET ( SRT Electric Train Company ), a wholly owned subsidiary company of the State Railway of Thailand ( SRT ). The cost of the project was 25.9 billion baht. [ 4 ]
The line is built largely along the like alliance as the fail Bangkok Elevated Road and Train System ( BERTS ) undertaking, started by Hopewell, but stopped in 1997 when only 10 percentage had been completed. many previously constructed BERTS pillars stood in the way of the new system. After extensive argument and an mastermind recapitulation on their suitability for habit in the ARL project—and demands for compensation from Hopewell—the SRT finally decided to demolish the pillars and build new ones. [ 5 ] originally scheduled to be completed by 2007, the Hopewell debacle, an strain bid process, and a serial of legal challenges from squatters and property owners who had encroached on SRT ‘s land, repeatedly delayed the project. initial test runs were conducted in October 2009, with a free limited trial serve loose to the public run from April 2010. Full commercial services were launched on 23 August 2010. [ 6 ] In October 2021 operation of the line was transferred to a raw special-purpose fomite led by the consortium of Charoen Pokphand ( CP ) Holding and partners including Ch. Karnchang PLC. ( CK ), Bangkok Expressway and Metro PLC. ( BEM ), Italian-Thai Development PLC. ( ITD ) and China Railway Construction Corporation ( CRCC ) [ 1 ] and the service rebranded as AERA1 City. [ 7 ] The consortium will besides operate the Don Mueang–Suvarnabhumi–U-Tapao high-speed railroad track .
Operations [edit ]
Services originally consisted of both express services and the City Line, a commuter rail overhaul with eight stations. however since September 2014, all express services have been suspended indefinitely due to a dearth of rolling stock handiness. The ARL operates day by day from 05:30 to 24:00, with services departing every 10–11 minutes during extremum hours ( 06:00-09:00 and 16:00-20:00 ) and every 12–13 minutes off peak and weekends. The number of passengers using the military service in the first three years of operation was about half that projected. The SRT estimated about 95,000 passengers total per day, but the actual ridership was about 40,000, including 38,000 for the City Line and 2,500 for the Express Line. Airport Rail Link, a subordinate of the SRT set up to operate the Airport Link services, has operated at a loss since the start of its operations. The ARL averaged round 56,000 passengers a day on weekdays and 40,000 a day on weekends in 2015. [ 8 ] As of May 2018, the daily average is around 72,000 passengers and overcrowding it still a major problem during top out periods due to insufficient rolling stock with only 7 of the 9 trains operational. [ 9 ]
City Line [edit ]
The commuter/suburban City Line stops at all eight stations. It is used by many residents and students in the eastern suburb deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as airport staff. The City Line has suffered from significant overcrowding since 2012. City Line units allow passengers to bring bicycles during off bill periods and on weekends, but excessively large bags for trips to the airport can be difficult during extremum periods. The organization has come under some local examination for this. [ 10 ]
Express Line [edit ]
On 1 June 2011, extra Express Line services became available between Phaya Thai station and the airport with a travel fourth dimension of 18 minutes. [ 11 ] This resulted in two clear-cut Express Services : one to/from Phaya Thai with a 60-minute headroom ; and one to/from Makkasan Terminal besides with a 60-minute headway. This was due to a design flaw in the original put of the rail which meant that the Express Line chase terminates at Makkasan and does not connect with the City Line track which run on the outer side of the Express line, to Phaya Thai. The SRT allocated 17m baht in Feb 2012 to rectify this problem. [ 12 ] As of early 2018 the two tracks had however not been connected. At the end of April 2014, the Phaya Thai Express service was suspended for 12 months due to insufficient rolling neckcloth being available while long term, overhaul care of the express rolling stock was undertake. thereafter, the hourly Makkasan Express service was merely averaging 400 passengers a day. subsequently, in September 2014 the SRTET decided to suspend the Makkasan Express due to gloomy passenger numbers and insufficient rolling stock certificate. There have been no Express Services since this time. It will finally be replaced with high accelerate train services once the Don Mueang–Suvarnabhumi–U-Tapao high-speed railroad track is complete .
Fares [edit ]
Standard fare for the City Line is between 15–45 baht depending on distance. ( The Express Line was priced between 90/150 baht for one way/return ) .
City Air Terminal check-in [edit ]
From 4 January 2011, a baggage check-in service began for passengers traveling on flights operated by Thai Airways, 08:00–21:00. Passengers checking in at Makkasan post ( the city air terminal ) were required to purchase an Express Line ticket and assay in at least between 3 and 12 hours in prior to trajectory deviation. Bangkok Airways discontinued baggage check-in service in this facility on 13 June 2011. however, very few passengers—20 or fewer per day—used the Makkasan station check-in service. [ 13 ] The SRTET stated that they wanted to encourage far airlines to use the City confirmation in service in early 2014 with a target of 1,000 people a day by late 2014. [ 14 ] however, in July 2014 the SRTET stated that it would most likely discontinue check-in operations as only 10 people were using it a day with alone 200 pieces of baggage checked in each calendar month. The service was costing SRTET 5.27m baht a calendar month. [ 15 ] All check-in services ceased in September 2014 when the Express service was suspended .
Specifications [edit ]
The line is 28.6 kilometer ( 17.8 michigan ) long and is elevated, running above the existing eastern railroad track, with an metro terminal at the airport. Commuter trips take 27 minutes from Phaya Thai to Suvarnabhumi Airport. [ 4 ] Unlike most railways in Thailand, which use meter estimate, this line uses standard gauge tracks, the way the metro trains do. The argue is unclear. The tune is electrified via overhead lines at 25 kV 50 Hz AC. All stations were built to accommodate 10-car trains, and the express train platform of Makkasan post and all platforms at Suvarnabhumi are fitted with platform automatic pistol screen doors. The top speed is 160 kilometers per hour ( 99 miles per hour ), but the abruptly distances between the stations do not permit commuter services to reach that speed. [ 3 ] At Makkasan and Suvarnabhumi, both lines have their own tracks and platforms. At Hua Mak the carry tune can bypass the city trace via a sink loop .
Rolling store [edit ]
Nine four-car and three-car Siemens Desiro EMUs based on the british Rail class 360 are used. [ 16 ] The only significant difference from the UK units is a a lot larger air conditioning pod on the roof, providing extra cooling to cope with the Thai climate. As with early Class 360 units, the trains were built in Krefeld, Germany – and were delivered from 2007, and testing in Bangkok began in March 2008. [ 17 ] On 15 May 2012 the Thai Cabinet approved a budget of 5.2 billion baht for the SRT to order seven raw, four cable car sets of Siemens Desiro rolling breed to be delivered by 2014. [ 18 ] however, as of June 2013 no orders for new rolling stock had been placed. [ 19 ] Four Express trains—four cars, bolshevik colour—were used for the two separate express serve between Makkasan and Phaya Thai and Suvarnabhumi Airport. The fourth car is a baggage cable car with no passenger seating [ 20 ] The other five City Line trains—three cars, blue colour—are used for commuter City Line service stopping at all eight stations on the Airport Line. [ 20 ] Since the suspension of the Express Services in September 2014, all Express sets have been used as all stop City Line services. In 2017, the SRTET commenced renovation of the four express trains to install seat in the fourth cable car in decree to increase passenger capacity .
New rolling stock order [edit ]
Approval was granted by the Transport Ministry ( MOT ) for the SRT to purchase seven modern, four car sets of rolling stock in early 2012 due to overcrowding and the pressing need to provide extra rolling breed. During, 2013 the MOT reviewed the purchase intention to consider cheaper Chinese rolling stock. In December 2013, the Thai Cabinet approved 4.9 billion baht for the seven new sets of rolling stock. [ 21 ] As of mid-2014, a supplier had not been selected, but the SRT indicated its intention to invite bidders to tender for raw rolling stock in September 2014. [ 22 ] This was subsequently delayed with the SRT expecting to conduct an e-tender in April 2015 with a schedule to sign the condense by June 2015. [ 23 ] however, a subsequent tender was suspended in 2016 after allegations of corruption surrounding the bidding action. In early 2017, the SRT Deputy Director stated that the new rolling livestock would be tendered and a compress signed by the end of 2017. however, in January 2018 the SRT stated that the purchase would be delayed until the finalization of the Eastern high speed trace tender as rolling stock for this line would be used on the gallop ARL. [ 24 ]
Stations [edit ]
extension to Don Mueang Airport [edit ]
Since its origin, the ARL was intended to be extended north to the fresh SRT Bang Sue Intercity Terminal ( under structure ) and ultimately Don Mueang Airport ( DMK ). This would use the SRT Dark Red Line and main SRT north line corridor. [ 25 ] The 21.8 kilometer ( 13.5 mile ) extension—3.5 kilometer ( 2.2 mile ) underground and 18.3 kilometer ( 11.4 nautical mile ) elevated—would consist of five stations beyond the stream end point at Phaya Thai : Ratchawithi ( underground ), Bang Sue Central, Bang Khen, Laksi, and Don Mueang. originally, it was thought that work on the extension would not commence until after 2016. however, the Thai Cabinet designated a two-airport policy in March 2012 encouraging airlines, peculiarly low-cost carriers, to move to Don Mueang Airport. [ 26 ] This resulted in an advance of the ARL extension timeline. [ 27 ] The SRT budgeted for the extension in its 2013 budget and the 27 billion baht elongation was planned to be tendered in the latter half of 2013. The political crisis in the last three months of 2013 and early-2014 delayed any further advancement of the project. The military coup d’etat of May 2014 resulted in a military administration which did not fund the project in 2014. The ARL was intended to be the spine of a future gamey amphetamine rail argumentation ( HSR ) to Chonburi and Rayong – primitively scheduled to be completed by 2018. The military coup d’etat of May 2014 subsequently resulted in deferring all HSR line proposals for a period of two years. construction resumed along the promote pipeline to the station at Don Mueang International Airport in late 2016. In February 2015, the Thai Cabinet approved a budget for land annexation with the expectation that the extension would be tendered late in 2015. [ 28 ] however, this did not occur and there was no advance on the project in 2016. In 2017 that the Thai Government decided that the modern Eastern high amphetamine argumentation would originate at Don Mueang Airport, and not Bang Sue Terminal. therefore, this project effectively became the ARL extension to Don Mueang Airport as it will use the ARL track and stations. In early 2018, the SRT stated that the Eastern HSR line segment from Phaya Thai to Bang Sue and Don Mueang Airport is expected to be tendered by May 2018 with a 4 months auction period before the successful bidder is awarded. [ 29 ] The monetary value of the project is estimated to be over 200 billion baht, of which the Thai Government will fund 123 billion baht and the private sector estimated to contribute 90 billion baht. [ 30 ] As of April 2020, the Don Mueang–Suvarnabhumi–U-Tapao rail connection was still described as is a “ project railroad track ”. It has been envisaged to partially run as a high-speed lineage. [ 31 ] In October 2021, state authorities announced that the connection connecting all three airports will be ready in four years. [ 32 ]
Airport extension [edit ]
passive provision is being made for an propagation of the track link to a future second end at Suvarnabhumi Airport. [ citation needed ] The Suvarnabhumi second terminal place will be on prime deck before the Suvarnabhumi station that is on underground floor .
gallery [edit ]
- Network map
- Inside a City Line Train
- An Express Line Train
- A City Line Train
- A caravan at Phaya Thai
See besides [edit ]
Notes [edit ]
- Express Services will resume once until the extension is completed .