Michael Bay – Wikipedia

American film director and manufacturer ( bear 1965 )

Michael Benjamin Bay ( hold February 17, 1965 ) [ 1 ] is an american movie director and manufacturer. He is adept known for making big-budget, high-concept action films characterized by debauched cut, stylistic filming and visuals, and across-the-board use of special effects, including patronize depictions of explosions. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] The films he has produced and directed, which include Armageddon ( 1998 ), Pearl Harbor ( 2001 ) and the Transformers movie series ( 2007–present ), have grossed over US $ 7.8 billion cosmopolitan, making him one of the most commercially successful directors in history. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] He is co-founder of commercial product house The Institute, a.k.a. The Institute for the Development of Enhanced Perceptual Awareness. [ 6 ] He co-owns Platinum Dunes, a production sign of the zodiac which has remade repugnance films, including The Texas Chainsaw Massacre ( 2003 ), The Amityville Horror ( 2005 ), The Hitcher ( 2007 ), Friday the 13th ( 2009 ) and A Nightmare on Elm Street ( 2010 ). [ 7 ]

Despite his commercial achiever at the box office, Bay ‘s exercise is generally held in low think of by film critics. While The Rock ( 1996 ), Transformers ( 2007 ), 13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi ( 2016 ), and Ambulance ( 2022 ) received moderately positive reviews, most of his other films, particularly the four Transformers sequels, have been received negatively by critics .

early life

Bay was born in Los Angeles. He was raised by his adoptive parents Harriet, a bookshop owner and child psychiatrist, and Jim, a CPA. [ 8 ] He was raised Jewish. [ 9 ] [ 10 ] [ 11 ] His grandfather was from Russia. [ 12 ] His cousin, Susan Bay, is the widow of Star Trek actor Leonard Nimoy ( whom he finally cast as the voice actor for Sentinel Prime in Transformers: Dark of the Moon ). [ 13 ] He attended the exclusive Crossroads School in Santa Monica, California. [ 14 ] Bay often traces his interest in legal action films back to an incidental during his childhood. As a son, he attached some firecrackers to a toy train and filmed the ensuing ardent disaster with his mother ‘s 8 millimeter television camera. The fire department was called and he was grounded. [ 15 ]


Bay got his beginning in the movie diligence interning with George Lucas when he was 15, filing the storyboards for Raiders of the Lost Ark, which he thought was going to be severe. His impression changed after seeing it in the field and he was then impress by the know that he decided to become a film conductor. [ 16 ] He graduated from Wesleyan University in 1986, majoring in both English and film. [ 17 ] [ 18 ] He was a member of the Psi Upsilon fraternity and a front-runner scholar of film historian Jeanine Basinger. [ 19 ] For his graduate work, he attended Art Center College of Design in Pasadena where he besides studied film. [ 20 ] Bay began working at Propaganda Films, directing commercials and music videos, two weeks after finishing his graduate degree. [ 20 ] His 90-second World War II –inspired Coca-Cola ad was picked up by Capitol Records. His first national commercial was for the Red Cross, which won a Clio Award in 1992. [ 21 ] [ 22 ] He directed Goodby, Silverstein & Partners ‘ “ Got Milk ? ” ad campaign for the California Milk Processors Board in 1993, which besides won a Grand Prix Clio Award for Commercial of the Year. [ 23 ] [ 24 ] Bay ‘s achiever in music video recording gained the attention of producers Jerry Bruckheimer and Don Simpson, who selected him to direct his first feature-length film, Bad Boys. It was shot in Miami in 1994 and starred Will Smith and Martin Lawrence. The action film was a break function for Smith, who was making a passage from television at the time. Shooting in Miami was a adept know for Bay, who would late own a home in the city and spend a great deal of clock there. [ 25 ] The film was completed for $ 19 million and grossed a noteworthy $ 141 million in the summer of 1995. [ 26 ] Bay ‘s achiever led to a strong partnership and friendship with Jerry Bruckheimer. [ 27 ] His follow-up film, The Rock ( 1996 ), an action movie set on Alcatraz Island and in the San Francisco Bay sphere, starred Sean Connery, Nicolas Cage and Ed Harris. It was produced by Jerry Bruckheimer and Don Simpson, the latter of whom died five months before its release. The film is dedicated to him. [ 28 ] Connery and Cage won ‘Best On-Screen Duo ‘ at the MTV Movie Awards in 1997, and the film was nominated for an Academy Award in the Best Achievement in Sound category for the function of Greg P. Russell, Kevin O’Connell and Keith A. Wester. [ 29 ] [ 30 ] After the success of The Rock, Bay established his production company Bay Films, with a two-picture deal with Disney .
In 1998, Bay again collaborated with Jerry Bruckheimer, this time as a co-producer, arsenic well as directing the action-adventure film Armageddon. [ 31 ] [ 32 ] The film, about a group of rugged oil drillers who are sent by NASA to deflect an asteroid from a collision naturally with Earth, starred Bruce Willis, Billy Bob Thornton, Ben Affleck and Liv Tyler. It was nominated for four Oscars at the 71st Academy Awards, including Best Sound, Best Visual Effects, Best Sound Editing and Best Original Song. [ 33 ] It earned $ 9.6 million on its open day and $ 36.5 million through the first weekend. [ 34 ] Its budget of $ 140 million was one of the highest of the summer of 1998. It went on to gross over $ 553 million global, the highest-grossing film of that year. [ 35 ] In 2001, Bay directed Pearl Harbor, starring Ben Affleck, Josh Hartnett, Kate Beckinsale and Cuba Gooding, Jr. It was released on Memorial Day weekend in 2001, again produced by Bay with Jerry Bruckheimer. It received four Academy Award nominations, including Best Sound, Best Visual Effects, Best Sound Editing and Best Song. Kevin O’Connell received another nomination for Best Sound, but did not win. Pearl Harbor acquire in the class for Sound Editing, making it Bay ‘s inaugural ( and, to date, only ) movie to win an Oscar. [ 36 ] Bay besides directed the music video for the nominate track “ There You ‘ll Be ” by vocal music artist Faith Hill. [ 20 ] Bay reteamed with Will Smith and Martin Lawrence for Bad Boys II, a sequel that was Bay ‘s fifth collaboration with Jerry Bruckheimer. It grossed $ 138 million domestically, adequate to cover the production budget, and $ 273 million cosmopolitan, about doubly angstrom much as the first movie. In 2005, Bay directed The Island, a science fiction film starring Ewan McGregor and Scarlett Johansson. It was the first film Bay made without Jerry Bruckheimer as a manufacturer. It cost $ 126 million to produce and earned $ 36 million domestically and $ 127 million oversea, for a entire of $ 163 million. Bay said that he was not comfortable with the domestic marketing campaign, as it confused the consultation about the film ‘s true subjugate. [ 37 ]
Transformers, New Mexico, May 2006 alcove on the fix of, New Mexico, May 2006 In 2007, he teamed up with executive producer Steven Spielberg to direct Transformers, a exist action film based on the Transformers franchise. Released in July 2007, by November of that year it had made over $ 709 million worldwide. [ 38 ] Bay returned as director and administrator producer for Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen, which was released on June 24, 2009 and grossed over $ 832 million global. Although it received largely negative reviews by critics, [ 39 ] including aggressively critical reviews by American film critics such as Roger Ebert, [ 40 ] Michael Phillips [ 41 ] and David Denby ( who referred to Bay as “ spectacularly, about viciously, untalented ” ), [ 42 ] the film was well received by its intended consultation and one of the highest-grossing of 2009. [ 43 ] [ 44 ] In 2010, it earned seven Golden Raspberry Award nominations, and won three : Worst Picture, Worst Director and Worst Screenplay. [ 45 ] It was besides one of the best sell DVD and Blu-ray Discs of 2009, second merely to Twilight in DVD format, and the # 1 of all time in Blu-ray format until it was surpassed by Blu-ray sales of James Cameron ‘s Avatar in April 2010. [ 46 ] [ 47 ] [ 48 ] Bay directed Transformers: Dark of the Moon, released on June 29, 2011, [ 49 ] which grossed $ 1.123 billion globally. [ 50 ] His future film was a relatively small one he had been developing for years, called Pain & Gain. [ 51 ] The genuine crime fib, based on events described in a Miami New Times article [ 52 ] by Pete Collins, concerns a group of bumbling bodybuilders working together to commit a looting. [ 53 ] It starred Mark Wahlberg, Dwayne Johnson, Anthony Mackie, Tony Shalhoub and Ed Harris .
Bay produced DreamWorks ‘ I Am Number Four, based on a series of novels by Pittacus Lore published by HarperCollins Children ‘s Books. D. J. Caruso ( Eagle Eye, Disturbia ) directed. [ 54 ] [ 55 ] A one-fourth Bay-directed Transformers movie, Transformers: Age of Extinction, was released in June 2014. [ 56 ] Starring Mark Wahlberg, it earned $ 1.1 billion at the ball-shaped box function. [ 57 ] On January 12, 2016, Paramount Pictures released 13 Hours, which Bay produced and directed, based on the 2012 Benghazi attack. While the lowest-grossing film of Bay ‘s career at the box office, it went on to massive DVD sales on its digital passing in May 2016, earning over $ 40 million in base video recording gross. [ 58 ] On May 23, 2017, Bay was honored with his own hand-and-footprint ceremony at The TCL Chinese Theatre. His english mastiff, Rebel, put her paw in the cement with him. [ 59 ] Bay ‘s fifth Transformers film as director, Transformers: The Last Knight, was released on June 21, 2017. [ 60 ] It grossed $ 68.5 million in its five-day north american opening weekend, the franchise ‘s lowest opening, and $ 605 million global. [ 61 ] [ 62 ] In a 2016 interview with Rolling Stone, Bay said it would be his final Transformers film as director. [ 63 ] In 2018, it was announced that Bay would direct the Netflix action thriller movie 6 Underground, starring Ryan Reynolds, Mélanie Laurent, Manuel Garcia-Rulfo, Adria Arjona, Corey Hawkins, Ben Hardy and Dave Franco. [ 64 ] It was released on December 13, 2019. [ 65 ] In August 2019, Bay signed to direct the action film Black Five for Sony Pictures. [ 66 ] however, the film, which was set to begin product in 2020, was put on hold because of the COVID-19 pandemic, and Bay subsequently moved on to direct Ambulance. [ 67 ] Bay produced the pandemic-themed thriller Songbird starting Demi Moore, Craig Robinson, Paul Walter Hauser and Peter Stormare. [ 68 ] He is set to direct the dystopian thriller Little America, which was scheduled to film in California erstwhile in 2020. [ 69 ] In 2021, it was reported that Bay requested fiscal recompense from film studio Paramount Pictures for indirectly limiting his income as a result of Paramount cutting the theatrical-only ladder of A Quiet Place Part II from 90 to 45 days due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Bay, and other producers vitamin a well as actors for the film, as is typically the case, receive payment in region based on box-office performance, and a reduction in the theatrical move ‘s exclusivity affected the pay they received. [ 70 ]

Bay ‘s following film was 2022 ‘s Ambulance, starring Jake Gyllenhaal, Yahya Abdul-Mateen II, and Eiza González. It follows two trust robbers who hijack an ambulance and take two hostages. Shot during the COVID-19 pandemic in Los Angeles, [ 71 ] it was released in the US on April 8, 2022 by Universal Pictures. [ 72 ]

production and effects companies

Platinum Dunes

Bay founded production theater Platinum Dunes with fellow producers Brad Fuller and Andrew Form in 2001. [ 73 ]

Digital Domain

Bay and Wyndcrest Holdings, a Florida-based investment tauten, acquired the digital effects company Digital Domain from James Cameron and Stan Winston in 2006, infusing the struggling business with a $ 50 million investment. Digital Domain considered an initial populace offer in 2009 but withdrew the offer due to lack of concern. It was sold to the production group Beijing Galloping Horse in 2012. [ 74 ]

The Institute

After leaving Propaganda Films, Bay and producer Scott Gardenhour, besides once at Propaganda, formed The Institute for the Development of Enhanced Perceptual Awareness ( now known as The Institute ), to produce commercials and other projects. Through The Institute, Bay has directed and produced spots for Victoria ‘s Secret, Lexus, Budweiser, Reebok, Mercedes-Benz, and Nike. One of his Victoria ‘s Secret ads was for the 2009 “ A Thousand Fantasies ” vacation crusade. [ 75 ]

451 Media Group

Bay co-founded 451 Media Group with Doug Nunes ( who serves as CEO ), and with John and Anthony Gentile, who previously marketed brands such as Micronauts, Visionaries, Sky Dancers and the Power Glove. In 2015, the company announced an synergistic publish division to offer “ augment world “ content from printed graphic novels with digital television. The graphic novels employ Touchcode engineering from T+ink ( previously used in the Power Glove ), in which ink used in the print process unlock access to exclusive content that is housed on the Machinima Network, which is transferred to users ‘ touch-screen-enabled mobile devices when the printed books are touched to those devices. The company ‘s premier slate of graphic novels was unveiled at the October 2015 New York Comic-Con. The creators involved included Scott Rosenberg, Skip Woods, George Pelecanos, Mark Mallouk, Clay McLeod Chapman and Peter and Paul Williams. [ 76 ] [ 77 ] [ 78 ] [ 79 ]

Rogue Initiative

In June 2016, Bay joined The Rogue Initiative, [ 80 ] a production studio and technology company, as a strategic adviser and stakeholder. The studio merges Hollywood product with interactional endowment to generate story-driven capacity for games, mobile, virtual reality, interracial reality, television and have film. As part of the partnership, Bay will develop and direct a multiplatform action-adventure bet on and cinematic VR experiences, based on an original IP conceived by him .

personal life sentence

Bay lives in Miami with his three English mastiffs, named for characters in his films. As a boy, he donated his Bar Mitzvah money to an animal protection and frequently includes his dogs in his films. Bonecrusher appeared as Mikaela ‘s dog “ Bones ” in Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen. Mason, his first English mastiff, was named for John Patrick Mason, played by Sean Connery in The Rock. [ 81 ] Mason appeared as Marcus ‘s chase in Bad Boys II and as Miles ‘ frank in Transformers ; he died during production of the latter film in March 2007. [ 82 ] [ 83 ] Bay is not married and has no children. [ 84 ] He previously dated sports announcer Lisa Dergan. [ 81 ] In a 2016 Rolling Stone interview, Bay said that his internet worth was around $ 500 million. [ 85 ] [ 86 ] He owned a $ 50 million Gulfstream G550 jet, arsenic well as a Bentley, a Range Rover, an Escalade, a Ferrari, a Lamborghini, and two Camaros from the Transformers franchise. [ 85 ]


critical reception

His movies look like a more compress, cartoonish messy version of films by british commercial directors like Adrian Lyne and Ridley and Tony Scott. He packs each frame with baroque detail and floods the riddle with light and smog ; he prefers extreme across-the-board angles or punishingly tight telephotograph close-ups, which make each blast dense enough to burst .

— Matt Zoller Seitz writing in The New York Times, 1996. [ 87 ]
Despite his box agency achiever, Bay ‘s work has been ill received by movie critics, and his name is frequently used pejoratively in art-house circles. [ 88 ] Bay has responded to his critics, saying : “ I make movies for adolescent boys. Oh, beloved, what a crime. ” [ 89 ] Besides accusing him of making films that pander to a new demographic, critics and audiences have been critical of elements of Bay ‘s filmmaking manner such as the overuse of Dutch angles, extreme patriotism, juvenile humor, excessive product placement, [ 90 ] oversaturated orange and teal color marking, [ 91 ] reusing footage from his previous films, [ 92 ] and his predilection of military action and spectacle over story and characters. [ 93 ] [ 94 ] [ 95 ] Another point of controversy with Bay ‘s films is his portrayal and use of offensive racial stereotypes as comedic easing ; a celebrated alleged exercise being the characters Skids and Mudflap in Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen. [ 96 ] Bay has besides been accused of heavily objectifying women in his films, with critics describing Bay ‘s manner of filming actresses as “ lascivious ” and “ pornographic ”. He has faced criticism for routinely making sexist remarks and showing female characters in a stereotyped light. [ 97 ] He came under scrutiny for firing Megan Fox in retaliation [ 98 ] after she made comments about him mistreating her on the bent of the Transformers films and compared him to Hitler and Napoleon. [ 94 ] [ 99 ] [ 100 ] Bay reportedly enlisted the crowd of Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen to publish an assailable letter in his defense that referred to Fox as, among other things, “ Ms. Sourpants ”, “ pornography star ”, “ unfriendly gripe ”, and “ dumb-as-a-rock ”. [ 98 ] In 2009, it was reported that Fox, at the age of 15, was made to wash Bay ‘s car while auditioning for Transformers. [ 101 ] [ 102 ] In 2020, Fox revisited the incident and denied that she was underaged ( for Transformers ) or “ made to ‘wash ‘ or work on person ‘s cars in a means that was extraneous from the materials in the actual script. ” [ 103 ] however, Fox was 15 when she beginning appeared as a bikini-clad supernumerary in the Bay film Bad Boys II. [ 98 ] Actress Kate Beckinsale besides spoke out publicly by reporting that she was body-shamed and regularly knock for her appearance by Bay during the produce of Pearl Harbor. [ 99 ] [ 100 ] Six of Bay ‘s films have been nominated for the Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Picture and Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Director ( Armageddon, Pearl Harbor, Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen, Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Transformers: Age of Extinction and Transformers: The Last Knight ), with Revenge of the Fallen and Age of Extinction winning the award for “ Worst Director ”. Revenge of the Fallen besides became the first film by Bay and besides the highest-grossing film to be awarded “ bad picture ” .



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