1997 illusion novel by J. K. Rowling

Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone is a illusion novel written by british generator J. K. Rowling. The first base novel in the Harry Potter series and Rowling ‘s debut novel, it follows Harry Potter, a young sorcerer who discovers his charming inheritance on his eleventh birthday, when he receives a letter of acceptance to Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Harry makes conclude friends and a few enemies during his first class at the school and with the avail of his friends, he faces an undertake rejoinder by the colored ace Lord Voldemort, who killed Harry ‘s parents, but failed to kill Harry when he was just 15 months old.

The book was first published in the United Kingdom on 26 June 1997 by Bloomsbury. It was published in the United States the following class by pedant Corporation under the championship Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. It won most of the british koran awards that were judged by children and other awards in the US. The book reached the top of the New York Times tilt of best-selling fabrication in August 1999 and stayed near the circus tent of that list for much of 1999 and 2000. It has been translated into at least 73 other languages and has been made into a feature-length film of the lapp name, as have all six of its sequels. The novel has sold in excess of 120 million copies, making it the third base best-selling novel of all prison term. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Most reviews were identical favorable, commenting on Rowling ‘s : imagination, temper, simple, address style and apt plot structure, although a few complained that the final chapters seemed rushed. The writing has been compared to that of Jane Austen, one of Rowling ‘s favorite authors ; Roald Dahl, whose works dominated children ‘s stories before the appearance of Harry Potter and the Ancient Greek story-teller Homer. While some commentators thought the book looked backwards to victorian and edwardian boarding school stories, others thought it placed the writing style firm in the mod universe by featuring contemporary ethical and social issues, equally well as overcoming obstacles like bullies. Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, along with the rest of the Harry Potter series, has been attacked by some religious groups and banned in some countries because of accusations that the novels promote witchcraft under the guise of a expansive, moral floor. [ citation needed ] other religious commentators have written that the book exemplifies significant viewpoints, including the ability of selflessness and the ways in which people ‘s decisions shape their personalities. [ citation needed ] The series has been used as a source of object lessons in educational techniques, sociological analysis and commercialize .

outline [edit ]

plot [edit ]

Harry Potter lives with his abusive aunt and uncle, Vernon and Petunia Dursley and their bullying son, Dudley. On Harry ‘s eleventh birthday, a half-giant named Rubeus Hagrid personally delivers an adoption letter to Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, revealing that Harry ‘s parents, James and Lily Potter, were wizards. When Harry was one class old, an evil and herculean night sorcerer, Lord Voldemort, murdered his parents. Harry survived Voldemort ‘s killing curse that rebounded off his frontal bone and apparently destroyed the Dark Lord, leaving a lightning bolt-shaped scar on his frontal bone. Unknown to Harry, he is celebrated in the wizarding world. Hagrid takes Harry to Diagon Alley, the concealed charming commerce and retail section in London. Harry ‘s parents have left him a fortune prevent in Gringotts Wizarding Bank. Harry buy school supplies and a wand from Ollivander. The cores of Harry and Lord Voldemort ‘s wands have feathers from the same phoenix boo, making them “ brothers ”. Hagrid gives Harry an owl that he names Hedwig. A month former, Harry boards the Hogwarts Express at King ‘s Cross railway station ‘s hidden platform 9¾. On the travel to Hogwarts, Harry befriends fellow freshman Ronald Weasley and meets Hermione Granger, who the two boys initially dislike. Harry runs afoul of freshman scholar, Draco Malfoy. At Hogwarts, a charming Sorting Hat sorts the first-years among four school Houses ( Gryffindor, Slytherin, Hufflepuff and Ravenclaw ) that best become their personalities and talents. Draco joins Slytherin, known for dark wizards, while Harry, Ron, and Hermione are sorted into Gryffindor. Harry ‘s broomstick flying ability earns him a place on the Gryffindor Quidditch team as the Seeker. Harry comes to dislike Potions master Severus Snape, who favours Slytherin while seeking to fail Harry. Malfoy tricks Harry and Ron into risking extrusion by leaving their coarse room after curfew. Hermione, ineffective to stop them, tag along. Realising Malfoy ‘s ruse, they hide in a forbidden corridor and discover a gigantic three-headed cad guarding a trapdoor. Ron and Harry late save Hermione from a troll during the school ‘s Halloween celebration and the three become best friends. Coupled with Snape ‘s holocene leg wound and fishy demeanor, Harry, Hermione and Ron believe he is attempting to enter the trapdoor. Hermione warns the boys against investigating far and rather directs Harry ‘s attention to his first Quidditch match. His broomstick ‘s attempts to buck him off and Snape ‘s foreign behavior during the match convinces Hermione he jinxed Harry ‘s broom. Harry receives an anonymous Christmas endowment – his beget ‘s invisibility cloak. Using it to explore the school, he discovers the Mirror of Erised, which shows what the viewer most desires. Harry sees his parents. The trio read a newspaper reputation about an attempted looting at Gringotts Bank and the same vault from which Hagrid retrieved an item for the school ‘s headmaster Albus Dumbledore. They suspect the object below the trapdoor is the philosopher ‘s stone, which grants its user immortality and the ability to turn any alloy into pure aureate. A forest centaur named Firenze warns Harry that Voldemort is plotting to steal the stone to restore his body. When Dumbledore is lured from Hogwarts under false pretences, Harry, Hermione and Ron fear the larceny is at hand and descend through the trapdoor. A series of obstacles force Ron and Hermione to remain behind while Harry proceeds. Harry encounters Professor Quirrell, the Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher, who reveals that he jinxed Harry ‘s broom and let the troll into the school ; Snape was protecting Harry. Voldemort, whose side is attached to the back of Quirrell ‘s head, is using Quirrell to obtain the philosopher ‘s stone. Harry is forced to stand before the Mirror of Erised. It recognises Harry ‘s lack of greed for the stone and deposits it into his scoop. Quirrell attempts to seize the stone and kill Harry, but his human body burns upon contact with him. Harry ‘s scar begins hurting and he passes out. Harry awakens in the school ‘s hospital. Dumbledore explains Harry survived Voldemort because his mother sacrificing her life for him left a charming protective charm. Quirrell ‘s hatred and greed caused him to burn upon contact with Harry ; Voldemort abandoned him to die. Dumbledore reveals he sent Harry the invisibility cloak, while the philosopher ‘s pit, that had been keeping the durable Nicolas Flamel alive, has been destroyed to prevent it being stolen. During the school ‘s year-end banquet, Gryffindor is awarded the House Cup. Harry returns to the Dursleys at Privet Drive until the adjacent school year .

Characters [edit ]

early members of staff include : the dumpy Herbology teacher and Head of Hufflepuff House Professor Sprout, Professor Flitwick, the bantam and excitable Charms teacher and Head of Ravenclaw House, the soporific History of Magic teacher, Professor Binns, a ghost who does not seem to have noticed his own death, and Madam Hooch, the Quidditch coach, who is hard-and-fast, but a considerate and methodical teacher. The poltergeist Peeves wanders around the castle causing worry wherever he can. In the script, Rowling introduces an eclectic cast of characters. The first character to be introduced is Vernon Dursley, Harry ‘s uncle. Most of the actions centre on the eponymous champion Harry Potter, an orphan who escapes his miserable childhood with the Dursley family. Rowling imagined him as a “ scrawny, dark-haired, bespectacled male child who did n’t know he was a charming ” [ 3 ] and says she transferred part of her pain about losing her mother to him. [ 9 ] During the book, Harry makes two close friends, Ronald Weasley and Hermione Granger. Ron is described by Rowling as the ultimate best supporter, “ constantly there when you need him ”. [ 5 ] Rowling has described Hermione as a “ identical logical, good and good ” character [ 6 ] with “ a batch of insecurity and a great fear of failure beneath her swottiness ”. [ 6 ] Rowling besides imagined a supporting cast of adults. The headmaster of Hogwarts is the mighty, but kind sorcerer Albus Dumbledore, who becomes Harry ‘s confidant. Rowling described him as “ prototype of good ”. [ 7 ] His right hand is severe Minerva McGonagall, who according to the generator “ under that gruff outside ” is “ a bite of an old softy ”, [ 8 ] the friendly half-giant Rubeus Hagrid, who saved Harry from the Dursley family and the sinister Severus Snape. [ 10 ] Professor Quirrell is besides featured in the fresh. The main antagonists are Draco Malfoy, an elitist, bullying schoolmate, [ 11 ] and Lord Voldemort, the most mighty malefic ace who becomes disembodied when he tries to kill baby Harry. According to a 1999 consultation with Rowling, the character of Voldemort was created as a literary foil for Harry and his backstory was intentionally not fleshed-out at first :

The basic idea … Harry, I saw Harry identical identical very intelligibly. identical vividly. And I knew he did n’t know he was a sorcerer. [ … ] And so then I kind of work backwards from that position to find out how that could be, that he would n’t know what he was. [ … ] When he was one year erstwhile, the most evil charming for hundreds and hundreds of years attempted to kill him. He killed Harry ‘s parents, and then he tried to kill Harry—he tried to curse him. [ … ] And—so—but for some cryptic cause, the curse did n’t work on Harry. So he ‘s left with this lightning bolt shaped scar on his brow and the curse rebounded upon the evil sorcerer, who has been in hiding ever since. [ 4 ]

Development, publication and reception [edit ]

Development [edit ]

The book, which was Rowling ‘s debut novel, was written between approximately June 1990 and some time in 1995. In 1990, Jo Rowling, as she preferred to be known, [ a ] wanted to move with her boyfriend to a flat in Manchester and in her words, “ One weekend after flat hunt, I took the trail spinal column to London on my own and the idea for Harry Potter fell into my head … A scrawny, little, dark-haired, bespectacled male child became more and more of a charming to me … I began to write Philosopher’s Stone that very evening. Although, the first match of pages look nothing like the end product. ” [ 9 ] then, Rowling ‘s mother died and, to cope with her annoyance, Rowling transferred her own pain to the orphan Harry. [ 9 ] Rowling spend six years working on Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone and after it was accepted by Bloomsbury, she obtained a grant of £8,000 from the scottish Arts Council, which enabled her to plan the sequels. [ 15 ] She sent the book to an agent and a publisher and then the second agent she approached spend a year trying to sell the book to publishers, most of whom thought it was besides hanker at about 90,000 words. Barry Cunningham, who was building a portfolio of distinctive fantasies by new authors for Bloomsbury Children ‘s Books, recommended accepting the reserve [ 16 ] and the eight-year-old daughter of Bloomsbury ‘s chief executive said it was “ so much better than anything else ”. [ 17 ]

publication and reception in the United Kingdom [edit ]

Bloomsbury accepted the book, paying Rowling a £2,500 advance [ 18 ] and Cunningham sent proof copies to cautiously chosen authors, critics and booksellers in rate to obtain comments that could be quoted when the ledger was launched. [ 16 ] He was less concerned about the record ‘s duration than about its generator ‘s name, since the title sounded like a boys ‘ book to him and he believed boys preferred books by male authors. Rowling consequently adopted the penitentiary identify J.K. Rowling just before publication. [ 16 ] In June 1997, Bloomsbury published Philosopher’s Stone with an initial print race of 500 copies in hardbacked, three hundred of which were distributed to libraries. [ 19 ] Her master identify, “ Joanne Rowling ”, can be found on the copyright page of all british editions until September 1999. ( The 1998 first american edition would remove mention to “ Joanne ” wholly. ) [ 20 ] The short-change initial print hunt was standard for first novels and Cunningham hoped booksellers would read the book and recommend it to customers. [ 16 ] Examples from this initial print run have sold for american samoa much as US $ 471,000 in a 2021 Heritage auction. [ 21 ] Thomas Taylor created the cover for the first edition. [ 16 ] Lindsey Fraser, who had previously supplied one of the endorsement comments, [ 16 ] wrote what is thought to be the first published reappraisal, in The Scotsman on 28 June 1997. She described Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone as “ a enormously harbor thriller ” and Rowling as “ a first-rate writer for children ”. [ 16 ] [ 22 ] Another early follow-up, in The Herald, said : ” I have yet to find a child who can put it down. ” Newspapers outside Scotland started to notice the book, with radiance reviews in The Guardian and The Sunday Times and in September 1997 Books for Keeps, a magazine that specialised in children ‘s books, gave the fresh four stars out of five. [ 16 ] Sunday Times said : ” comparisons to Dahl are, this time, justify ”, while The Guardian called it “ a high textured novel given lift-off by an imaginative wag ” and The Scotsman said it had “ all the makings of a authoritative ”. [ 16 ] In 1997 the UK edition won a National Book Award and a gold decoration in the 9- to 11-year-olds class of the Nestlé Smarties Book Prize. [ 23 ] The Smarties award, which is voted for by children, made the reserve well known within six months of publication, while most children ‘s books have to wait for years. [ 16 ] The succeed class, Philosopher’s Stone won about all the early major british awards that were decided by children. [ 16 ] [ b-complex vitamin ] It was besides shortlisted for children ‘s books awards adjudicated by adults, [ 24 ] but did not win. Sandra Beckett commented that books that were popular with children were regarded as undemanding and as not of the highest literary standards – for example, the literary establishment disdained the works of Dahl, an overwhelm front-runner of children before the appearance of Rowling ‘s books. [ 25 ] In 2003, the novel was listed at issue 22 on the BBC ‘s survey The Big Read. [ 26 ] Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone won two publish diligence awards given for sales preferably than literary merit, the british Book Awards Children ‘s Book of the year and the Booksellers ‘ Association / Bookseller Author of the Year. [ 16 ] By March 1999 UK editions had sold just over 300,000 copies [ 27 ] and the fib was still the UK ‘s best-selling claim in December 2001. [ 28 ] A Braille edition was published in May 1998 by the Scottish Braille Press. [ 29 ] chopine 9+3⁄4, from which the Hogwarts Express left London, was commemorated in the real-life King ‘s Cross railroad track station with a sign of the zodiac and a streetcar apparently passing through the wall. [ 30 ]

U.S. publication and reception [edit ]

UK to American translation examples[31][32]
UK American
mum, mam mom
sherbet lemon lemon drop
motorbike motorcycle
chips fries
crisp chip
jelly Jell-O
jacket potato baked potato
jumper sweater

scholastic Corporation bought the U.S. rights at the Bologna Book Fair in April 1997 for US $ 105,000, an unusually high union for a children ‘s book. [ 16 ] Scholastic ‘s Arthur Levine thought that “ philosopher ” sounded excessively archaic for readers [ 33 ] and after some discussion ( including the proposed title “ Harry Potter and the School of Magic ” [ 34 ] ), the american edition was published in September 1998 [ 35 ] under the title Rowling suggested, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. [ 16 ] Rowling subsequently said that she regretted this change and would have fought it if she had been in a stronger position at the time. [ 12 ] Philip Nel has pointed out that the change lost the connection with alchemy and the mean of some other terms changed in translation, for exercise from “ crumpet “ to “ muffin “. While Rowling accepted the deepen from both the british English “ mum ” and Seamus Finnigan ‘s Irish variant “ mam ” to the American random variable “ ma ” in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, she vetoed this change in the later books, which was then reversed in by and by editions of Philosopher’s Stone. however, Nel considered that Scholastic ‘s translations were well more sensitive than most of those imposed on british English books of the time and that some other changes could be regarded as utilitarian copyedits. [ 31 ] Since the UK editions of early titles in the series were published months prior to the american versions, some american readers became conversant with the british English versions owing to having bought them from on-line retailers. [ 36 ] At first the most esteemed reviewers ignored the book, leaving it to book trade and library publications such as Kirkus Reviews and Booklist, which examined it only by the entertainment-oriented criteria of children ‘s fiction. however, more penetrate specialist reviews ( such as one by Cooperative Children’s Book Center Choices, which noted complexity, depth and consistency in the world that Rowling had built ) attracted the care of reviewers in major newspapers. [ 37 ] Although The Boston Globe and Michael Winerip in The New York Times complained that the final chapters were the weakest separate of the book, [ 22 ] [ 38 ] they and most other american reviewers gave glowing praise. [ 16 ] [ 22 ] A year later, the US edition was selected as an American Library Association Notable Book, a Publishers Weekly Best Book of 1998 and a New York Public Library 1998 Best Book of the year and won Parenting Magazine’ south Book of the Year Award for 1998, [ 23 ] the School Library Journal Best Book of the class and the American Library Association Best Book for Young Adults. [ 16 ] In 2012 it was ranked total 3 on a tilt of the top 100 children ‘s novels published by School Library Journal. [ 39 ] In August 1999, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone topped the New York Times list of best-selling fiction [ 40 ] and stayed near the top of the list for a lot of 1999 and 2000, until the New York Times split its list into children ‘s and pornographic sections under pressure from other publishers who were tidal bore to see their books given higher placings. [ 25 ] [ 37 ] Publishers Weekly’ sulfur report in December 2001 on accumulative sales of children ‘s fiction placed Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone 19th among hardbacks ( over 5 million copies ) and 7th among paperbacks ( over 6.6 million copies ). [ 41 ] In May 2008, Scholastic announced the creation of a tenth Anniversary edition of the book [ 42 ] that was released on 1 October 2008 [ 43 ] to mark the tenth anniversary of the original american release. [ 42 ] For the fifteenth anniversary of the books, scholastic re-released Sorcerer’s Stone, along with the other six novels in the series, with modern cover art by Kazu Kibuishi in 2013. [ 44 ] [ 45 ] [ 46 ]

Translations [edit ]

By mid-2008, official translations of the reserve had been published in 67 languages. [ 47 ] [ 48 ] By November 2017, the book had been translated into 80 languages, the 80th being Lowland Scots. [ 49 ] Bloomsbury have published translations in Latin and in Ancient Greek, [ 50 ] [ 51 ] with the latter being described as “ one of the most authoritative pieces of Ancient Greek prose written in many centuries ”. [ 52 ]

Style and themes [edit ]

Philip Nel highlighted the influence of Jane Austen, whom Rowling has greatly admired since the age of twelve. Both novelists greatly encourage re-reading, because details that look insignificant bode authoritative events or characters much later in the story-line – for exercise Sirius Black is briefly mentioned near the begin of Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, and then becomes a major fictional character in the one-third to fifth books. Like Austen ‘s heroines, Harry much has to re-examine his ideas near the ends of books. Some social behavior in the Harry Potter books is remininiscent of Austen, for exercise the delirious communal read of letters. Both authors satirise social demeanor and give characters names that express their personalities. however in Nel ‘s public opinion Rowling ‘s liquid body substance is more based on caricature and the names she invents are more like those found in Charles Dickens ‘s stories, [ 22 ] : 13–15 and Amanda Cockrell noted that many of these express their owners ‘ traits through allusions that run from ancient Roman mythology to eighteenth-century german literature. [ 53 ] Rowling, like the Narnia series ‘ writer C.S. Lewis, thinks there is no rigid distinction between stories for children and for adults. Nel besides noted that, like many good writers for children, Rowling combines literary genres ‍—‌ fantasy, young adult fabrication, boarding school stories, Bildungsroman and many others. [ 22 ] : 51–52 Some reviewers compared Philosopher’s Stone to the stories of Roald Dahl, who died in 1990. many writers since the 1970s had been hailed as his successor, but none had attained anything near his popularity with children and, in a poll conducted soon after the launch of Philosopher’s Stone, seven of the ten-spot most popular children ‘s books were by Dahl, including the one in top put. The only early actually popular children ‘s writer of the late 1990s was an american, R. L. Stine. Some of the floor elements in Philosopher’s Stone resembled parts of Dahl ‘s stories. For example, the champion of James and the Giant Peach lost his parents and had to live with a pair of unpleasant aunts‍—‌one fat and one thin preferably like Mr. and Mrs. Dursley, who treated Harry as a handmaid. however Harry Potter was a classifiable creation, able to take on the responsibilities of an adult while remaining a child inside. [ 16 ] librarian Nancy Knapp and market professor Stephen Brown noted the liveliness and contingent of descriptions, particularly of shop scenes such as Diagon Alley. [ 23 ] [ 54 ] Tad Brennan commented that Rowling ‘s write resembles that of Homer : “ rapid, plain, and direct in expression. ” [ 52 ] Stephen King admired “ the sort of playful details of which entirely british fantasists seem able ” and concluded that they worked because Rowling enjoys a quick giggle and then moves briskly forward. [ 55 ] Nicholas Tucker described the early Harry Potter books as looking back to Victorian and Edwardian children ‘s stories : Hogwarts was an old-style boarding school in which the teachers addressed pupils formally by their surnames and were most concerned with the reputations of the houses with which they were associated ; characters ‘ personalities were plainly shown by their appearances, starting with the Dursleys ; evil or malicious characters were to be crushed rather than reformed, including Argus Filch ‘s cat Mrs Norris ; and the hero, a mistreated orphan who found his true invest in life, was charismatic and estimable at sports, but considerate and protective towards the weak. [ 56 ] Several early commentators have stated that the books present a highly class-conscious society including many social stereotypes. [ 57 ] however Karin Westerman drew parallels with 1990s Britain : a class organization that was breaking down but defend by those whose power and status it upheld ; the multiethnic constitution of Hogwarts ‘ students ; the racial tensions between the assorted intelligent species ; and school browbeat. [ 58 ] Susan Hall wrote that there is no rule of police in the books, as the actions of Ministry of Magic officials are unconstrained by laws, accountability or any kind of legal challenge. This provides an opportunity for Voldemort to offer his own awful version of order. As a side-effect Harry and Hermione, who were brought up in the highly regulated Muggle world, find solutions by thinking in ways unfamiliar to wizards. For exemplar, Hermione notes that one obstacle to finding the Philosopher ‘s Stone is a test of logic rather than charming office, and that most wizards have no find of solving it. [ 59 ] Nel suggested that the unflattering characterization of the extremely conventional, status -conscious, materialistic Dursleys was Rowling ‘s reaction to the kin policies of the british government in the early 1990s, which treated the marital heterosexual pair as the “ choose average ”, while the author was a single beget. Harry ‘s relationships with pornographic and juvenile wizards are based on affection and commitment. This is reflected in his happiness whenever he is a irregular member of the Weasley family throughout the series, and in his discussion of first Rubeus Hagrid and late Remus Lupin and Sirius Black as father-figures. [ 22 ] : 13–15, 47–48 [ 53 ]

bequest [edit ]

Sequels [edit ]

The moment book, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, was in the first place published in the UK on 2 July 1998 and late, in the US on 2 June 1999. [ 61 ] Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban was then published a year late in the UK on 8 July 1999 and in the US on 8 September 1999. [ 61 ] Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire was published on 8 July 2000 at the lapp time by Bloomsbury and Scholastic. [ 62 ] Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is the longest record in the series at 766 pages in the UK version and 870 pages in the US version. [ 63 ] It was published cosmopolitan in English on 21 June 2003. [ 64 ] Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince was published on 16 July 2005 and sold 11 million copies in the first 24 hours of its worldwide passing. [ 65 ] [ 66 ] The one-seventh and concluding novel, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was published on 21 July 2007. [ 67 ] The book sold 11 million copies within 24 hours of its let go of : 2.7 million copies in the UK and 8.3 million in the US. [ 68 ]

Illustrated version [edit ]

An illustrate translation of Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone was released on 6 October 2015, with illustrations by Jim Kay. [ 69 ] [ 70 ] The book carries over 100 illustrations and will be followed by illustrate versions of all seven books from the series by the same artist .

Podcast interpretation [edit ]

In May 2020, a reading podcast by Spotify was created and entitled Harry Potter at Home: Readings. Each chapter is narrated by a fame node from the Harry Potter and Wizarding World franchises. [ 71 ]

Film interpretation [edit ]

In 1999, Rowling sold the film rights of the first four Harry Potter books to Warner Bros. for a reported £1 million ( $ 1.65 million in 1999 ). [ 72 ] Rowling demanded that the principal cast be kept strictly british but allowed for the cast of irish actors such as the late Richard Harris as Dumbledore and of alien actors as characters of the lapp nationalities in late books. [ 73 ] After extensive cast, [ 74 ] filming began in September 2000 at Leavesden Film Studios and in London, with production ending in July 2001. [ 75 ] Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone was released in London on 14 November 2001. [ 76 ] [ 77 ] Reviewers ‘ comments were plus, as reflected by an 80 % Fresh rate on Rotten Tomatoes [ 78 ] and by a score of 64 % at Metacritic, representing “ generally favorable reviews ”. [ 79 ]

Video games [edit ]

Five unique video recording games by unlike developers were released between 2001 and 2003 by Electronic Arts, that were loosely based on the film and book :

Uses in education and business [edit ]

Writers on department of education and business subjects have used the script as an object lesson. Writing about clinical teaching in aesculapian schools, Jennifer Conn contrasted Snape ‘s technical expertness with his intimidating demeanor towards students. Quidditch coach Madam Hooch on the other hand, illustrated utilitarian techniques in the education of physical skills, including breaking down complex actions into sequences of childlike ones and helping students to avoid park errors. [ 94 ] Joyce Fields wrote that the books illustrate four of the five chief topics in a typical freshman sociology class : “ sociological concepts including culture, society, and socialization ; stratification and social inequality ; sociable institutions ; and sociable theory “. [ 57 ] Stephen Brown noted that the early Harry Potter books, particularly Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, were a runaway success despite inadequate and ill organized market. Brown advised marketing executives to be less preoccupied with rigorous statistical analyses and the “ analysis, planning, execution, and control ” exemplary of management. rather he recommended that they should treat the stories as “ a market masterclass ”, full of enticing products and stigmatize names. [ 54 ] For example, a real-world analogue of Bertie Bott ‘s Every Flavour Beans was introduced under license in 2000 by toymaker Hasbro. [ 54 ] [ 95 ]

Release history [edit ]

Country Release date Edition
(Hardback/Paperback)
Publisher Pages
United Kingdom 26 June 1997[96][97] Hardback Children’s Edition Bloomsbury 223
Paperback Children’s Edition
11 September 1998[98] Paperback Adult Edition (Original)
27 September 1999[99] Hardback Signature Special Edition
8 October 2001[100] Paperback Special Edition
10 July 2004[101] Hardback Adult Edition (Re-issue with new cover) 336
4 October 2004[102] Paperback Adult Edition (Re-issue with new cover) 223
1 November 2010[103] Paperback Harry Potter Signature Edition
18 July 2013[104] Paperback Adult Edition (Re-issue with new cover)
6 October 2015[105] Hardcover Illustrated Edition (Illustrated by Jim Kay) 256
United States 1 September 1998[106] Hardback Arthur A. Levine/
Scholastic
309
8 September 1999[107] Paperback
1 November 2000[108] Hardback Collector’s Edition
1 November 2001[109] Mass Market Paperback 400
September 2008[110] Paperback (Exclusive Scholastic School Market Edition) 309
1 October 2008[43] Hardback 10th Anniversary Edition
27 August 2013[111] Paperback (Re-issue with new cover) 336
6 October 2015[112] Hardcover Illustrated Edition (Illustrated by Jim Kay) 256
Canada 1 December 1998[113][114] Hardback Children’s Edition Raincoast 223
Paperback Adult Edition (Original)
1 November 1999[115] Hardback Signature Special Edition
31 August 2000[116] Paperback Children’s Edition
16 October 2002[117] Paperback Magic Edition
4 October 2004[118] Hardback Adult Edition (Re-issue with new cover) 336
12 January 2011[119][120] Paperback Adult Edition (Re-issue with new cover) Bloomsbury 223
Paperback Harry Potter Signature Edition
27 August 2013[121] Paperback Adult Edition (Re-issue with new cover)

Notes [edit ]

  1. ^[12] She says that she was always known as “Jo”.[13] The book’s copyright page gives her name as “Joanne Rowling”.[14] J.K. Rowling was christened Joanne Rowling, without a middle name, and adopted the nom de plume J.K. Rowling for publication.She says that she was always known as “ Jo ” .The book ‘s copyright page gives her name as “ Joanne Rowling ” .
  2. ^ The Children ‘s Book Award, The Young Telegraph Paperback of the Year Award, the Birmingham Cable Children ‘s Book Award and the Sheffield Children ‘s Book Award .

References [edit ]

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