Birman – Wikipedia

Breed of cat
not to be confused with burmese cat
Breed of vomit

The Birman, besides called the “ Sacred Cat of Burma ”, [ 1 ] is a domestic cat breed. The Birman is a long-haired, colour-pointed cat distinguished by a satiny coat, deep blue eyes, and contrasting white “ gloves ” on each paw. The breed name is derived from Birmanie, the french form of Burma. The Birman breed was first recognized in France by the Cat Club de France in 1925, then in England by the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy [ 2 ] ( GCCF ) in 1966 and in United States by the Cat Fanciers ‘ Association [ 1 ] ( CFA ) in 1967. It is besides recognized by the Canadian Cat Association ( CCA ) and the International Cat Association [ 3 ] ( TICA ) in 1979 .

history [edit ]

No clear record of the breed ‘s lineage exists. They are most often claimed to have originated as the companions of synagogue priests in northern Burma in the Mount of Lugh. [ 1 ] many stories exist of how the cats first came to France, including pairs of cats being given as a wages for helping defend a synagogue, or being smuggled out of Burma by a Vanderbilt. [ 1 ] [ 4 ] Another copulate of Birmans ( or a meaning female called Poupée de Maldapour ) were said to have been stolen and by and by imported to France by Thadde Haddisch. [ 5 ] The first gear traces of historical Birmans go back to a Mme Leotardi [ 6 ] in Nice, France. many believe, as legend will tell, that the breed originated in Burma ( now known as Myanmar ) among the temples of ancient times and aboard priests ; however, there are besides some that by and by believed the felines came to Europe, namely France, from somewhere in Asia, which has been spread from other legends and stories passed around arsenic well. Regardless of the numerous stories and folklore that go around, there is a incontrovertibility that the Birman kat breed was found in France a early as the 1920s, and many different stories continue to surface about the mystique that lies behind their history. [ 7 ] Birmans were about wiped out as a engender during World War II. only two cats were alert in Europe at the end of the war, a pair named Orloff and Xenia de Kaabaa, both belonging to Baudoin-Crevoisier. The foundation of the breed in postwar France were offspring of this pair. They had to be heavily outcrossed with long-hair breeds such as persian and thai to rebuild the Birman breed. By the early 1950s, arrant Birman litters were again being produced. The restore breed was recognized in Britain in 1965 and by the CFA in 1966. [ 8 ] The first Birman cats were sealing wax point. The blue sky point color was introduced in 1959 using aristocratic iranian lines. New colours were late added by English breeders including cocoa, crimson, and tabby / lynx points. [ 9 ] Birmans have besides been used in the development of new breeds such as the Ragdoll. [ 10 ]

appearance [edit ]

Birmans have a medium-sized, orthogonal body with a broad face and discrete Roman nose. Their ears are ideally as wide on the base as they are tall and should be set american samoa much on peak of the head as on the side. The eyes are round and should be a deep azure blasphemous. The Birman ‘s fur is medium-long and should have a satiny texture. Unlike a persian or Himalayan, they have no undercoat, thus are a lot less prone to matting. Coat discolor is constantly pointed, save for the contrast pure white, harmonious “ gloves ” on each paw that are the trademark of the breed. The white must involve all toes and in front must stop at the articulation or at the transition of toes to metacarpals. These gloves should extend perceptibly further up the binding of the leg ( referred to as the “ laces ” ), finishing with an inverted V extended half to three-fourths up the hock. Any other touch of ashen on the points is considered a unplayful demerit. The base body discolor is white to cream, with a wash of color that corresponds to the points, but is much pale. Recognized point colours are seal, chocolate, blue sky, lavender ( a softer silver-grey ), loss, or cream. [ 11 ] Tabby and tortie variations in cachet, chocolate, blue or lavender are besides allowed ; other colours are in development. [ 12 ]

Like all colour-point breeds, Birman kittens are born white and begin developing their points after one week if a dark color ( i.e. seal point ) and 14 days or more if the points are “ clear ” or lighter-coloured ( i.e. lilac bespeak ). Their coats do not reach entire development improving until the cats are two years honest-to-god .

genetic diversity [edit ]

The 2008 study “ The Ascent of Cat Breeds : genetic Evaluations of Breeds and Worldwide Random-bred Populations ” by Lipinski et al. found that the Birman has one of the lowest levels of genic diverseness of all the breeds studied. [ 13 ] This is no surprise given the engender history .

Health [edit ]

The most severe menace is feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ( HCM ), the most common heart disease seen in cats. In Birman cats, it is thought to be inherited as an autosomal dominant allele trait. HCM is a progressive disease and can result in heart failure, paralysis of the hind legs due to clot embolisation originating in the center, and sudden death. [ 14 ] Paltrinieri, Giraldi, Prolo, Scarpa, et al. ( 2017 ) [ 15 ] found that Birman cats have a high serum concentration of creatinine and symmetrical dimethylarginine, but most Birman cats have higher concentrations of creatinine than SDMA. Creatinine is a creatine phosphate and is produced during metamorphosis of creatine, and is excreted through micturition. SDMA is a methylated form of the amino acid arginine and is released during convention catabolisms of body proteins. Levels of creatinine and SDMA are found when Birman cats are tested for chronic kidney disease, for which they are at high risk. Birman cats are besides at risk of developing feline infectious peritonitis ; a disease that alters the nephritic function ( creatinine levels in blood and urine ) in the cats. [ 15 ] Feline audiogenic automatic seizures ( FARS ), a recently discovered type of epilepsy in cats, is believed to be peculiarly common in Birman cats. [ 16 ]

Birman naming conventions [edit ]

many Birman breeders follow the french custom of assigning all kittens born in a finical year given names that begin with the like letter of the rudiment. Countries with breeders using this convention include Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand, the U.K., and the U.S. Kittens born in 2016 would start with ‘N ‘, and in 2017 ‘ O ‘, and so on. [ 17 ]

celebrated Birman cats [edit ]

  • Choupette (born 2011), pet of fashion designer Karl Lagerfeld

References [edit ]

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