Country music – Wikipedia

Genre of American popular music

Country ( besides called country and western ) is a genre of democratic music that originated with blues, church music such as Southern gospel and spirituals, old-time, and American family music forms including appalachian, Cajun, Creole, and the cowboy Western music styles of New Mexico, Red Dirt, Tejano, and Texas country. Its popularize roots originate in the Southern and Southwestern United States of the early 1920s. Country music frequently consists of ballads and dance tunes ( most normally known as “ Honky Tonk music ” ) with broadly childlike forms, family lyrics, and harmonies frequently accompanied by string instruments such as electric and acoustic guitars, steel guitars ( such as bicycle steels and dobros ), banjos, and fiddles deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as harmonica. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] Blues modes have been used extensively throughout its record history. [ 5 ]

The terminus country music gained popularity in the 1940s in preference to hillbilly music ; it came to encompass westerly music, which evolved parallel to hillbilly music from similar roots, in the mid-20th century. In 2009, in the United States, state music was the most listen to rush hour radio music genre during the evening permute, and second most popular in the dawn commute. [ 6 ] The terminus country music is used today to describe many styles and subgenres. The origins of country music are found in the family music of working classify Americans and propertyless american biography. It has been inspired by american popular music, and American tribe music which had its roots by and large from Irish and Northern Spaniard family music from Celtic music, early on music of the british Isles, jota, singing cowboys, corrido, ranchera, norteño, french tribe music, african-american music, and other traditional folk music music traditions .

Table of Contents

Origins [edit ]

The main components of the modern area music style date back to music traditions throughout the Southern United States and Southwestern United States, while its home in american popular music was established in the 1920s during the early days of music record. [ 7 ] Country music was “ introduced to the earth as a southerly phenomenon. ” [ 8 ] Immigrants to the southern Appalachian Mountains, of the Southeastern United States, brought the folk music music and instruments of Europe, Africa, and the Mediterranean Basin along with them for closely 300 years, which developed into appalachian music. As the state expanded westward, the Mississippi River and Louisiana became a crossroads for nation music, giving lift to Cajun music. In the Southwestern United States, it was the Rocky Mountains, American frontier, and Rio Grande that acted as a similar backdrop for native American, Mexican, and cowboy ballads, which resulted in New Mexico music and the development of western music, and its immediately related Red Dirt, Texas nation, and Tejano music styles .

Role of East Tennessee [edit ]

The U.S. Congress has formally recognized Bristol, Tennessee as the “ Birthplace of Country Music ”, [ 9 ] based on the historic Bristol recording sessions of 1927. [ 10 ] [ 11 ] [ 12 ] Since 2014, the city has been home to the Birthplace of Country Music Museum. [ 13 ] [ 14 ] Historians have besides noted the influence of the less-known Johnson City sessions of 1928 and 1929, [ 15 ] [ 16 ] and the Knoxville sessions of 1929 and 1930. [ 17 ] In addition, the Mountain City Fiddlers Convention, held in 1925, helped to inspire modern country music. Before these, pioneer settlers, in the Great Smoky Mountains area, had developed a full-bodied musical inheritance. [ 18 ]

Generations [edit ]

The first generation emerged in the 1920s, with Atlanta ‘s music scene playing a major character in launching area ‘s earliest recording artists. James Gideon “ Gid ” Tanner ( 1885–1960 ) was an american old-time tinkerer and one of the earliest stars of what would come to be known as area music. His dance band, the Skillet Lickers, was one of the most innovative and influential string bands of the 1920s and 1930s. Its most luminary members were Clayton McMichen ( violin and vocal music ), Dan Hornsby ( vocals ), Riley Puckett ( guitar and vocal music ) and Robert Lee Sweat ( guitar ). New York City record label Okeh Records began issuing hillbilly music records by Fiddlin ‘ John Carson arsenic early as 1923, followed by Columbia Records ( series 15000D “ Old Familiar Tunes ” ) ( Samantha Bumgarner ) in 1924, and RCA Victor Records in 1927 with the first celebrated pioneers of the genre Jimmie Rodgers, who is wide considered the “ Father of Country Music ”, and the beginning syndicate of state music the Carter Family. [ 19 ] many “ hillbilly ” musicians recorded blues songs throughout the 1920s. [ 20 ] During the second generation ( 1930s–1940s ), radio became a democratic source of entertainment, and “ barn dance ” shows featuring nation music were started all over the South, as far north as Chicago, and as far west as California. The most authoritative was the Grand Ole Opry, aired starting in 1925 by WSM in Nashville and continuing to the present day. During the 1930s and 1940s, cowboy songs, or western music, which had been recorded since the 1920s, were popularized by films made in Hollywood, many featuring the Gene Autry, who was known as king of the “ spill the beans cowboy ”, and Hank Williams. Bob Wills was another area musician from the Lower Great Plains who had become very democratic as the drawing card of a “ hot string band, ” and who besides appeared in Hollywood westerns. His mix of country and jazz, which started out as dance hall music, would become known as western swing. Wills was one of the first nation musicians known to have added an electric guitar to his band, in 1938. [ 21 ] Country musicians began recording boogie in 1939, concisely after it had been played at Carnegie Hall, when Johnny Barfield recorded “ Boogie Woogie ”. The third base coevals ( 1950s–1960s ) started at the end of World War II with “ mountaineer ” string ring music known as bluegrass, which emerged when Bill Monroe, along with Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs were introduced by Roy Acuff at the Grand Ole Opry. Gospel music remained a popular part of nation music. The native American, Hispano, and American frontier music of the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico, became democratic among poor people communities in New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas ; the basic corps de ballet consisted of classical guitar, bass guitar, dobro or steel guitar, though some larger ensembles featured electric guitars, trumpets, keyboards ( particularly the barrelhouse piano, a type of append piano ), banjos, and drums. By the early 1950s it blended with rock and roll, becoming the rockabilly sound produced by Sam Phillips, Norman Petty, and Bob Keane. Musicians like Elvis Presley, Bo Diddley, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis, Ritchie Valens, Carl Perkins, Roy Orbison, and Johnny Cash emerged as enduring representatives of the vogue. Beginning in the mid-1950s, and reaching its point during the early 1960s, the Nashville fathom turned country music into a multimillion-dollar industry centered in Nashville, Tennessee ; Patsy Cline and Jim Reeves were two of the most broadly popular Nashville healthy artists, and their deaths in divide plane crashes in the early 1960s were a factor in the genre ‘s decline. Starting in the 1950s to the mid-1960s, western singer-songwriters such as Michael Martin Murphey and Marty Robbins rose in prominence as did others, throughout westerly music traditions, like New Mexico music ‘s Al Hurricane. The late 1960s in american music produced a unique blend as a result of traditionalist backlash within discriminate genres. In the consequence of the british Invasion, many desired a render to the “ erstwhile values ” of rock ‘n’ roll north ‘ cast. At the same clock there was a miss of enthusiasm in the country sector for Nashville-produced music. What resulted was a crossbred genre known as state rock candy. fourthly genesis ( 1970s–1980s ) music included outlaw area with roots in the Bakersfield sound, and area dad with roots in the countrypolitan, tribe music and soft rock. between 1972 and 1975 singer/guitarist John Denver released a serial of enormously successful songs blending area and folk-rock melodious styles. By the mid-1970s, Texas state and Tejano music gained popularity with performers like Freddie Fender. During the early 1980s country artists continued to see their records perform well on the pop music charts. In 1980 a style of “ neocountry disco music ” was popularized. During the mid-1980s a group of new artists began to emerge who rejected the more polish country-pop strait that had been outstanding on radio and the charts in prefer of more traditional “ back-to-basics ” production ; this neotraditional apparent motion would dominate nation music through the late 1980s and was typified by the likes of George Strait. Attempts to combine hood and country were pioneered by Jason and the Scorchers, and in the 1980s Southern Californian cowpunk fit with bands like the Long Ryders and Mojo Nixon. During the fifth generation ( 1990s ), country music became a cosmopolitan phenomenon. Two types of artists enjoyed mainstream popularity : neotraditionalists such as Alan Jackson and the “ King of Country ” himself, George Strait, and the more broadly democratic stadium state acts, in particular Garth Brooks. The Chicks became one of the most popular country bands in the 1990s and early 2000s. The one-sixth generation ( 2000s–present ) has seen a certain total of diversification in regard to state music styles. It has besides, however, seen a fault into patriotism and bourgeois politics since the 9/11 terrorist Attacks, but twenty years by and by, many are saying the writing style is finally starting to move away from that. [ 22 ] The influence of rock music in country has become more overt during the late 2000s and early 2010s. Most of the best-selling area songs of this earned run average were in the nation pop music genre, such as those by Lady A, Florida Georgia Line, Carrie Underwood, Trixie Mattel, Orville Peck and Taylor Swift. [ 23 ] Hip hop besides made its mark on country music with the emergence of country rap. [ 24 ]

history [edit ]

first generation ( 1920s ) [edit ]

Vernon Dalhart was the first country star to have a major hit record The first commercial recordings of what was considered implemental music in the traditional nation dash were “ Arkansas Traveler “ and “ Turkey in the Straw “ by fiddlers Henry Gilliland & A.C. ( Eck ) Robertson on June 30, 1922, for Victor Records and released in April 1923. [ 25 ] [ 26 ] Columbia Records began issuing records with “ hillbilly ” music ( series 15000D “ Old Familiar Tunes ” ) a early as 1924. [ 19 ]
The first base commercial record of what is wide considered to be the first base country song featuring vocals and lyrics was Fiddlin ‘ John Carson with “ little Log Cabin in the Lane “ for Okeh Records on June 14, 1923. [ 27 ] [ 28 ] Vernon Dalhart was the inaugural country singer to have a countrywide collision in May 1924 with “ Wreck of the Old 97 “. [ 29 ] [ 30 ] The flip side of the record was “ Lonesome Road Blues ”, which besides became identical popular. [ 31 ] In April 1924, “ Aunt ” Samantha Bumgarner and Eva Davis became the inaugural female musicians to criminal record and release country songs. [ 32 ] Many of the early country musicians, such as the yodeler Cliff Carlisle, recorded blues songs into the 1930s. [ 33 ] other authoritative early commemorate artists were Riley Puckett, Don Richardson, Fiddlin ‘ John Carson, Uncle Dave Macon, Al Hopkins, Ernest V. Stoneman, Blind Alfred Reed, Charlie Poole and the North Carolina Ramblers and the Skillet Lickers. [ 34 ] The steel guitar entered state music angstrom early as 1922, when Jimmie Tarlton met celebrated Hawaiian guitarist Frank Ferera on the West Coast. [ 35 ] Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family are widely considered to be important early country musicians. From Scott County, Virginia, the Carters had learned spy read of hymnals and sheet music using solfege. [ citation needed ] Their songs were first captured at a historic read seance in Bristol, Tennessee, on August 1, 1927, where Ralph Peer was the endowment scout and sound recordist. [ 36 ] [ 37 ] A fit in the movie O Brother, Where Art Thou? depicts a similar happening in the lapp timeframe. Rodgers fused hillbilly country, gospel, sleep together, blues, dad, cowboy, and folk music, and many of his best songs were his compositions, including “ Blue Yodel ”, [ 38 ] which sold over a million records and established Rodgers as the premier singer of early country music. [ 39 ] [ 40 ] Beginning in 1927, and for the future 17 years, the Carters recorded some 300 old-time ballads, traditional tunes, state songs and religious doctrine hymn, all spokesperson of America ‘s southeast folklore and inheritance. [ 41 ] Maybelle Carter went on to continue the class tradition with her daughters as The Carter Sisters ; her daughter June would marry ( in succession ) Carl Smith, Rip Nix and Johnny Cash, having children with each who would besides become area singers .

second generation ( 1930s–1940s ) [edit ]

Record sales declined during the Great Depression, but radio became a popular source of entertainment, and “ barn dance ” shows featuring country music were started by radio stations all over the South, as far north as Chicago, and as far west as California. The most important was the Grand Ole Opry, aired starting in 1925 by WSM in Nashville and continuing to the salute day. Some of the early stars on the Opry were Uncle Dave Macon, Roy Acuff and african American harmonica actor DeFord Bailey. WSM ‘s 50,000-watt signal ( in 1934 ) could much be heard across the country. [ 42 ] many musicians performed and recorded songs in any number of styles. Moon Mullican, for example, played western swing but besides recorded songs that can be called rockabilly. between 1947 and 1949, area crooner Eddy Arnold placed eight songs in the crown 10. [ 43 ] From 1945 to 1955 Jenny Lou Carson was one of the most prolific songwriters in state music. [ 44 ]

Singing cowboys and westerly swing [edit ]

In the 1930s and 1940s, cowboy songs, or western music, which had been recorded since the 1920s, were popularized by films made in Hollywood. Some of the popular spill the beans cowboys from the era were Gene Autry, the Sons of the Pioneers, and Roy Rogers. [ 45 ] Country music and western music were frequently played together on the like radio stations, hence the terminus country and western music, despite Country and western being two clear-cut genres. Cowgirls contributed to the sound in respective class groups. Patsy Montana opened the door for female artists with her history-making birdcall “ I Want To Be a Cowboy ‘s Sweetheart ”. This would begin a drift toward opportunities for women to have successful solo careers. Bob Wills was another area musician from the Lower Great Plains who had become very popular as the leader of a “ hot string band, ” and who besides appeared in Hollywood westerns. His mix of country and jazz, which started out as dance hall music, would become known as westerly swing. Cliff Bruner, Moon Mullican, Milton Brown and Adolph Hofner were early early westerly swing pioneers. Spade Cooley and Tex Williams besides had very popular bands and appeared in films. At its height, western swing rivaled the popularity of big band swing music .

Changing instrumentality [edit ]

Drums were scorned by early area musicians as being “ excessively brassy ” and “ not pure ”, but by 1935 western swing big band drawing card Bob Wills had added drums to the Texas Playboys. In the mid-1940s, the Grand Ole Opry did not want the Playboys ‘ drummer to appear on stagecoach. Although drums were normally used by rockabilly groups by 1955, the less-conservative-than-the-Grand-Ole-Opry Louisiana Hayride kept its infrequently used drummer back stage deoxyadenosine monophosphate recently as 1956. By the early 1960s, however, it was rare for a state band not to have a drummer. [ 46 ] Bob Wills was one of the first country musicians known to have added an electric guitar to his ring, in 1938. [ 21 ] A ten former ( 1948 ) Arthur Smith achieved top 10 US state chart success with his MGM Records commemorate of “ Guitar Boogie “, which crossed over to the US pop chart, introducing many people to the potential of the electric guitar. For respective decades Nashville seance players preferred the strong tones of the Gibson and Gretsch archtop electrics, but a “ hot ” Fender dash, using guitars which became available begin in the early 1950s, finally prevailed as the signature guitar sound of country. [ 46 ] [ 47 ]

hillbilly boogie [edit ]

Country musicians began recording boogie in 1939, concisely after it had been played at Carnegie Hall, when Johnny Barfield recorded “ Boogie Woogie ”. The drip of what was initially called hillbilly boogie, or okie boogie ( later to be renamed area boogie ), became a flood beginning in late 1945. One celebrated turn from this period was the Delmore Brothers ‘ “ Freight Train Boogie ”, considered to be contribution of the blend development of state music and blues towards rockabilly. In 1948, Arthur “ Guitar Boogie ” Smith achieved lead ten US country chart success with his MGM Records recordings of “ Guitar Boogie “ and “ Banjo Boogie ”, with the former hybridization over to the US pop charts. [ 48 ] other state boogie artists included Moon Mullican, Merrill Moore and Tennessee Ernie Ford. The hillbilly boogie period lasted into the 1950s and remains one of many subgenres of nation into the twenty-first hundred .

Bluegrass, family and religious doctrine [edit ]

Bill and Charlie Monroe ( 1936 ). Bill Monroe ( 1911–1996 ) and the Blue Grass Boys created the bluegrass by the end of World War II. By the goal of World War II, “ mountaineer ” string band music known as bluegrass had emerged when Bill Monroe joined with Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs, introduced by Roy Acuff at the Grand Ole Opry. That was the ordination of bluegrass music and how Bill Monroe came to be known as the “ Father of Bluegrass. ” Gospel music, besides, remained a popular component of bluegrass and other sorts of nation music. Red Foley, the biggest area star following World War II, had one of the beginning million-selling gospel hits ( “ Peace in the Valley “ ) and besides sang boogie, blues and rockabilly. In the post-war time period, state music was called “ folk music ” in the trades, and “ hillbilly ” within the industry. [ 49 ] In 1944, Billboard replaced the term “ hillbilly ” with “ folk music songs and blues, ” and switched to “ country and western ” in 1949. [ 50 ] [ 51 ]

Honky tonk [edit ]

Another type of stripped down and raw music with a assortment of moods and a basic ensemble of guitar, bass, dobro or steel guitar ( and late ) drums became popular, particularly among rural residents in the three states of Texhomex, those being Tex as, Okla ho milliampere, and New Mex ico. [ 52 ] It became known as whitey tonk and had its roots in westerly swing and the ranchera music of Mexico and the border states, particularly New Mexico and Texas, [ 53 ] together with the blues of the American South. Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys personified this music which has been described as “ a small bit of this, and a little sting of that, a fiddling spot of black and a little bite of egg white … merely loudly enough to keep you from thinking excessively much and to go good on ordering the whiskey. ” [ 54 ] East Texan Al Dexter had a hit with “ Honky Tonk Blues ”, and seven years late “ Pistol Packin ‘ Mama “. [ 55 ] These “ whitey tonk ” songs were associated with barrooms, and was performed by the likes of Ernest Tubb, Kitty Wells ( the foremost major female country solo singer ), Ted Daffan, Floyd Tillman, the Maddox Brothers and Rose, Lefty Frizzell and Hank Williams ; the music of these artists would late be called “ traditional ” nation. Williams ‘ determine in particular would prove to be enormous, inspiring many of the pioneers of rock and roll, such as Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chuck Berry and Ike Turner, while providing a framework for emerging whitey tonk talents like George Jones. Webb Pierce was the top-charting country artist of the 1950s, with 13 of his singles spending 113 weeks at count one. He charted 48 singles during the decade ; 31 reached the exceed ten and 26 reached the top four .

third base generation ( 1950s–1960s ) [edit ]

By the early 1950s, a blend of western golf stroke, country boogie, and whitey tonk was played by most country bands, a mix which followed in the footsteps of Gene Autry, Lydia Mendoza, Roy Rogers, and Patsy Montana. western music, influenced by the cowboy ballads, New Mexico, Texas area and Tejano music rhythm of the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico, reached its peak in popularity in the late 1950s, most notably with the birdcall “ El Paso “, first recorded by Marty Robbins in September 1959. western music ‘s determine would continue to grow within the nation music sphere, western musicians like Michael Martin Murphey, New Mexico music artists Al Hurricane and Antonia Apodaca, Tejano music performer Little Joe, and even family evangelist John Denver, all first base rose to prominence during this time. This western music influence largely kept the music of the tribe revival and folk music rock from influencing the country music genre much, despite the similarity in instrumentation and origins ( see, for exemplify, the Byrds ‘ negative reception during their appearance on the Grand Ole Opry ). The main concern was largely political : most family revival was largely driven by progressive activists, a arrant contrast to the culturally bourgeois audiences of area music. John Denver was possibly the merely musician to have major success in both the country and tribe revival genres throughout his career, subsequently merely a handful of artists like Burl Ives and canadian musician Gordon Lightfoot successfully made the crossing over to nation after family revival fell out of fashion. During the mid-1950s a fresh vogue of country music became popular, finally to be referred to as rockabilly. [ 57 ] In 1953, the first all-country radio station was established in Lubbock, Texas. [ 58 ] The music of the 1960s and 1970s targeted the american exploit class, and truckers in particular. As nation radio became more popular, truck songs like the 1963 hit song Six Days on the Road by Dave Dudley began to make up their own subgenre of country. These revamped songs sought to portray american english truckers as a “ newly folk music hero ”, marking a significant switch in sound from earlier country music. The song was written by actual truckers and contained numerous references to the teamster acculturation of the time like “ ICC ” for Interstate Commerce Commission and “ short flannel pills ” as a character to amphetamines. Starday Records in Nashville followed up on Dudley ‘s initial success with the release of Give me 40 Acres by the Willis Brothers. [ 58 ]

rockabilly [edit ]

rockabilly was most democratic with country fans in the 1950s ; one of the first rock and axial rotation superstars was erstwhile Western yodeler Bill Haley, who repurposed his four Aces of westerly Swing into a rockabilly ring in the early on 1950s and renamed it the Comets. Bill Haley & His Comets are credited with two of the first successful rock and roller records, “ Crazy Man, Crazy “ of 1953 and “ Rock Around the Clock “ in 1954. [ 59 ] 1956 could be called the year of rockabilly in state music. Rockabilly was an early human body of rock and roller, an cheerful combination of blues and country music. The number two, three and four songs on Billboard’s charts for that class were Elvis Presley, “ Heartbreak Hotel “ ; Johnny Cash, “ I Walk the Line “ ; and Carl Perkins, “ Blue Suede Shoes “. Reflecting this success, George Jones released a rockabilly read that class under the pseudonym “ Thumper Jones ”, wanting to capitilize on the popularity of rockabilly without alienating his traditional nation base. [ 61 ] Cash and Presley placed songs in the circus tent 5 in 1958 with No. 3 “ Guess Things Happen That Way/Come In, Stranger ” by Cash, and No. 5 by Presley “ Don’t/I Beg of You. ” [ 62 ] Presley acknowledged the influence of cycle and blues artists and his vogue, saying “ The colored folk been singin ‘ and playin ‘ it just the means I ‘m doin ‘ it now, man for more years than I know. ” Within a few years, many rockabilly musicians returned to a more mainstream style or had defined their own unique manner. Country music gained home television exposure through Ozark Jubilee on ABC-TV and radio from 1955 to 1960 from Springfield, Missouri. The broadcast showcased top stars including respective rockabilly artists, some from the Ozarks. As Webb Pierce put it in 1956, “ once upon a time, it was about impossible to sell country music in a position like New York City. Nowadays, television takes us everywhere, and country music records and sail music sell arsenic well in large cities as anywhere else. ” [ 63 ] The late 1950s saw the emergence of Buddy Holly, but by the end of the decade, backfire deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as traditional artists such as Ray Price, Marty Robbins, and Johnny Horton began to shift the diligence away from the rock nitrogen ‘ roller influences of the mid-1950s. The Country Music Association was founded in 1958, in part because numerous country musicians were appalled by the increased influence of rock and roll on country music. [ 64 ]

The Nashville and countrypolitan sounds [edit ]

Beginning in the mid-1950s, and reaching its bill during the early 1960s, the Nashville good turned area music into a multimillion-dollar diligence centered in Nashville, Tennessee. Under the direction of producers such as Chet Atkins, Bill Porter, Paul Cohen, Owen Bradley, Bob Ferguson, and by and by Billy Sherrill, the sound brought country music to a diverse hearing and helped revive country as it emerged from a commercially fallow period. This subgenre was celebrated for borrowing from 1950s pop stylings : a outstanding and smooth vocal, backed by a string section ( violins and other orchestral strings ) and vocal chorus. instrumental solo was de-emphasize in privilege of brand “ licks ”. Leading artists in this writing style included Jim Reeves, Skeeter Davis, Connie Smith, the Browns, Patsy Cline, and Eddy Arnold. The “ steal note ” piano style of seance musician Floyd Cramer was an authoritative part of this style. [ 66 ] The Nashville Sound collapsed in mainstream popularity in 1964, a victim of both the british Invasion and the deaths of Reeves and Cline in separate airplane crashes. By the mid-1960s, the genre had developed into countrypolitan. Countrypolitan was aimed straight at mainstream markets, and it sold well throughout the belated 1960s into the early 1970s. top artists included Tammy Wynette, Lynn Anderson and Charlie Rich, a well as such former “ hard area ” artists as Ray Price and Marty Robbins. Despite the appeal of the Nashville sound, many traditional country artists emerged during this time period and dominated the genre : Loretta Lynn, Merle Haggard, Buck Owens, Porter Wagoner, George Jones, and Sonny James among them .

Country-soul crossing [edit ]

In 1962, Ray Charles surprised the pop world by turning his attention to state and western music, topping the charts and rating total three for the year on Billboard’s pop chart [ 67 ] with the “ I Ca n’t Stop Loving You “ single, and recording the landmark album Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music .

Bakersfield sound [edit ]

Another subgenre of state music grew out of hard-core whitey tonk with elements of westerly swing and originated 112 miles ( 180 kilometer ) north-northwest of Los Angeles in Bakersfield, California, where many “ Okies “ and other Dust Bowl migrants had settled. Influenced by erstwhile West Coast residents Bob Wills and Lefty Frizzell, by 1966 it was known as the Bakersfield reasoned. It relied on electric instruments and amplification, in particular the Telecaster electric guitar, more than other subgenres of the country music of the era, and it can be described as having a sharply, unvoiced, driving, no-frills, edgy flavor—hard guitars and barrelhouse harmonies. [ 58 ] Leading practitioners of this style were Buck Owens, Merle Haggard, Tommy Collins, Dwight Yoakam, Gary Allan, and Wynn Stewart, each of whom had his own style. [ 69 ] [ 70 ] Ken Nelson, who had produced Owens and Haggard and Rose Maddox became matter to in the hauling song subgenre following the success of Six Days on the Road and asked Red Simpson to record an album of trucking songs. Haggard ‘s White Line Fever was besides part of the truck subgenre. [ 58 ]

western music merges with country [edit ]

The nation music picture of the 1940s until the 1970s was largely dominated by western music influences, so much so that the genre began to be called “ Country and Western ”. [ 71 ] even today, cowboy and frontier values continue to play a role in the larger state music, with western tire, cowboy boots, and cowboy hats continues to be in fashion for country artists. [ 72 ] West of the Mississippi river, many of these western genres continue to flourish, including the Red Dirt of Oklahoma, [ 73 ] New Mexico music of New Mexico, [ 74 ] and both Texas nation music and Tejano music of Texas. [ 75 ] [ 76 ] During the 1950s until the early 1970s, the latter part of the western flower in country music, many of these genres featured popular artists that continue to influence both their distinctive genres and larger state music. Red Dirt featured Bob Childers and Steve Ripley ; for New Mexico music Al Hurricane, Al Hurricane Jr., and Antonia Apodaca ; and within the Texas scenes Willie Nelson, Freddie Fender, Johnny Rodriguez, and Little Joe. As Outlaw state music emerged as subgenre in its own right, Red Dirt, New Mexico, Texas country, and Tejano grew in popularity as a separate of the Outlaw area movement. Originating in the bars, fiestas, and honky-tonks of Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Texas, their music supplemented outlaw nation ‘s singer-songwriter tradition a well as 21st-century rock -inspired alternate nation and pelvis hop -inspired nation rap artists. [ 77 ] [ 78 ]

fourth generation ( 1970s–1980s ) [edit ]

Outlaw movement [edit ]

Outlaw country was derived from the traditional Western, including Red Dirt, New Mexico, Texas country, Tejano, and barrelhouse musical styles of the belated 1950s and 1960s. Songs such as the 1963 Johnny Cash popularized “ Ring of Fire “ prove clear influences from the likes of Al Hurricane and Little Joe, this influence merely happened to culminate with artists such as Ray Price ( whose ring, the “ Cherokee Cowboys ”, included Willie Nelson and Roger Miller ) and interracial with the anger of an alien subculture of the nation during the time period, a collection of musicians that came to be known as the outlaw apparent motion revolutionized the music genre of country music in the early 1970s. [ 79 ] [ 80 ] “ After I left Nashville ( the early 70s ), I wanted to relax and play the music that I wanted to play, and fair stay around Texas, possibly Oklahoma. Waylon and I had that illegitimate picture going, and when it caught on at colleges and we started selling records, we were O.K. The whole outlaw thing, it had nothing to do with the music, it was something that got written in an article, and the young people said, ‘Well, that ‘s pretty cool. ‘ And started listening. ” ( Willie Nelson ) [ 81 ] The term outlaw country is traditionally associated with Willie Nelson, Jerry Jeff Walker, [ 82 ] Hank Williams, Jr., Merle Haggard, Waylon Jennings and Joe Ely. [ 83 ] It was encapsulated in the 1976 album Wanted! The Outlaws. Though the illegitimate movement as a cultural fad had died toss off after the late 1970s ( with Jennings noting in 1978 that it had gotten out of bridge player and led to real-life legal examination ), many Western and Outlaw nation music artists maintained their popularity during the 1980s by forming supergroups, such as The Highwaymen, [ 84 ] Texas Tornados, [ 85 ] and Bandido. [ 86 ]

Country toss off [edit ]

Country pop or soft toss off, with roots in the countrypolitan good, family music, and soft rock, is a subgenre that inaugural emerged in the 1970s. Although the term beginning referred to country music songs and artists that crossed over to top 40 radio, country dad acts are nowadays more probably to cross over to adult contemporary music. It started with pop music singers like Glen Campbell, Bobbie Gentry, John Denver, Olivia Newton-John, Anne Murray, B. J. Thomas, the Bellamy Brothers, and Linda Ronstadt having hits on the area charts. between 1972 and 1975, singer/guitarist John Denver released a series of enormously successful songs blending area and folk-rock musical styles ( “ Rocky Mountain High “, “ cheerfulness on My Shoulders “, “ Annie ‘s Song “, “ Thank God I ‘m a Country Boy “, and “ I ‘m blue “ ), and was named Country Music Entertainer of the year in 1975. The year before, Olivia Newton-John, an australian pop singer, won the “ Best Female Country Vocal Performance ” equally well as the Country Music Association ‘s most covet award for females, “ Female Vocalist of the class ”. In reception George Jones, Tammy Wynette, Jean Shepard and other traditional Nashville state artists dissatisfied with the new course formed the ephemeral “ Association of Country Entertainers ” in 1974 ; the ACE soon unraveled in the wake of Jones and Wynette ‘s bitter divorce and Shepard ‘s realization that most others in the industry lacked her passion for the movement .
During the mid-1970s, Dolly Parton, a successful mainstream nation artist since the late 1960s, mounted a high-profile campaign to cross over to pop music, culminating in her 1977 score “ hera You Come Again “, which topped the U.S. nation singles chart, and besides reached No. 3 on the toss off singles charts. Parton ‘s male counterpart, Kenny Rogers, came from the reverse focus, aiming his music at the nation charts, after a successful career in pop, rock candy and family music with the First Edition, achieving success the lapp year with “ Lucille “, which topped the country charts and reached No. 5 on the U.S. pop singles charts, ampere well as reaching Number 1 on the british all-genre chart. Parton and Rogers would both continue to have success on both country and pop charts simultaneously, well into the 1980s. nation music propelled Kenny Rogers ’ career, making him a three-time Grammy Award achiever and six-time Country Music Association Awards winner. Having sold more than 50 million albums in the US, one of his Song “ The Gambler, ” inspired respective television films, with Rogers as the main character. [ 87 ] Artists like Crystal Gayle, Ronnie Milsap and Barbara Mandrell would besides find success on the pop charts with their records. In 1975, author Paul Hemphill stated in the Saturday Evening Post, “ Country music is n’t in truth state anymore ; it is a hybrid of about every shape of popular music in America. ” [ 88 ] During the early 1980s, country artists continued to see their records perform well on the pop charts. Willie Nelson and Juice Newton each had two songs in the top 5 of the Billboard Hot 100 in the early eighties : Nelson charted “ Always on My Mind “ ( # 5, 1982 ) and “ To All the Girls I ‘ve Loved Before “ ( # 5, 1984, a couple with Julio Iglesias ), and Newton achieved achiever with “ Queen of Hearts “ ( # 2, 1981 ) and “ Angel of the Morning “ ( # 4, 1981 ). Four area songs topped the Billboard Hot 100 in the 1980s : “ Lady “ by Kenny Rogers, from the former drop of 1980 ; “ 9 to 5 “ by Dolly Parton, “ I Love a Rainy Night “ by Eddie Rabbitt ( these two back-to-back at the exceed in early 1981 ) ; and “ Islands in the Stream “, a couple by Dolly Parton and Kenny Rogers in 1983, a pop-country crossover hit written by Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb of the Bee Gees. Newton ‘s “ Queen of Hearts ” about reached # 1, but was kept out of the spot by the pop ballad juggernaut “ Endless Love “ by Diana Ross and Lionel Richie. [ 89 ] The motion of nation music toward neotraditional styles led to a marked decline in country/pop crossovers in the deep 1980s, and only one song in that period— Roy Orbison ‘s “ You Got It “, from 1989—made the top 10 of both the Billboard Hot Country Singles “ and Hot 100 charts, due largely to a revival of interest in Orbison after his sudden death. [ 90 ] [ 91 ] The alone birdcall with solid nation airplay to reach number one on the pop charts in the late 1980s was “ At This Moment “ by Billy Vera and the Beaters, an R & B birdcall with slide guitar ornamentation that appeared at number 42 on the nation charts from minor crossing airplay. [ 92 ] The record-setting, multi-platinum group Alabama was named Artist of the Decade for the 1980s by the Academy of Country Music .

area rock [edit ]

A reunite Eagles in 2008 area rock candy is a music genre that started in the 1960s but became big in the 1970s. The late 1960s in american music produced a singular blend as a result of hidebound backfire within separate genres. In the aftermath of the british Invasion, many desired a return to the “ honest-to-god values ” of rock candy newton ‘ cast. At the same time there was a miss of exuberance in the state sector for Nashville-produced music. What resulted was a crossbreed genre known as nation rock. early innovators in this modern style of music in the 1960s and 1970s included Bob Dylan, who was the first to revert to area music with his 1967 album John Wesley Harding ( and even more then with that album ‘s follow-up, Nashville Skyline ), followed by Gene Clark, Clark ‘s former band the Byrds ( with Gram Parsons on Sweetheart of the Rodeo ) and its by-product the Flying Burrito Brothers ( besides featuring Gram Parsons ), guitarist Clarence White, Michael Nesmith ( the Monkees and the First National Band ), the Grateful Dead, Neil Young, Commander Cody, the Allman Brothers, the Marshall Tucker Band, Poco, Buffalo Springfield, Stephen Stills ‘ band Manassas and Eagles, among many, even the former folk music couple Ian & Sylvia, who formed Great Speckled Bird in 1969. The Eagles would become the most successful of these state rock acts, and their compilation album Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) remains the second-best-selling album in the US with 29 million copies sold. [ 94 ] The Rolling Stones besides got into the act with songs like “ dead Flowers “ and a country version of “ Honky Tonk Women “. Described by AllMusic as the “ father of country-rock ”, [ 95 ] Gram Parsons ‘ solve in the early on 1970s was acclaimed for its purity and for his admiration for aspects of traditional country music. [ 96 ] Though his career was cut tragically short-change by his 1973 death, his bequest was carried on by his protégé and pas de deux partner Emmylou Harris ; Harris would release her debut solo in 1975, an amalgamation of country, rock and roll, folk, blues and pop. subsequent to the initial blend of the two polar opposite genres, early offspring soon resulted, including southern rock candy, heartland rock candy and in more holocene years, alternative country. In the decades that followed, artists such as Juice Newton, Alabama, Hank Williams, Jr. ( and, to an even greater extent, Hank Williams III ), Gary Allan, Shania Twain, Brooks & Dunn, Faith Hill, Garth Brooks, Dwight Yoakam, Steve Earle, Dolly Parton, Rosanne Cash and Linda Ronstadt moved country further towards rock charm .

Neocountry [edit ]

In 1980, a vogue of “ neocountry disco music ” was popularized by the film Urban Cowboy, [ 97 ] which besides included more traditional songs such as “ The Devil Went Down to Georgia “ by the Charlie Daniels Band. [ 98 ] It was during this time that a gorge of pop-country crossing over artists began appearing on the state charts : former pop stars Bill Medley ( of the Righteous Brothers ), “ England Dan ” Seals ( of England Dan and John Ford Coley ), Tom Jones, and Merrill Osmond ( both entirely and with some of his brothers ; his younger baby Marie Osmond was already an established area asterisk ) all recorded significant state hits in the early 1980s. Sales in record stores rocketed to $ 250 million in 1981 ; by 1984, 900 radio stations began programming country or neocountry toss off full-time. As with most sudden trends, however, by 1984 sales had dropped below 1979 figures. [ 97 ]

Truck drive country [edit ]

Truck driving country music is a genre of country music [ 99 ] and is a coalition of barrelhouse, area rock and the Bakersfield sound. [ 100 ] It has the tempo of country rock and the emotion of barrelhouse, [ 100 ] and its lyrics focus on a truck driver ‘s life style. [ 101 ] Truck driving state songs much deal with the profession of truck and love. [ 100 ] long-familiar artists who sing truck drive state include Dave Dudley, Red Sovine, Dick Curless, Red Simpson, Del Reeves, the Willis Brothers and Jerry Reed, with C. W. McCall and Cledus Maggard ( pseudonym of Bill Fries and Jay Huguely, respectively ) being more humorous entries in the subgenre. [ 100 ] Dudley is known as the father of hand truck drive area. [ 101 ] [ 102 ]

Neotraditionalist movement [edit ]

[103] Strait is one of the best selling musicians of all-time.[103]George Strait, a pioneer of the neotraditionalist movement and dubbed the “King of Country,”Strait is one of the best selling musicians of all-time. During the mid-1980s, a group of fresh artists began to emerge who rejected the more milled country-pop sound that had been big on radio receiver and the charts, in favor of more, traditional, “ back-to-basics ” production. Many of the artists during the latter one-half of the 1980s trace on traditional barrelhouse, bluegrass, tribe and western swing. Artists who typified this strait included Travis Tritt, Reba McEntire, George Strait, Keith Whitley, Alan Jackson, John Anderson, Patty Loveless, Kathy Mattea, Randy Travis, Dwight Yoakam, Clint Black, Ricky Skaggs, and the Judds. Beginning in 1989, a confluence of events brought an unprecedented commercial boom to nation music. New market strategies were used to engage fans, powered by technology that more accurately tracked the popularity of country music, and boosted by a political and economic climate that focused care on the genre. Garth Brooks ( “ Friends in low Places ” ) in particular attracted fans with his coalition of neotraditionalist area and stadium rock candy. other artists such as Brooks and Dunn ( “ Boot Scootin ‘ Boogie ” ) besides combined conventional country with slick, rock elements, while Lorrie Morgan, Mary Chapin Carpenter, and Kathy Mattea updated neotraditionalist styles. [ 104 ]

Fifth generation ( 1990s ) [edit ]

Country music was aided by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission ‘s ( FCC ) Docket 80–90, which led to a significant expansion of FM radio in the 1980s by adding numerous higher-fidelity FM signals to rural and suburban areas. At this point, nation music was chiefly heard on rural AM radio stations ; the expansion of FM was particularly helpful to country music, which migrated to FM from the AM isthmus as AM became get the best by talk radio ( the state music stations that stayed on AM developed the classic state format for the AM audience ). At the lapp clock time, beautiful music stations already in rural areas began abandoning the format ( leading to its effective death ) to adopt state music as well. This across-the-board handiness of area music led to producers seeking to polish their product for a wide audience. In 1990, Billboard, which had published a state music chart since the 1940s, changed the methodology it used to compile the chart : singles sales were removed from the methodology, and only airplay on country radio determined a birdcall ‘s space on the graph. [ 105 ] In the 1990s, state music became a cosmopolitan phenomenon thanks to Garth Brooks, [ 106 ] [ 107 ] [ 108 ] who enjoyed one of the most successful careers in popular music history, breaking records for both sales and concert attendance throughout the decade. The RIAA has certified his recordings at a combined ( 128× platinum ), denoting roughly 113 million U.S. shipments. [ 109 ] other artists who experienced success during this fourth dimension included Clint Black, John Michael Montgomery, Tracy Lawrence, Tim McGraw, Kenny Chesney, Travis Tritt, Alan Jackson and the newly formed couple of Brooks & Dunn ; George Strait, whose career began in the 1980s, besides continued to have far-flung achiever in this ten and beyond. Toby Keith began his career as a more pop-oriented nation singer in the 1990s, evolving into an illegitimate character in the early 2000s with Pull My Chain and its follow-up, Unleashed .

achiever of female artists [edit ]

female artists such as Reba McEntire, Patty Loveless, Faith Hill, Martina McBride, Deana Carter, LeAnn Rimes, Mindy McCready, Pam Tillis, Lorrie Morgan, Shania Twain, and Mary Chapin Carpenter all released platinum-selling albums in the 1990s. The Dixie Chicks became one of the most popular nation bands in the 1990s and early on 2000s. Their 1998 debut album Wide Open Spaces went on to become certify 12× platinum while their 1999 album Fly went on to become 10× platinum. After their third album, Home, was released in 2003, the set made political news in part because of lead singer Natalie Maines ‘s comments disparaging then-President George W. Bush while the set was oversea ( Maines stated that she and her bandmates were ashamed to be from the lapp country as Bush, who had just commenced the Iraq War a few days prior ). The comments caused a rupture between the band and the country music picture, and the band ‘s fourth ( and most holocene ) album, 2006 ‘s Taking the Long Way, took a more rock-oriented direction ; the album was commercially successful overall among non-country audiences but largely ignored among country audiences. After Taking the Long Way, the band broke up for a decade ( with two of its members continuing as the Court Yard Hounds ) before reuniting in 2016 and releasing new material in 2020 .
canadian artist Shania Twain became the best selling female state artist of the decade. This was chiefly due to the success of her discovery sophomore 1995 album, The Woman in Me, which was certified 12× platinum sold over 20 million copies global and its follow-up, 1997 ‘s Come On Over, which was certified 20× platinum and sold over 40 million copies. The album became a major worldwide phenomenon and became one of the worldly concern ‘s best sell albums for three years ( 1998, 1999 and 2000 ) ; it besides went on to become the best selling country album of all clock. Unlike the majority of her contemporaries, Twain enjoyed big international achiever that had been seen by very few area artists, before or after her. Critics have noted that Twain enjoyed a lot of her success due to breaking free of traditional nation stereotypes and for incorporating elements of rock and pop music into her music. In 2002, she released her successful one-fourth studio album, titled Up!, which was certified 11× platinum and sold over 15 million copies worldwide. Shania Twain has been nominated eighteen times for Grammy Awards and won five Grammys. [ [ 110 ] ] She was the best-paid country music star in 2016 according to Forbes, with a final worth of $ 27.5 million. [ [ 111 ] ] Twain has been credited with breaking international boundaries for area music, adenine well as inspiring many area artists to incorporate different genres into their music in order to attract a wide-eyed audience. She is besides credited with changing the manner in which many female state performers would grocery store themselves, as unlike many before her she secondhand fashion and her sexual activity appeal to get rid of the stereotyped ‘ barrelhouse ‘ visualize the majority of area singers had in order to distinguish herself from many female country artists of the prison term .

Line dancing revival [edit ]

In the early-mid-1990s, country western music was influenced by the popularity of channel dancing. This influence was so big that Chet Atkins was quoted as saying, “ The music has gotten reasonably bad, I think. It ‘s all that damn channel dancing. ” [ 112 ] By the end of the decade, however, at least one credit line dance choreographer complained that effective country line dancing music was no longer being released. In contrast, artists such as Don Williams and George Jones who had more or less had consistent graph success through the 1970s and 1980s on the spur of the moment had their fortunes fall quickly around 1991 when the newfangled chart rules took effect. With the fusion genre of “ country trap “ —a fusion of country/western themes to a hip hop meter, but normally with fully sing lyrics—emerging in the late 2010s, pipeline dancing area had a minor revival. Examples of the phenomenon include “ Old Town Road “ by Lil Nas X and “ The Git Up “ by Blanco Brown, both of which topped the Billboard nation charts despite scant radio receiver airplay .

option area

[edit ]

country influences combined with Punk rock and alternative rock to forge the “ cowpunk “ scene in Southern California during the 1980s, which included bands such as the Long Ryders, Lone Justice and the Beat Farmers, adenine well as the established bum group X, whose music had begun to include country and rockabilly influences. [ 113 ] Simultaneously, a coevals of divers country artists outside of California emerged that rejected the sensed cultural and musical conservatism associated with Nashville ‘s mainstream nation musicians in favor of more countercultural outlaw nation and the folk music singer-songwriter traditions of artists such as Woody Guthrie, Gram Parsons and Bob Dylan. Artists from outside California who were associated with early on alternative state included singer-songwriters such as Lucinda Williams, Lyle Lovett and Steve Earle, the Nashville state rock band Jason and the Scorchers, the Providence “ cowboy pop “ band Rubber Rodeo, and the british post-punk band the Mekons. Earle, in particular, was noted for his popularity with both state and college rock audiences : He promoted his 1986 debut album Guitar Town with a tour that saw him open for both area singer Dwight Yoakam and option rock band the Replacements. [ 114 ] Yoakam besides cultivated a fanbase spanning multiple genres through his stripped barrelhouse influenced reasoned, association with the cowpunk scene, and performances at Los Angeles punk rock rock candy clubs. [ 115 ] These early styles had coalesced into a genre by the time the Illinois group Uncle Tupelo released their influential debut album No Depression in 1990. [ 116 ] [ 117 ] The album is widely credited as being the inaugural “ alternate country ” album, and inspired the list of No Depression magazine, which entirely covered the new genre. [ 116 ] [ 117 ] Following Uncle Tupelo ‘s disband in 1994, its members formed two significant bands in genre : Wilco and Son Volt. Although Wilco ‘s sound had moved away from country and towards indie rock by the time they released their critically acclaimed album Yankee Hotel Foxtrot in 2002, they have continued to be an influence on later alt-country artists. other acts who became big in the alt-country genre during the 1990s and 2000s included the Bottle Rockets, the Handsome Family, Blue Mountain, Robbie Fulks, Blood Oranges, Bright Eyes, Drive-By Truckers, Old 97 ‘s, Old Crow Medicine Show, Nickel Creek, Neko Case, and Whiskeytown, whose tip singer Ryan Adams late had a successful solo-career. [ 118 ] Alt-country, in versatile iterations overlapped with other genres, including Red Dirt nation music ( Cross Canadian Ragweed ), jam bands ( My good morning Jacket and the String Cheese Incident ), and indie folk ( the Avett Brothers ). Despite the music genre ‘s growing popularity in the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s, alternative country and neo-traditionalist artists saw minimal support from country radio receiver in those decades, despite strong sales and critical acclaim for albums such as the soundtrack to the 2000 film O Brother, Where Art Thou?. [ 119 ] In 1987, the Beat Farmers gained airplay on state music stations with their birdcall “ Make It concluding ”, but the individual was pulled from the format when station programmers decreed the band ‘s music was excessively rock-oriented for their consultation. [ 120 ] however, some alt-country songs have been crossing hits to mainstream state radio in cover versions by established artists on the format ; Lucinda Williams ‘ “ Passionate Kisses “ was a hit for Mary Chapin Carpenter in 1993, Ryan Adams ‘ “ When the Stars Go Blue “ was a hit for Tim McGraw in 2007, and Old Crow Medicine Show ‘s “ Wagon Wheel “ was a hit for Darius Rucker ( penis of Hootie & The Blowfish in 2013. In the 2010s, the alt-country genre saw an increase in its critical and commercial popularity, owing to the success of artists such as the Civil Wars, Chris Stapleton, Sturgill Simpson, Jason Isbell, Lydia Loveless and Margo Price. In 2019, Kacey Musgraves – a state artist who had gained a following with indie rock fans and music critics despite minimal airplay on nation radio – won the Grammy Award for Album of the year for her album Golden Hour. [ 121 ]

one-sixth generation ( 2000s–present ) [edit ]

The sixth coevals of state music continued to be influenced by other genres such as pop, rock, and R & B. Richard Marx crossed over with his Days in Avalon album, which features five state songs and several singers and musicians. Alison Krauss sang background vocals to Marx ‘s individual “ Straight from My Heart. ” besides, Bon Jovi had a murder single, “ Who Says You Ca n’t Go Home “, with Jennifer Nettles of Sugarland. Kid Rock ‘s collaboration with Sheryl Crow, “ video, ” was a major crossing hit in 2001 and began Kid Rock ‘s transition from hard rock to a country-rock hybrid that would former produce another major crossover reach, 2008 ‘s “ All Summer Long. ” ( Crow, whose music had much incorporated country elements, would besides formally cross over into country with her hit “ easy “ from her debut country album Feels like Home ). Darius Rucker, frontman for the 1990s pop-rock band Hootie & the Blowfish, began a area solo career in the late 2000s, one that to date has produced five albums and several hits on both the nation charts and the Billboard Hot 100. Singer-songwriter Unknown Hinson became celebrated for his appearance in the Charlotte television testify Wild, Wild, South, after which Hinson started his own ring and toured in southern states. other rock stars who featured a area birdcall on their albums were Don Henley ( who released Cass County in 2015, an album which featured collaborations with numerous state artists ) and Poison. The back half of the 2010-2020 decade saw an increasing number of mainstream nation acts collaborate with pop and R & B acts ; many of these songs achieved commercial achiever by appealing to fans across multiple genres ; examples include collaborations between Kane Brown and Marshmello [ 122 ] and Maren Morris and Zedd. [ 123 ] There has besides been interest from pop music singers in nation music, including Beyoncé, Lady Gaga, Alicia Keys, Gwen Stefani, Justin Timberlake, Justin Bieber and Pink. [ 124 ] Supporting this movement is the new generation of contemporaneous pop-country, including Taylor Swift, Miranda Lambert, Carrie Underwood, Kacey Musgraves, Miley Cyrus, Billy Ray Cyrus, Sam Hunt, Chris Young, [ 125 ] who introduced new themes in their works, touching on cardinal rights, feminism, and controversies about racism and religion of the older generations. [ 126 ]

democratic culture [edit ]

In 2005, country singer Carrie Underwood rose to fame as the achiever of the fourthly season of American Idol and has since become one of the most outstanding record artists in the music genre, with cosmopolitan sales of more than 65 million records and seven Grammy Awards. [ 127 ] With her first single, “ Inside Your Heaven “, Underwood became the merely solo state artist to have a issue 1 murder on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the 2000–2009 ten and besides broke Billboard chart history as the first country music artist always to debut at No. 1 on the Hot 100. underbrush ‘s debut album, Some Hearts, became the best-selling solo female debut album in country music history, the fastest-selling debut nation album in the history of the SoundScan earned run average and the best-selling area album of the last 10 years, being ranked by Billboard as the count 1 Country Album of the 2000–2009 ten. She has besides become the female country artist with the most number one hits on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart in the Nielsen SoundScan era ( 1991–present ), having 14 # 1s and breaking her own Guinness Book record of ten. In 2007, Underwood won the Grammy Award for Best New Artist, becoming only the second base Country artist in history ( and the first in a decade ) to win it. She besides made history by becoming the seventh womanhood to win Entertainer of the year at the Academy of Country Music Awards, and the first woman in history to win the award twice, vitamin a well as twice consecutively. Time has listed Underwood as one of the 100 most influential people in the global. In 2016, Underwood topped the Country Airplay chart for the fifteenth time, becoming the female artist with most phone number ones on that chart .
Carrie Underwood was only one of respective country stars produced by a television series in the 2000s. In addition to Underwood, American Idol launched the careers of Kellie Pickler, Josh Gracin, Bucky Covington, Kristy Lee Cook, Danny Gokey, Lauren Alaina and Scotty McCreery ( american samoa well as that of occasional country singer Kelly Clarkson [ 128 ] ) in the ten, and would continue to launch country careers in the 2010s. The series Nashville Star, while not closely deoxyadenosine monophosphate successful as Idol, did manage to bring Miranda Lambert, Kacey Musgraves and Chris Young to mainstream achiever, besides launching the careers of lower-profile musicians such as Buddy Jewell, Sean Patrick McGraw, and canadian musician George Canyon. Can You Duet? produced the couple Steel Magnolia and Joey + Rory. Teen sitcoms besides have influenced modern state music ; in 2008, actress Jennette McCurdy ( best known as the buddy Sam on the adolescent situation comedy iCarly ) released her beginning one, “ so close ”, following that with the single “ Generation Love “ in 2011. Another adolescent situation comedy asterisk, Miley Cyrus ( of Disney Channel ‘s Hannah Montana ), besides had a crossing hit in the former 2000s with “ The Climb “ and another with a duet with her don, Billy Ray Cyrus, with “ fix, Set, Do n’t Go. ” Jana Kramer, an actress in the adolescent play One Tree Hill, released a country album in 2012 that has produced two strike singles as of 2013. Actresses Hayden Panettiere and Connie Britton began recording area songs as part of their roles in the television receiver shows Nashville and Pretty Little Liars star Lucy Hale released her debut album Road Between in 2014. In 2010, the group Lady Antebellum won five Grammys, including the coveted Song of the year and Record of the class for “ Need You now “. [ 129 ] A large act of duet and song groups emerged on the charts in the 2010s, many of which feature of speech close harmony in the lead vocals. In summation to Lady A, groups such as Little Big Town, the Band Perry, Gloriana, Thompson Square, Eli Young Band, Zac Brown Band and British duo the Shires have emerged to occupy a big partake of mainstream achiever alongside solo singers such as Kacey Musgraves and Miranda Lambert .
One of the most commercially successful country artists of the late 2000s and early 2010s has been singer-songwriter Taylor Swift. Swift first became wide known in 2006 when her debut single, “ Tim McGraw, ” was released when Swift was only 16 years honest-to-god. In 2006, Swift released her self-titled introduction studio album, which spent 275 weeks on Billboard 200, one of the longest runs of any album on that graph. In 2008, Taylor Swift released her second studio apartment album, Fearless, which made her the irregular longest number-one charted on Billboard 200 and the moment best-selling album ( just behind Adele ‘s 21 ) within the past 5 years. At the 2010 Grammys, Taylor Swift was 20 and won Album of the class for Fearless, which made her the youngest artist to win this award. Swift has received ten Grammys already. Buoyed by her adolescent paragon condition among girls and a change in the methodology of compiling the Billboard charts to favor pop-crossover songs, Swift ‘s 2012 single “ We Are never ever Getting Back Together “ spent the most weeks at the exceed of Billboard ‘s Hot 100 chart and Hot Country Songs chart of any song in closely five decades. The song ‘s long run at the top of the chart was slightly controversial, as the song is largely a toss off song without much country influence and its achiever on the charts driven by a change to the chart ‘s criteria to include airplay on non-country radio stations, prompting disputes over what constitutes a nation song ; many of Swift ‘s later releases, such as album 1989 ( 2014 ), Reputation ( 2017 ), and Lover ( 2019 ) were released entirely to pop audiences. [ 130 ] [ 131 ] [ 132 ] Swift returned to state music in her holocene folk-inspired releases, Folklore ( 2020 ) and Evermore ( 2020 ), with songs like “ Betty “ and “ No Body, No Crime “ .

National patriotism [edit ]

Roots of conservative area was Lee Greenwood ‘s “ God Bless the USA ”. The September 11 attacks of 2001 and the economic recession helped move nation music back into the limelight. many state artists, such as Alan Jackson with his ballad on terrorist attacks, “ Where Were You ( When the World Stopped Turning ) “, wrote songs that celebrated the military, highlighted the gospel, and emphasized home and family values over wealth. Alt-Country singer Ryan Adams sung “ New York, New York “ pays tribute to New York City, and its popular music video ( which was changeable 4 days before the attacks ) shows Adams playing in front of the Manhattan horizon, Along with several shots of the city. In line, more rock-oriented country singers took more direct aim at the attacks ‘ perpetrators ; Toby Keith ‘s “ Courtesy of the Red, White and Blue ( The Angry American ) “ threatened to “ a boot in ” the later of the enemy, while Charlie Daniels ‘s “ This Ai n’t No Rag, It ‘s a Flag “ promised to “ hunt ” the perpetrators “ down like a delirious chase cad. ” These songs gained such recognition that it put area music back into popular culture. [ 133 ] Darryl Worley recorded “ Have You Forgotten ” besides .

influence of rock music [edit ]

The influence of rock ‘n’ roll music in area has become more overt during the late 2000s and early 2010s as artists like Eric Church, Jason Aldean, and Brantley Gilbert have had achiever ; Aaron Lewis, former frontman for the rock group Staind, had a moderately successful introduction into state music in 2011 and 2012, as did Dallas Smith, early frontman of the isthmus Default .

Bro nation [edit ]

In the early 2010s, “ bro-country “, a writing style noted chiefly for its themes on drink and party, girls, and pickup trucks became particularly popular. [ 134 ] [ 135 ] noteworthy artists associated with this genre are Luke Bryan, Jason Aldean, Blake Shelton, Jake Owen and Florida Georgia Line whose song “ Cruise “ became the best-selling state song of all time. [ 23 ] [ 136 ] Research in the mid-2010s suggested that about 45 percentage of country ‘s best-selling songs could be considered bro-country, with the top two artists being Luke Bryan and Florida Georgia Line. [ 137 ] Albums by bro-country singers besides sold very well—in 2013, Luke Bryan ‘s Crash My Party was the third base best-selling of all albums in the United States, with Florida Georgia Line ‘s Here’s to the Good Times at sixth, and Blake Shelton ‘s Based on a True Story at ninth. [ 138 ] It is besides thought that the popularity of bro-country helped country music to surpass classic rock as the most popular genre in the american country in 2012. [ 138 ] The writing style however is controversial as it has been criticized by early area musicians and commentators over its themes and delineation of women, [ 139 ] [ 140 ] [ 141 ] opening up a separate between the older generation of country singers and the younger bro country singers that was described as “ civil war ” by musicians, critics, and journalists. ” [ 142 ] In 2014, Maddie & Tae ‘s “ Girl in a nation Song “, addressing many of the controversial bro-country themes, peaked at total one on the Billboard Country Airplay chart .

Texas Country [edit ]

The Lone Star state can proudly claim some of the most talented musicians in country music. These artists have created large Texas based fan communities that regularly attend live shows throughout the state and of course tune in to listen to their favorite songs on radio stations in Texas and beyond. Texas country music has developed a secondary music graph to that of the area music chart based in Nashville. The Texas Country Music Chart is composed of artists who were born, rest or have connections to Texas. Artists on this graph are huge stars within the region of Texas and the reach of Texas state radio airplay. The bring these artists have made is not only crucial for Texas music, but country music in general. Artists presently paving the room for the bomber writing style include Cody Johnson, Aaron Watson and many others who fail to receive recognition from the state music residential district in Nashville. traditional artists within Texas nation include Bruce Robison, The Randy Rogers Band, Roger Creager, Pat Green and numerous other influential artists. Texas area music is a massive sleeping giant in the music industry and with growing interest and talent from the area and radio receiver airplay, the area music setting is expecting change via Texas based artists .

Bluegrass nation [edit ]

Bluegrass Country is a writing style that contain songs about going through unvoiced times, country sleep together, and telling stories. Newer artists like Billy Strings, the Grascals, Molly Tuttle, Tyler Childers and the ill-famed Stringdusters have been increasing the popularity of this genre, alongside some of the genres more conventional stars who still remain popular including Rhonda Vincent, Alison Krauss and Union Station, Ricky Skaggs and Del McCoury. The genre has developed in the Northern Kentucky and Cincinnati sphere. other artists include Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, [ 143 ] Johnny Cash, [ 144 ] Osborne Brothers, and many others .

Americana [edit ]

In an attempt to combat the over-reliance of mainstream state music on pop-infused artists, the sister writing style of Americana began to gain popularity and increase in bulge, receiving eight Grammy categories of its own in 2009. Americana music incorporates elements of state music, bluegrass, family, blues, gospel, rhythm and blues, roots rock and southern person and is oversee by the Americana Music Association and the Americana Music Honors & Awards. [ 145 ] As a resultant role of an increasingly pop-leaning mainstream, many more traditional-sounding artists such as Tyler Childers, Zach Bryan and Old Crow Medicine Show began to associate themselves more with Americana and the alternative country scene where their audio was more celebrated. similarly, many established nation acts who no long received commercial airplay, including Emmylou Harris and Lyle Lovett, began to flourish again. [ 146 ]

contemporaneous country [edit ]

In the mid to late 2010s, country music began to increasingly sound more like the style of contemporary Pop music, [ 125 ] with more simple and repetitive lyrics, more electronic-based instrumentation, and experiment with “ talk-singing ” and rap, pop-country pulled farther away from the traditional sounds of country music and received criticisms from country music purists while gaining in popularity with mainstream audiences. [ 148 ] The topics addressed have besides changed, turning controversial such as credence of the LGBT community, safe sex, amateur cannabis consumption, and questioning religious sentiment. [ 126 ] Influences besides come from some pop music artists ‘ concern in the state music genre, including Justin Timberlake with the album Man of the Woods, [ 149 ] Beyoncé ‘s individual “ Daddy Lessons “ from Lemonade, [ 150 ] Gwen Stefani with “ cipher but You “, [ 151 ] Bruno Mars, [ 152 ] Lady Gaga, [ 153 ] Alicia Keys, [ 154 ] Kelly Clarkson, [ 128 ] and Pink. [ 155 ] Some modern artists that chiefly or wholly produce country popular music include Kacey Musgraves, Maren Morris, Kelsea Ballerini, Sam Hunt, Kane Brown, Chris Lane, and Dan + Shay. [ 156 ] The singers who are depart of this area campaign are besides defined as “ Nashville ‘s new generation of country ”. [ 157 ] Although the changes made by the newly coevals, it has been recognized by major music awards associations and randomness uccesses in Billboard and external charts. Golden Hour by Kacey Musgraves won album of the class at 61st annual Grammy Awards, Academy of Country Music Awards, Country Music Association Awards, [ 158 ] although it has received widespread criticism from the more hidebound populace. [ 159 ] Lil Nas X song “ Old Town Road “ spent 19 weeks atop the US Billboard Hot 100 chart, becoming the longest-running number-one song since the chart debuted in 1958, winning Billboard Music Awards, MTV Video Music Awards and Grammy Award. [ 160 ] Sam Hunt “ Leave the Night On “ peaked concurrently on the Hot Country Songs and Country Airplay charts, making Hunt the first country artist in 22 years, since Billy Ray Cyrus, to reach the top of three nation charts simultaneously in the Nielsen SoundScan -era. [ 161 ] Maren Morris achiever collaboration “ The Middle “ with EDM producer Zedd is considered one of the representations of the coalition of electro-pop with state music. [ 162 ]

International [edit ]

Australia [edit ]

australian nation music has a long tradition. Influenced by US country music, it has developed a clear-cut style, shaped by british and irish tribe ballads and australian bush balladeers like Henry Lawson and Banjo Paterson. country instruments, including the guitar, banjo, tamper and harmonica, create the classifiable voice of area music in Australia and attach to songs with hard storyline and memorable chorus. Folk songs sing in Australia between the 1780s and 1920s, based around such themes as the struggle against government absolutism, or the lives of bushrangers, swagmen, drovers, stockmen and shearers, continue to influence the genre. This tune of australian state, with lyrics focusing on australian subjects, is generally known as “ bush-league music ” or “ bush band music ”. “ Waltzing Matilda “, much regarded as Australia ‘s unofficial national hymn, is a quintessential australian nation song, influenced more by british and irish folk music ballads than by US area and westerly music. The lyrics were composed by the poet Banjo Paterson in 1895. other popular songs from this custom include “ The Wild Colonial Boy “, “ Click Go the Shears “, “ The Queensland Drover ” and “ The Dying Stockman ”. Later themes which endure to the present include the experiences of war, of droughts and flooding rains, of Aboriginality and of the railways and hauling routes which link Australia ‘s huge distances. [ 163 ] [ 164 ] Pioneers of a more americanize democratic state music in Australia included Tex Morton ( known as “ The Father of australian Country Music ” ) in the 1930s. writer Andrew Smith delivers a through research and engaged view of Tex Morton ‘s animation and his impact on the area music picture in Australia in the 1930s and 1940s. other early stars included Buddy Williams, Shirley Thoms and Smoky Dawson. Buddy Williams ( 1918–1986 ) was the first Australian-born to record country music in Australia in the late 1930s and was the pioneer of a distinctly australian manner of country music called the shrub ballad that others such as Slim Dusty would make popular in belated years. During the second World War, many of Buddy Williams recording sessions were done whilst on leave from the Army. At the end of the war, Williams would go on to operate some of the largest travelling camp rodeo shows Australia has ever seen. In 1952, Dawson began a radio show and went on to national stardom as a singing cowboy of radio, television and movie. Slim Dusty ( 1927–2003 ) was known as the “ King of australian Country Music ” and helped to popularise the australian pubic hair ballad. His successful career spanned about six decades, and his 1957 hit “ A Pub with No Beer “ was the biggest-selling record by an australian to that clock, and with over seven million record sales in Australia he is the most successful artist in australian melodious history. [ 165 ] Dusty recorded and released his one-hundredth album in the year 2000 and was given the honor of singing “ Waltzing Matilda “ in the shutting ceremony of the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. Dusty ‘s wife Joy McKean penned respective of his most popular songs .
Chad Morgan, who began recording in the 1950s, has represented a vaudeville vogue of comedian australian country ; Frank Ifield achieved considerable success in the early 1960s, specially in the UK Singles Charts and Reg Lindsay was one of the first Australians to perform at Nashville ‘s Grand Ole Opry in 1974. [ 166 ] Eric Bogle ‘s 1972 family elegy to the Gallipoli Campaign “ And the Band Played Waltzing Matilda “ recalled the british and irish origins of australian folk-country. Singer-songwriter Paul Kelly, whose music stylus straddles folk music, rock and country, is much described as the poet laureate of australian music. [ 167 ] By the 1990s, country music had attained crossing achiever in the pop charts, with artists like James Blundell and James Reyne singing “ Way Out West “, and area star Kasey Chambers winning the ARIA Award for Best Female Artist in three years ( 2000, 2002 and 2004 ), tying with pop stars Wendy Matthews and Sia for the most wins in that category. Furthermore, Chambers has gone on to win nine ARIA Awards for Best Country Album and, in 2018, became the youngest artist to ever be inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame. The crossing influence of australian area is besides apparent in the music of successful contemporary bands the Waifs and the John Butler Trio. Nick Cave has been heavily influenced by the nation artist Johnny Cash. In 2000, Cash, covered Cave ‘s “ The Mercy Seat “ on the album American III: Solitary Man, apparently repaying Cave for the compliment he paid by covering Cash ‘s “ The Singer ” ( primitively “ The Folk Singer “ ) on his Kicking Against the Pricks album. subsequently, Cave cut a duet with Cash on a adaptation of Hank Williams ‘ “ I ‘m so Lonesome I Could Cry “ for Cash ‘s American IV: The Man Comes Around album ( 2002 ). [ 168 ] democratic contemporaneous performers of australian country music include John Williamson ( who wrote the iconic “ True Blue “ ), Lee Kernaghan ( whose hits include “ Boys from the Bush ” and “ The Outback Club “ ), Gina Jeffreys, Forever Road and Sara Storer. In the U.S., Olivia Newton-John, Sherrié Austin and Keith Urban have attained great success. During her clock as a nation singer in the 1970s, Newton-John became the beginning ( and to date entirely ) non-US winner of the Country Music Association Award for Female Vocalist of the Year which many considered a controversial decision by the CMA ; after starring in the rock ‘n’ roll musical film Grease in 1978, Newton-John ( mirroring the character she played in the movie ) shifted to pop music in the 1980s. Urban is arguably considered the most successful external australian nation star topology, winning nine CMA Awards, including three Male Vocalist of the Year wins and two wins of the CMA ‘s top honor Entertainer of the Year. Pop star Kylie Minogue found achiever with her 2018 area pop album Golden which she recorded in Nashville reaching total one in Scotland, the UK and her native Australia. area music has been a peculiarly democratic form of melodious expression among autochthonal Australians. Troy Cassar-Daley is among Australia ‘s successful contemporary autochthonal performers, and Kev Carmody and Archie Roach employ a combination of folk-rock and area music to sing about Aboriginal rights issues. [ 169 ] The Tamworth Country Music Festival began in 1973 and now attracts up to 100,000 visitors annually. Held in Tamworth, New South Wales ( state music capital of Australia ), it celebrates the culture and inheritance of australian country music. During the festival the CMAA holds the Country Music Awards of Australia ceremony awarding the Golden Guitar trophies. other significant nation music festivals include the Whittlesea Country Music Festival ( near Melbourne ) and the Mildura Country Music Festival for “ freelancer ” performers during October, and the Canberra Country Music Festival held in the national capital during November. Country HQ showcases new endowment on the raise in the country music scene down under. CMC ( the Country Music Channel ), a 24‑hour music transmit dedicated to non-stop area music, can be viewed on pay television receiver and features once a year the Golden Guitar Awards, CMAs and CCMAs alongside international shows such as The Wilkinsons, The Road Hammers, and Country Music Across America .

Canada [edit ]

Shania Twain in 2011 Outside of the United States, Canada has the largest area music fan and artist nucleotide, something that is to be expected given the two countries ‘ proximity and cultural parallels. Mainstream country music is culturally ingrained in the prairie provinces, the british Columbia Interior, Ontario, and in Atlantic Canada. [ 170 ] Celtic traditional music developed in Atlantic Canada in the shape of scottish, acadian and irish folk music music popular amongst Irish, French and scottish immigrants to Canada ‘s Atlantic Provinces ( Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island ). [ 170 ] Like the southern United States and Appalachia, all four regions are of heavy british Isles stock and rural ; as such, the development of traditional music in the Maritimes reasonably mirrored the growth of nation music in the US South and Appalachia. Country and Western music never truly develop individually in Canada ; however, after its introduction to Canada, following the outspread of radio, it developed quite quickly out of the Atlantic Canadian traditional scene. While true Atlantic Canadian traditional music is identical celtic or “ ocean chantey “ in nature, flush nowadays, the lines have often been blurred. Certain areas frequently are viewed as embracing one strain or the other more openly. For example, in Newfoundland the traditional music remains unique and irish in nature, whereas traditional musicians in early parts of the region may play both genres interchangeably. Don Messer’s Jubilee was a Halifax, Nova Scotia -based country/folk variety television show that was broadcast nationally from 1957 to 1969. In Canada it out-performed The Ed Sullivan Show circulate from the United States and became the top-rated television show throughout much of the 1960s. Don Messer’s Jubilee followed a consistent format throughout its years, beginning with a tune named “ Goin ‘ to the Barndance Tonight ”, followed by tinker tunes by Messer, songs from some of his “ Islanders ” including singers Marg Osburne and Charlie Chamberlain, the featured guest operation, and a close hymn. It ended with “ Till We Meet Again “. The guest performance slot gave national exposure to numerous canadian family musicians, including Stompin ‘ Tom Connors and Catherine McKinnon. Some nautical country performers went on to farther fame beyond Canada. Hank Snow, Wilf Carter ( besides known as Montana Slim ), and Anne Murray are the three most luminary. The cancellation of the show by the public broadcaster in 1969 caused a countrywide protest, including the raise of questions in the Parliament of Canada. The Prairie provinces, due to their westerly cowboy and agrarian nature, are the genuine heartland of canadian state music. [ 170 ] While the Prairies never developed a traditional music culture anything like the Maritimes, the folk music music of the Prairies much reflected the cultural origins of the settlers, who were a mix of Scottish, Ukrainian, German and others. For these reasons polkas and western music were always popular in the region, and with the introduction of the radio, mainstream country music flourished. As the culture of the region is western and frontier in nature, the particular genre of area and western is more popular today in the Prairies than in any early character of the country. No other area of the state embraces all aspects of the culture, from two-step dance, to the cowboy full-dress, to rodeos, to the music itself, like the Prairies do. The Atlantic Provinces, on the other hand, produce far more traditional musicians, but they are not normally specifically country in nature, normally bordering more on the family or celtic genres. [ 170 ] canadian state pop star Shania Twain is the best-selling female nation artist of all time and one of the best-selling artists of all meter in any genre. [ 171 ] [ 172 ] Furthermore, she is the lone charwoman to have three consecutive albums be certified Diamond .

Mexico and Latin America [edit ]

Country music artists from the U.S. have seen crossover voter appeal with latin american english audiences, particularly in Mexico. specially artists from the Southwestern United States in the genres of New Mexico music and Tejano “ Tex-Mex ” which are popular, throughout Latin America, beyond their New Mexico and Texas audiences. many Country music artists from throughout the U.S. have recorded renditions of Mexican folk music songs, including “ El Rey “ which was performed on George Strait ‘s Twang album and during Al Hurricane ‘s tribute concert. tied american Latin pop crossover musicians, like Lorenzo Antonio ‘s “ Ranchera Jam ” have combined mexican staples “ Cielito Lindo “ and Tito Guízar ‘s “ Allá en el Rancho Grande “ with country music classics Johnny Cash ‘s “ Folsom Prison Blues “ and Hank Williams ‘ “ Jambalaya ( On the Bayou ) “, in a New Mexico music expressive style. During the 1970s, Tejano music singer-songwriter Freddy Fender had two # 1 country music singles, that were popular throughout North America, with “ Before the future Teardrop Falls “ and “ otiose Days and Wasted Nights “. Songs inspired by Hispanic and latin culture have long been performed by US country music artists, including Marty Robbins ‘ “ El Paso “ trilogy, Willie Nelson and Merle Haggard covering the Townes Van Zandt song “ Pancho and Lefty “, “ Toes “ by Zac Brown Band, and “ Sangria “ by Blake Shelton. regional Mexican is a radio receiver format featuring many of Mexico ‘s versions of area music. It includes a number of different styles, normally named after their region of origin. One specific song stylus, the Canción Ranchera, or just Ranchera, literally meaning “ ranch sung ”, found its origins in the Mexican countryside and was beginning popularized with Mariachi. It has since besides become popular with Grupero, Banda, Norteño, Tierra Caliente, Duranguense and other regional mexican styles. The Corrido, a different song style with a similar history, is besides performed in many other regional styles, and is most relate to the western style of the United States and Canada. Country en Español ( Country in Spanish ) is besides popular in Mexico. It became big in the northern regions of the state during the 1980s, and it most resemble Neotraditional country. other birdcall styles performed in regional Mexican music include Ballads, Cumbias, Boleros, among others. In Brazil, there is Música Sertaneja, the most popular music genre in that area. It originated in the countryside of São Paulo state in the 1910s, before the development of US area music. In Argentina, on the last weekend of September, the annually San Pedro Country Music Festival [ 173 ] [ better source needed ] takes place in the town of San Pedro, Buenos Aires. The festival features bands from unlike places in Argentina, a well as international artists from Brazil, Uruguay, Chile, Peru and the U.S .

United Kingdom [edit ]

Country music is popular in the United Kingdom, although slightly less so than in other english-speaking countries. There are some british state music acts and publications. Although radio receiver stations devoted to state are among the most popular in early Anglophone nations, none of the circus tent ten-spot most-listened-to stations in the UK are country stations, and national broadcaster BBC Radio does not offer a full-time country station ( BBC Radio 2 Country, a “ pop-up book ” station, operated four days each year between 2015 and 2017 ). The BBC does offer a country indicate on BBC Radio 2 each workweek hosted by Bob Harris. [ 174 ] The most successful british country music act of the twenty-first century are Ward Thomas and the Shires. In 2015, the Shires ‘ album Brave, became the first UK country act ever to chart in the top 10 of the UK Albums Chart and they became the beginning UK area act to receive an award from the american Country Music Association. [ 175 ] In 2016, Ward Thomas then became the first UK state act to hit number 1 in the UK Albums Chart with their album Cartwheels. There is the C2C : state to Country festival held every year, and for many years there was a festival at Wembley Arena, which was broadcast on the BBC, the International Festivals of Country Music, promoted by Mervyn Conn, held at the venue between 1969 and 1991. The shows were later taken into Europe, and featured such stars as Johnny Cash, Dolly Parton, Tammy Wynette, David Allan Coe, Emmylou Harris, Boxcar Willie, Johnny Russell and Jerry Lee Lewis. A handful of state musicians had even greater success in mainstream british music than they did in the U.S., despite a certain sum of contempt from the music press. Britain ‘s largest music festival Glastonbury has featured major US country acts in holocene years, such as Kenny Rogers in 2013 and Dolly Parton in 2014 .
From within the UK, few state musicians achieved far-flung mainstream success. many british singers who performed the periodic country songs are of other genres. Tom Jones, by this point near the end of his point success as a pop singer, had a string of country hits in the deep 1970s and early 1980s. The Bee Gees had some evanesce success in the genre, with one nation hit as artists ( “ Rest Your Love on Me “ ) and a major strike as songwriters ( “ Islands in the Stream “ ) ; Barry Gibb, the isthmus ‘s usual lead singer and last survive member, acknowledged that state music was a major influence on the band ‘s style. [ 176 ] Singer Engelbert Humperdinck, while charting only once in the U.S. area top 40 with “ After the Lovin ‘, ” achieved widespread achiever on both the U.S. and british start charts with his covers of Nashville country ballads such as “ Release Me, ” “ Am I That Easy to Forget “ and “ There Goes My Everything. ” The songwriting bicycle-built-for-two of Roger Cook and Roger Greenaway wrote a number of area hits, in addition to their widespread success in pop songwriting ; Cook is celebrated for being the only Briton to be inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame. Welsh singer Bonnie Tyler initially started her career making area records, and in 1978 her single “ It ‘s a Heartache “ reached total four on the UK Singles Chart. In 2013, Tyler returned to her roots, blending the country elements of her early sour with the rock of her successful material on her album Rocks and Honey which featured a couple with Vince Gill. A niche country subgenre democratic in the West Country is Scrumpy and Western, which consists largely of novelty songs and drollery music recorded there ( its appoint comes from scrumpy, an alcoholic beverage ). A chiefly local pastime, the largest scrumpy and western hit in the UK and Ireland was “ The Combine Harvester, ” which pioneered the writing style and reached count one in both the UK and Ireland ; Fred Wedlock had a number-six hit in 1981 with “ The Oldest swinger in Town. ”

ireland [edit ]

In Ireland, Country and Irish is a music writing style that combines traditional irish folk music music with US nation music. Television impart TG4 began a quest for Ireland ‘s adjacent nation asterisk called Glór Tíre, translated as “ Country Voice ”. It is now in its one-sixth temper and is one of TG4 ‘s most-watched television shows. Over the by ten years, state and gospel recording artist James Kilbane has reached multi-platinum success with his mix of Christian and traditional state influenced albums. James Kilbane like many other irish artists is today working closer with Nashville. Daniel O’Donnell achieved external success with his brand of music crossing country, Irish folk and european easily listen, earning a strong follow among older women [ 177 ] both in the british Isles and in North America. A recent success in the Irish stadium has been Crystal Swing .

other external country music [edit ]

Tom Roland, from the Country Music Association International, explains country music ‘s global popularity : “ In this respect, at least, Country Music listeners around the earth have something in common with those in the United States. In Germany, for case, Rohrbach identifies three general groups that gravitate to the genre : people intrigued with the US cowboy icon, middle-aged fans who seek an alternative to harder rock candy music and younger listeners drawn to the pop-influenced voice that underscores many current Country hits. ” [ 178 ] One of the first US people to perform state music afield was George Hamilton IV. He was the first area musician to perform in the Soviet Union ; he besides toured in Australia and the Middle East. He was deemed the “ International Ambassador of Country Music ” for his contributions to the globalization of nation music. [ 179 ] Johnny Cash, Emmylou Harris, Keith Urban, and Dwight Yoakam have besides made numerous external tours. [ 178 ] The Country Music Association undertakes assorted initiatives to promote nation music internationally. [ 178 ]

asia [edit ]

In India, the anglo-indian residential district is well known for enjoying and performing area music. An annual concert festival called “ Blazing Guitars ” [ 180 ] held in Chennai brings together anglo-indian musicians from all over the country ( including some who have emigrated to places like Australia ). The year 2003 brought home – grow indian, Bobby Cash to the forefront of the nation music culture in India when he became India ‘s first base international country music artist to chart singles in Australia. In Iran, state music has appeared in recent years. According to Melody Music Magazine, the pioneer of area music in Iran is the english-speaking country music band Dream Rovers, whose founder, singer and songwriter is Erfan Rezayatbakhsh ( elf ). [ 181 ] The band was formed in 2007 in Tehran, [ 182 ] and during this time they have been trying to introduce and popularize state music in Iran by releasing two studio albums [ 183 ] and performing survive at concerts, despite the difficulties that the Islamic government in Iran makes for bands that are active in the western music battlefield. [ 184 ] In Japan, electronic music producer and DJ Yasutaka Nakata started to create a country-folk style of music for model and entertainer Mito Natsume. Mito ‘s activities as a singer has yielded to her debut studio album, Natsumelo, in 2017. In the Philippines, state music has found their manner into Cordilleran manner of life, which much compares the Igorot life style to that of US cowboys. Baguio City has an FM post that caters to country music, DZWR 99.9 Country, which is part of the Catholic Media Network. Bombo Radyo Baguio has a segment on its Sunday slot for Igorot, Ilocano and state music. And as of recently, DWUB occasionally plays state music .

Continental Europe [edit ]

Vanha Isäntä, a finnish state rock ring, performing at the Helsinki Festival ‘s alfresco concert in Kaivopuisto in 1974. Seppo Sillanpää ( violin ) on the leave and Olli Haavisto ( guitar ) on the right. In Sweden, Rednex rose to stardom combining country music with electro-pop in the 1990s. In 1994, the group had a global hit with their translation of the traditional Southern tune “ Cotton-Eyed Joe “. Artists popularizing more traditional nation music in Sweden have been Ann-Louise Hanson, Hasse Andersson, Kikki Danielsson, Elisabeth Andreassen and Jill Johnson. In Poland an international state music festival, known as Piknik Country, has been organised in Mrągowo in Masuria since 1983. There are more and more country music artists in France. Some of the most significant are Liane Edwards, Annabel, Rockie Mountains, Tahiana, and Lili West. french rock and scroll ace Eddy Mitchell is besides identical inspired by Americana and area music. In the Netherlands there are many artists producing popular nation and Americana music, which is largely in the english language, a well as dutch country and country-like music in the dutch language. The latter is chiefly popular on the countrysides in the northerly and easterly parts of the Netherlands and is less associated with his US brother, although it sounds sometimes very exchangeable. long-familiar popular artists chiefly performing in English are Waylon, Danny Vera, Ilse DeLange, Douwe Bob and the ring Savannah. The most democratic artist in Dutch is Henk Wijngaard .

Performers and shows [edit ]

US cable television receiver [edit ]

several US television networks are at least partially devoted to the genre : area Music Television ( the foremost channel devoted to country music ) and CMT Music ( both owned by Paramount Global ), RFD-TV and The Cowboy Channel ( both owned by rural Media Group ), Heartland ( owned by Get After It Media ), Circle ( a articulation venture of the Grand Ole Opry and Gray Television ), and The Country Network ( owned by TCN Country, LLC ). The Nashville Network ( TNN ) was launched in 1983 as a distribution channel devoted to nation music, and belated added sports and outdoor life style scheduling. It actually launched good two days after CMT. In 2000, after TNN and CMT fell under the like bodied ownership, TNN was stripped of its state format and rebranded as The National Network, then Spike, and last Paramount Network in 2018, but rumored to be as “ Paramount Movie Network. TNN was later revived from 2012 to 2013 after Jim Owens Entertainment ( the company responsible for big TNN hosts Crook & Chase ) acquired the trademark and licensed it to Luken Communications ; that groove renamed itself Heartland after Luken was embroiled in an unrelated quarrel that left the company bankrupt. great american Country ( GAC ) was launched in 1995, besides as a country music-oriented groove that would late add life style programming pertaining to the american Heartland and South. In bounce 2021, GAC ‘s then-owner, Discovery, Inc. divested the net to GAC Media, which besides acquired the equestrian network Ride television receiver. late, in the summer of that class, GAC Media relaunched Great american Country as GAC Family, a family-oriented general entertainment net, while Ride TV was relaunched as GAC Living, a network devoted to programming pertaining to lifestyles of the American South. The GAC acronym which once stood for “ capital american Country ” nowadays stands for “ great american Channels ” .

canadian television receiver [edit ]

entirely one television channel was dedicated to country music in Canada : CMT owned by Corus Entertainment ( 90 % ) and Viacom ( 10 % ). however, the lift of stern writing style license restrictions saw the net remove the last of its music scheduling at the end of August 2017 for a schedule of generic off-network kin sitcoms, Cancom -compliant life style program, and world program. In the past, the current-day Cottage Life network saw some country focus as Country Canada and late, CBC Country Canada before that network drifted into an alternate network for overflow CBC capacity as Bold. Stingray Music continues to maintain several country music audio-only channels on cable radio. In the by, nation music had an across-the-board presence, specially on the canadian national broadcaster, CBC Television. The show Don Messer’s Jubilee significantly feign country music in Canada ; for case, it was the program that launched Anne Murray ‘s career. Gordie Tapp ‘s Country Hoedown and its successor, The Tommy Hunter Show, ran for a combined 36 years on the CBC, from 1956 to 1992 ; in its stopping point nine years on air, the U.S. cable television network TNN carried Hunter ‘s testify .

australian cable television receiver [edit ]

The lone net dedicated to country music in Australia was the Country Music Channel owned by Foxtel. It ceased operations in June 2020 and was replaced by CMT ( owned by network 10 parent company Paramount Networks UK & Australia ). [ citation needed ]

british digital television [edit ]

One music video channel is now dedicated to state music in the United Kingdom : Spotlight TV, owned by Canis Media .

Festivals [edit ]

criticism [edit ]

Subgenres misrepresented on stream services [edit ]

Computer science and music experts identified issues with algorithm on streaming services such as Spotify and Apple Music, specifically the categorical homogenization of music curation and metadata within larger genres such as country music. Musicians and songs from minority inheritance styles, such as appalachian, Cajun, New Mexico, and Tejano music, underperform on these platforms due to underrepresentation and miscategorization of these subgenres. [ 185 ] [ 186 ] [ 78 ] [ 187 ] [ 188 ]

Race issue in mod state music [edit ]

The Country Music Association has awarded the New Artist award to a Black American entirely doubly in 63 years, and never to a hispanic musician. The broader advanced Nashville -based Country music industry has underrepresented significant Black and Latino contributions within Country music, including popular subgenres such as Cajun, Creole, Tejano, and New Mexico music. [ 189 ] [ 190 ] [ 191 ] A 2021 CNN article states, “ Some in area music have signaled that they are no longer content to be associated with a painful history of racism. ” [ 190 ] [ 192 ] [ 193 ] In February 2021, TMZ released a video of Morgan Wallen that was recorded outside his Nashville home in which he used a racial slur. The incident resulted in Morgan Wallen ‘s suspension from his record pronounce and the removal of his music from major radio networks in the United States. [ 194 ] The Country Music Association awarded Wallen its New Artist of the Year award in 2020, but even in the wake of Wallen ‘s habit of the slur the administration has declined to revoke the prize, possibly because Wallen ‘s music experienced a surge in commercial success following the incident. [ 195 ] [ 196 ] Black country-music artist Mickey Guyton has been included among the nominees for the 2021 award, effectively creating a litmus-test for the genre. Guyton has expressed bewilderment that, despite solid coverage by on-line platforms like Spotify and Apple Music, her music, like that of Valerie June, [ 197 ] [ circular reference ] another Black musician who embraces aspects of state in her Appalachian- and Gospel-tinged influence and who has been embraced by international music audiences, is still efficaciously ignored by american english circulate country-music radio. [ 198 ] Guyton ‘s 2021 album Remember Her Name in region references the subject of Black health-care professional Breonna Taylor, [ 199 ] [ circular reference ] who was killed in her home by patrol. [ 200 ]

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

farther recitation [edit ]

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