1940 birdcall copyrighted and published by Jimmie Davis and Charles Mitchell
You Are My Sunshine “ is a sung published by Jimmie Davis and Charles Mitchell [ 4 ] [ 5 ] in 1940. According to Broadcast Music, Inc. ( BMI ), the song has been recorded by over 350 artists and translated into 30 languages. [ 6 ] In 1977, the Louisiana State Legislature decreed that “ You Are My Sunshine ” would be a state song, in honor of Davis, a two-time governor of the state of matter. [ 7 ]

Writing and recording [edit ]

Earliest performances and recordings [edit ]

“You Are My Sunshine”
Pine Ridge Boys - You Are My Sunshine 78 (Bluebird).jpg
Single by The Pine Ridge Boys
Released October 6, 1939 ( )

Recorded August 22, 1939 ( )[9]
Studio Atlanta, Georgia
Genre Hillbilly




Label Bluebird B-8263
Songwriter(s) not listed

The Pine Ridge Boys ( Marvin Taylor and Doug Spivey ) recorded the sung under the title “ You Are My Sunshine ” on August 22, 1939, and released it on October 6 for Bluebird Records, besides known as Victor ‘s budget label. “ The Boys ” were from Atlanta where they recorded the song. [ 10 ] No songwriter was listed. The Rice Brothers ‘ Gang recorded the song following for Decca, on September 13, 1939, [ 11 ] and released it the following calendar month. This group was primitively from Northern Georgia, but relocated to Shreveport, LA, where they performed on the radio station KWKH. The songwriter was listed as “ Paul Rice ” .

Copyright and issue [edit ]

On January 30, 1940, “ You Are My Sunshine ” was copyrighted by Jimmie Davis and Charles Mitchell and published by southern Music Publishing Co., Inc. of New York. [ 12 ] The couple recorded the sung on February 5, 1940, at Decca Studios in New York. [ 13 ] Both received song-writing credit and when the copyright was renewed on February 2, 1967 both of their names were on it. [ 14 ] Southern Music Publishing Co., Inc. is still run by the Peer Family, though BMI now lists it under American Performing Rights Society, Inc., besides known by its acronym, APRS, c/o Peermusic. [ 15 ] [ 16 ]

Claims of possession [edit ]

According to a November 1990 article by Theodore Pappas, in Chronicles Magazine, the true writer of the song was Oliver Hood of LaGrange, Georgia. [ 17 ] He asserts that Davis never actually claimed writing because he bought the birdcall, along with all the rights, from Paul Rice before copyright and publishing – a drill not uncommon in the pre- World War II music business. [ 18 ] Though some early versions of the sung accredit the Rice Brothers, but descendants and associates of Oliver Hood, a musician who collaborated with Rice, express that Hood wrote the birdcall in the early 1930s and first performed it in 1933, at a Veterans of Foreign Wars conventionality at LaGrange. [ 18 ] A newspaper article in the Shreveport Times relate, “ on a day in 1939 – no one seems to remember the exact date – Charles Mitchell and Jimmie Davis called the post KWKH to see Paul Rice ( who was playing there at the time ). Paul ’ s wife was in the hospital and he needed cash to pay her bills. He sold ‘Sunshine ‘ to Davis and Mitchell for $ 35. Each put in 17.50. ” [ 19 ] Paul Rice said, “ I wrote ‘You Are my Sunshine ‘ in 1937. Where I got the estimate for it, a girl over in South Carolina wrote me this retentive letter – it was farseeing about seventeen pages. And she was talking about how I was her sunlight. I got the idea for the birdcall and put a tune to it. ” According to Rice, “ at least 20 people claimed to have written ‘ You Are My Sunshine. ’ I had a gallon write me from California that she wrote it. ” [ 18 ] Davis lived to be 101 years previous, and gave a issue of conflicting accounts. When interviewed by Dorothy Horstman for her 1975 book ‘Sing Your Heart Out Country Boy, ‘ [ 20 ] he didn ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate title authorship of the song, but alternatively related its history of popularity. Tony Russell states, “ though Mitchell ‘s name appears on the copyright listing, he had already sold his half partake to Davis. ” [ 12 ] This is not reflected in the records of the United States Copyright Archives, which give the identify, date and reclamation numeral, “ Charles Mitchell ( A ) ; 2Feb67 ; R403742 ”. [ 21 ]

Chart performance [edit ]

“ You Are My Sunshine ” was one of Jimmie Davis ‘ biggest-selling records ( one reference claims it was “ among the top five area music recordings of that year ” ), [ 18 ] and it has enjoyed continual achiever since. In 1940, the Vocalion version by Bob Atcher and Bonnie Blue Eyes, released in February, went to count 1 on the embryonic Billboard Top Hillbilly Recordings of the Month ( July 27, 1940, issue ). [ 24 ] possibly thanks to the popularity of the Davis and Atcher versions, the original 1939 recording by The Pine Ridge Boys peaked at number 4 on October 26, 1940. [ 25 ] Wayne King and his Orchestra recorded the foremost interpretation to hit the popular music chart on September 4, and reached number 19 on November 9, 1940. [ 26 ] On March 14, 1941, the Gene Autry movie Back in the Saddle debuted with Autry singing “ You Are My Sunshine ” along with his touch song, “ back In The Saddle Again. ” On June 18, [ 27 ] he recorded “ You Are My Sunshine ” at CBS Columbia Square Studio, Hollywood, California, and it was released July 10 on Okeh Records. On July 8, 1941 ( ), Bing Crosby recorded his version at Decca Recording Studios, New York City, besides released in July. Both recordings made the National Best-Selling Charts, [ 28 ] with Autry going to numeral 1 on the Billboard Top Hillbilly Recordings chart on September 27, [ 29 ] where he remained for over 20 weeks, into January 1942. Autry ‘s interpretation remained on the chart for much of 1942, [ 30 ] last bowing out after 50 weeks. [ 31 ] In 1962, a interpretation by Ray Charles, with the Raelettes and Margie Hendrix, reached number one on the Billboard Hot R & B Singles chart and number 7 on its Hot 100 graph. [ 32 ]

Appearances [edit ]

In the 1997, The Simpsons episode “ The Secret War of Lisa Simpson “, Marge Simpson sends a record of herself singing “ You Are My Sunshine ” to her daughter, who is homesick while enrolled in a military school. [ 33 ] Sam Scott of Looper called it “ one of the most mighty moments of melancholy beauty in a series that got them down to an art form. ” [ 34 ] In March 2020, british choirmaster Gareth Malone announced a newfangled first step titled the Great British Home Chorus, a fresh home choir for people internationally whilst everyone was stuck at home during the COVID-19 pandemic. For the finale, Malone orchestrated a choral interpretation of “ You Are My Sunshine ”, with over 11,000 singers taking partially, accompanied by the London Symphony Orchestra. The sung was released as a charity one, with all the profits being donated to NHS Charities Together. [ 35 ]

recognition [edit ]

After Davis ’ second term as governor, his admirers were defeated when Gov. John J. McKeithen vetoed a poster in 1968 that would have made ‘ ’ You Are My Sunshine ’ ’ Louisiana ’ s official song. The reason was that the song said not a son about Louisiana. Virginia Shehee, a long-time Davis family ally and penis of the Louisiana State Senate from 1976 to 1980, reintroduce legislation to make “ You Are My Sunshine ” the official department of state song. [ 36 ] In 1977, the Legislature decreed that “ You Are My Sunshine ” would plowshare honors as the state sung with “ Give Me Louisiana ” by Doralice Fontane. [ 37 ] As the millennium drew near, Hall of Fame organizations started drawing up lists to honor the best music of the twentieth century. On September 2, 1992, Country America magazine designated “ You Are My Sunshine ” 35th on its top 100 Country Songs of All-Time tilt. following, it was among the pre-1950 records selected to join the Grammy Hall of Fame on February 24, 1999, On June 17, Groundbreaking ceremonies were held for the new Country Music Hall of Fame in downtown Nashville, and the event included a guitar marching band, led by Chet Atkins, playing “ Wildwood Flower ” and “ You Are My Sunshine. ” In 2000, the Songwriter ‘s Hall of Fame chose Davis ‘ version of “ You Are My Sunshine ” to receive it ‘s Towering Song Award [ 38 ] [ 39 ] The National Endowment for the Arts ( NEA ) and the Recording Industry Association of America ( RIAA ) published their list of the top 365 “ Songs Of The Century ” on March 7, 2001, and “ You Are My Sunshine ” placed # 14. [ 40 ] The Country Music Foundation published “ Heartaches By The Number, ” celebrating area ‘s “ 500 greatest singles, ” on March 14, 2003, with “ You Are My Sunshine ” by Jimmie Davis on the list. On June 8, 2003, it ranked # 73 on CMT ‘s “ 100 Greatest Songs Of Country Music. ” On March 21, 2013, the National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress added it for long-run preservation. [ 41 ]

References [edit ]