Taoyuan International Airport – Wikipedia

For the previous military use of the facility, see Taoyuan Air Base primary airport serving Taipei, Taiwan
Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport ( IATA : TPE, ICAO : RCTP ) is an external airport serving Taipei and northern Taiwan. Located about 40 km ( 25 nautical mile ) west of Taipei in Dayuan District, Taoyuan, the airport is Taiwan ‘s largest. It was besides the busiest airport in Taiwan before the COVID-19 outbreak in 2021. [ 3 ] It is operated by the Taoyuan International Airport Corporation. In 2016, it was ranked the best airport for its size in the Asia-Pacific region by Airports Council International. [ 4 ] The airport opened for commercial operations in 1979 as Chiang Kai-shek International Airport and was renamed in 2006. [ 5 ] It is an important regional trans-shipment center, passenger hub, and gateway for destinations in Asia, and is one of two international airports that serve Taipei. The other, Taipei Songshan Airport, is located within city limits and served as Taipei ‘s lone international airport until 1979. [ 6 ] Songshan now chiefly serves rent flights, intra-island flights, and limited international flights.

In 2018, Taiwan Taoyuan handled a record 46.5 million passengers and 2.3 billion kg of freight, making it the 11th busiest airport worldwide by international passenger traffic, and 8th busy in terms of external cargo traffic in 2018. [ 7 ] [ 2 ] [ 8 ] It is the main international hub for China Airlines, EVA Air and Starlux Airlines. It is besides a hub of Mandarin Airlines, Uni Air and Tigerair Taiwan .

history [edit ]

In the 1970s, the original airport in Taipei City — Taipei Songshan Airport — had become overcrowd and could not be expanded due to space limitations. therefore, a raw airport was planned to alleviate congestion. [ 6 ] The raw airport opened ( with Terminal 1 ) on 26 February 1979, [ 5 ] as separate of the Ten Major Construction Projects pursued by the government in the 1970s. The airport was originally planned under the name Taoyuan International Airport but was late changed to Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in memory of former President Chiang Kai-shek. [ 9 ] The airport is the independent hub of China Airlines, the Republic of China ‘s masthead carrier, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as EVA Air, a private airline established in 1989. Overcrowding of the airport in recent years prompted the structure of Terminal 2, which was opened on 29 July 2000, [ 5 ] with one-half of its gates operational ; EVA Air was the first airline to move into terminal 2. The remaining gates opened on 21 January 2005 for China Airlines, making China Airlines the entirely airline to operate from both terminals. [ 10 ] The airport has announced construction plans for a third base end. In October 2015, the design of british firm Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners, founded by Pritzker Architecture Prize -laureate Richard Rogers, was chosen for the 640,000 square meter Terminal 3. Over US $ 2.3 billion will be poured into the project, among the most costly constructions in mod min history. The concluding is expected to be opened in 2020 and accommodate 45 million passengers per year, boosting the annually capacity of the airport to 86 million passengers. [ 11 ] once known as Chiang Kai-shek International Airport, it was renamed on 6 September 2006 to its current list. [ 5 ] The airport, primitively planned as Taoyuan International Airport, bore the diagnose of late President Chiang Kai-shek until 2006. [ 5 ] In Chinese, its former name was literally “ Chung-Cheng ( Zhongzheng ) International Airport ”, where Chung-Cheng is the legal given name that Chiang Kai-shek had used since the 1910s. [ 12 ] In Taiwan, Chiang Kai-shek is associated with the chinese Nationalist Party or Kuomintang and its many years of one-party authoritarian rule. [ 9 ] local officials in Taoyuan City and members of the Pan-Green Coalition much referred to the hub by the name originally associated with it : “ Taoyuan International Airport ”. [ 13 ] News organizations and local residents sometimes combined the two normally used names as “ Taoyuan Chung-Cheng Airport. ” [ 13 ] [ 14 ] The Executive Yuan of then- President Chen Shui-bian ‘s administration formally approved the name Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport for the hub on 6 September 2006. [ 15 ] [ 16 ] [ 17 ] [ 18 ] The enemy Kuomintang, which together with its political allies held a one-vote majority in the Legislative Yuan, decried the transfer and proposed “ Taiwan Taoyuan Chiang Kai-shek International Airport ” rather. [ 19 ] The disagreement, like those affecting the names of the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall and other landmarks in Taiwan, stands as another demonstration of the Taiwan localization efforts by pan-Green officials and immunity against it by Pan-Blue Coalition. [ 9 ] The media in mainland China has always referred to the airport as “ Taoyuan International Airport ” so as to avoid mentioning Chiang Kai-shek .

Terminals [edit ]

Morning bang hour at TPE Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport presently has two terminals, which are connected by two short people movers. [ 20 ] The one-third terminal is under construction, while the fourthly terminal is planned, however plans may be halted. The Taoyuan Airport MRT links the terminals together underground, and provides transportation system to Taipei City. [ 21 ] [ 22 ]

end 1 [edit ]

Exterior of Terminal 1 Renovated arrival hall terminal 1 is the original passenger terminal of the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. The building was designed by Chinese-born, Taiwanese-American geomorphologic mastermind Tung-Yen Lin and influenced by Eero Saarinen ‘s Washington Dulles International Airport. [ 23 ] [ 24 ] The five-storey, 169,500 m2 ( 1,824,000 sq foot ) end, along with the airport, opened in 1979 to relieve the overcrowd Taipei Songshan Airport. [ 25 ] All international flights were moved to the airport following the completion of this terminal. terminal 1 featured 22 gates. A quarrel of 11 gates are located on the north end of the airfield facing the north runway and another row of 11 gates are located on the south end airfield facing the south track. The two concourses that contained the airplane gates are linked in concert by a independent construction that contained the check-in areas, baggage claim, passport immigration areas, and security checkpoint areas. together they form a giant “ H ”. All gates are equipped with jetways. Gates located at the end of the concourses have one jetway and besides reducing people and gates not located at the end of the concourses have two jetways. The concluding was in the first place white in color when it foremost opened. As the years gradually passed, the façade and semblance has become more tangent and chicken colored due to air pollution in Taipei. After the completion of Terminal 2, some gates from end 1 were removed to make outer space for Terminal 2. Currently Terminal 1 has 18 gates. [ 26 ] Alphabetical letters were introduced when terminal 2 was completed. The north concourse is now Concourse A and the south concourse is now Concourse B. Before terminal 2, gates were numbered from 1 to 22. China Airlines uses Concourse A for the majority of its flights in Terminal 1, while the third gear largest carrier wave of the airport, Cathay Pacific, operates most of its flights at Concourse B. In 2012, the renovation project of the terminal, designed by japanese architect Norihiko Dan, [ 27 ] was completed, doubling the deck area, expanding check-in counters, increasing shopping areas and expanding car-parking facilities. part of the project was the complete redesign of both the exterior and inside of the terminal. The capacity of Terminal 1 is 15 million passengers per year. [ citation needed ] This renovation received the 2014 Taiwan Architecture Award from the Taiwan Architects Association. [ 28 ]

terminal 2 [edit ]

passing hall Arrivals Hall end 2 opened in 2000 to reduce heavy congestion in the aging Terminal 1. [ 29 ] only the South Concourse had been completed by the time the terminal opened. The south Concourse entirely has 10 gates, each with 2 jetways and their own security checkpoints. The north Concourse opened later in 2005, bringing the sum number of gates for Terminal 2 to 20 gates ; the security checkpoints were moved to a central location in front of the passport control. The 318,000-m2 facility is able of handling 17 million passengers per year. [ 29 ] The Southern and Northern Concourses are besides known as Concourse C and Concourse D, respectively. Terminals 1 and 2 are connected by two short people mover lines, with one from Concourse A to D, and the early from B to C. China Airlines uses Concourse D for the majority of its flights in Terminal 2 while EVA Air uses Concourse C for most of its operations. terminal 2 was planned to increase the terminal ‘s annual passenger capacity by 5 million to 22 million per annum in 2018. Currently Terminal 2 is undergo renovation .

end 3 ( under construction ) [edit ]

construction of Terminal 3 is separate of the expansion project of Taoyuan International Airport. The 640,000 square meter Terminal 3 is designed by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners and will accommodate 45 million passengers per year. [ 11 ] The new terminal was in the first place planned to be opened in 2020. however, the project has been delayed, which postpones its target completion to 2025. [ 30 ]

terminal 4 ( plans halted ) [edit ]

Originally share of the expansion visualize was a new Terminal 4. however, due to the huge amount of construction, the Ministry of Transportation ordered the airport ship’s company to halt the project in order to minimize traveler inconvenience. [ 31 ]

Airlines and destinations [edit ]

passenger [edit ]

cargo [edit ]

Operations [edit ]

Statistics [edit ]

annual passenger traffic at TPE airport. See source Wikidata question

Operations and Statistics[2]
Year Passenger
movements
Airfreight
movements
(kg)
Aircraft
movement
2011 24,947,751 1,627,462,362 163,199
2012 27,836,550 1,577,730,181 180,761
2013 30,701,987 1,571,814,300 194,239
2014 35,804,465 2,088,726,700 208,874
2015 38,473,333 2,021,865,100 221,191
2016 42,296,322 2,097,228,400 244,464
2017 44,878,703 2,269,585,324 246,104
2018 46,535,180 2,322,820,000 256,069
2019 48,689,372 2,182,341,790 265,625
2020 7,438,325 2,342,714,268 118,449
Capacity
Passenger (current) 37,000,000
Passenger (2022) 82,000,000
Cargo (current) 1.7m tonnes

Busiest routes [edit ]

Top Countries (2019)[2]
Rank Country/Region Passengers 2019 % Change 2019 / 18 Passengers 2018
1   10,855,640 Increase 5.6% 10,278,657
2   8,060,472 Increase 0.4% 8,029,380
3   6,109,841 Decrease 3.6% 6,337,734
4   4,174,175 Increase 15.0% 3,629,026
5   3,080,558 Increase 0.1% 3,076,022
6   2,620,847 Increase 14.0% 2,298,615
7   2,309,352 Increase 7.4% 2,150,233
8   2,209,269 Increase 18.9% 1,858,065
9   1,926,444 Increase 4.8% 1,838,828
10   1,459,480 Decrease 2.2% 1,491,790
11   1,290,114 Increase 4.1% 1,239,393
12   758,698 Increase 6.4% 713,215
13   745,525 Decrease 1.3% 754,979
14   568,987 Increase 9.6% 518,959
15   354,931 Increase 0.4% 353,566

The airport is operated by the Taoyuan International Airport Corporation, a caller wholly owned by the Government of Taiwan. The Civil Aeronautics Administration ( CAA ) is responsible for the provision of breeze traffic control condition services, certification of Taiwan registered aircraft, and the rule of general civil air travel activities. The airport has two twin runways, with one 3660 meters in duration and another 3800 meters in length and both 60 meters wide, enabling them to cater to the next genesis of aircraft. Both runways have been given a Category II Precision Approach, which allows pilots to land in only 350-metre visibility. The two runways have an ultimate capacity of over 60 aircraft movements an hour. The Airport is upgrade ATC and runways. There are 41 frontal stands at the chief passenger concourse, 15 remote control stands and 25 cargo stands. In 2015, the airport was the 11th busiest airport worldwide in terms of international passenger numbers, and 6th interfering in terms of international cargo dealings. [ 8 ]

The operation of scheduled vent services to and from Taoyuan is facilitated by air services agreements between Taiwan and other countries. Since the opening of RCTP, the Taiwan Government has implemented a policy of progressive liberalization of breeze services with the intention of promoting consumer choice and competition. many low-cost airlines have started diverse regional routes to compete head-on with full-service carriers on trunk routes. The airport ‘s long terminus expansion opportunities are discipline to variables. A NTD 300 billion proposal to build a third base runway and a third gear concluding has been under feasibility study and reference .

Airport facilities [edit ]

Terminal transit [edit ]

The Skytrain shuttles passengers between Terminals 1 and 2 transportation between Terminal 1 and 2 is provided by the TTIA Skytrain, which transports both passengers who have cleared security system and those who have not through separate train cars. The early way is by taking Taoyuan Airport MRT, It offers free fare between A12 and A13 and Airport Hotel with an electronic ticket ( Easy Card, i-pass ). [ 66 ]

Airport Business Center [edit ]

Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport finished developing the airports business travel center in late 2011. The adeptness is a three-story build located between the inaugural and moment terminals. Business travelers paying to use the locomotion plaza can drive into the airports restricted zone and park their cars immediately in front of the build. This allows business travelers to arrive at the airport a lot closer to the actual passing time versus arriving two hours before deviation time like most regular international passengers are required to do. The commercial enterprise center is equipped with over 15 isolate areas allowing travelers to eat their meals without any distractions or disruptions. The facility besides includes a health spa, sauna, and secondary school that are available for use by travelers. however, all of these luxuries come with a erstwhile price tag of $ 8,000. Travelers who wish to use the facility must make reservations at least three days in advance. Statistics showed that 376 individual jets landed and departed the airport through a six-month timeframe in 2011 ; this is a 100 percentage increase from the same time frame of reference in 2010 .

Huan Yu VIP Terminal [edit ]

Huan Yu VIP Terminal, besides known as the Taoyuan Business Aviation Centre ( TYBAC ), began service in September 2011 and was formally opened in mid-october 2011. [ 67 ] The three-story facility will have its own terminal and facilities separate from the populace terminals. It will provide a multimedia conference room, passenger lounge, secret rooms and showers, resort hotel, sauna, gymnasium, and business centre facilities. [ 67 ] other services that will be provided include labor treat, baggage manage, fuel, security, customs and flight planning. Passengers planning to utilize TYBAC must sign up ( to the taiwanese immigration servicing ) 3 days before use .
Stamp demonstrating successful registration Passengers who are citizens of the R.O.C ( Taiwan ) with valid passports or non-citizens who have ROC ( Taiwan ) Resident Certificate ( ARC/APRC ) can register with facial features and fingerprints for the E-Gate. After registration, the passengers are able to choose either E-Gate or manual of arms immigration clearance when entering or leaving the area. [ 68 ]

baggage and cargo facilities [edit ]

The treatment and department of transportation of chain mail, passenger baggage, cargo, and the operation of aerobridges and passenger stairways in Taoyuan Airport is provided by Taoyuan International Airport Services Limited ( TIAS ) and Evergreen Airline Services ( EGAS ). TTIA presently handles over 1.5 million tonnes of cargo annually. There are two air cargo terminals in the airport : one operated by Taiwan Air Cargo Terminals Limited and the other operated by Evergreen Air Cargo Services .

Aircraft maintenance services [edit ]

China Airlines Engineering and Maintenance Organization ( CALEMO ) and Evergreen Aviation Technologies ( EGAT ) both offers maintenance services at the airport. With its huge infrastructure, CALEMO, with a market share of over 75 %, can offer care avail of five huge airliners at a prison term, for model Boeing 747, or three Boeing 747s and another Airbus A330 at a time. In addition, EGAT is able of aircraft conversion programs, such as the Dreamlifter program. [ citation needed ] In 2022 aerospace company Nordam opened a major components repair adeptness at Taoyuan which will serve as their regional hub replacing operations in Singapore. [ 69 ]

ground transportation system [edit ]

Taoyuan Airport MRT Commuter ( left ) and Express ( right ) trains .

bus [edit ]

patronize buses link the airport to Taipei, [ 70 ] Taoyuan, [ 71 ] Zhongli, [ 72 ] Taichung, [ 73 ] Banqiao, [ 74 ] Changhua, [ 75 ] and THSR ‘s Taoyuan Station. [ 76 ] Bus terminals are show at both terminals .

vilify [edit ]

cab [edit ]

cab queues are outside the arrival halls of both terminals and are available 24 hours a day. They are metered and subject to a 15-percent surcharge. [ 79 ]

car rental [edit ]

cable car rentals are available at both terminals. [ 80 ] The airport is served by National Highway No. 2 .

other facilities [edit ]

CAL Park [edit ]

China Airlines has its headquarters, CAL Park, [ 81 ] on the grounds of Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. CAL Park, located at the airport entrance forms a directly line with Terminal 1, Terminal 2, and the future Terminal 3. [ 82 ]

Airport hotels [edit ]

Located adjacent to the Aviation Museum ( now closed ) and the convention center is the Novotel Taipei Taoyuan International Airport, which opened in November 2009. The 360-room hotel is equipped with restaurants, diversion and fitness centers, and a hair salon and health spa. [ 83 ]

Aviation museum [edit ]

The Chung Cheng Aviation Museum was located in the south-eastern area of the airport between the independent expressway entrance and the terminals. It was built in 1981 by Boeing under CAA contract. [ 84 ] Many retired Republic of China Air Force fighters are represented here. Its function is to preserve aviation history and provide populace agreement of the civil aviation industry. [ 85 ] It is nowadays presently closed due to the expansion and construction of the new Terminal 3 .

Awards [edit ]

  • Airport Service Quality (Airports Council International) Best Airport in 15–25 million passengers level (2008)[86]

future developments [edit ]

Planned future layout Taoyuan International Airport is undergo major facility-upgrading and expansion plans. While the South runway ( 05R/23L ) merely completed its renovation in January 2015, construction started at the North track ( 05L/23R ) in March 2015. The runway renovations involve upgrading the track to Category III and improving the come on conditions. [ 87 ] On the other hand, two Terminal 2 gates, C2 and D6, had extra jet bridges installed to accommodate the A380 aircraft. After the track and jetbridge upgrades, the airport will be able to allow regular A380 operations, with probable carriers being Emirates, China Southern and Singapore Airlines. [ 88 ] besides afoot are the Terminal 3, satellite terminal, and third runway plans. Terminal 3 will be designed by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners and have an annual capacity of 45 million passengers. [ 11 ] Specific plans for the satellite terminal have not been announced. The third runway is expected to be completed by 2025. [ 89 ] The chief plan of the airport is the Taoyuan Aerotropolis project, an urban plan aimed at creating an industrial area surrounding Taoyuan Airport. The aerotropolis will take advantage of the competitive local infrastructure to attract developments and help stimulate economic growth. The full sphere, including the “ yolk ” airport area and the “ white ” area, will exceed 6845 hectares. The Terminal 3 and third runway plans are all part of the “ yolk ” area projects. The official class of completion is 2023. [ 90 ] however, due to land resumption controversies, the estimated class may be delayed. [ 91 ]

terminal 2 expansion [edit ]

With the unanticipated rise of the number of passengers, the Ministry of Transportation has planned an expansion project for Terminal 2, increasing its capacity by 5 million passengers per class from 17 mil to 22 milliliter. [ 92 ]

end 3 structure [edit ]

In October 2015, it was announced that Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners won the offer to design the 640,000 feather meter terminal. Structures will include a processor ( independent terminal build ), two concourses, and a multi-functional build up to connect the terminal with Terminal 2. The processor will have a wave-like ceiling structure from which lights will be hung. The lights will move up and down to reflect the stream of passengers. Terminal 3 was initially expected to be completed in 2020 and will be able to handle up to 50 million passengers per year, frankincense increasing the overall annual capacity of the airport to over 90 million passengers. [ 11 ] The opening of the end has since been delayed to at least 2023. [ 30 ] It is immediately scheduled to be complete by 2025. [ 93 ]

Accidents and incidents [edit ]

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

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