fresh by George R. R. Martin
A Game of Thrones is the first novel in A Song of Ice and Fire, a serial of illusion novels by the American author George R. R. Martin. It was first published on August 1, 1996. The novel won the 1997 Locus Award [ 2 ] and was nominated for both the 1997 Nebula Award [ 2 ] and the 1997 World Fantasy Award. [ 3 ] The novelette Blood of the Dragon, comprising the Daenerys Targaryen chapters from the novel, won the 1997 Hugo Award for Best Novella. In January 2011, the novel became a New York Times Bestseller [ 4 ] and reached No. 1 on the number in July 2011. [ 5 ] In the novel, recounting events from respective points of scene, Martin introduces the plot-lines of the noble houses of Westeros, the Wall, and the Targaryens. The novel has inspired respective by-product works, including respective games. It is besides the namesake and basis for the foremost season of Game of Thrones, an HBO television receiver series that premiered in April 2011. A March 2013 paperback book television link re-edition was besides titled Game of Thrones, excluding the indefinite article “ A ”. [ 6 ]

plot [edit ]

A Game of Thrones follows three principal storylines simultaneously.

In the Seven Kingdoms [edit ]

Upon the end of Lord Jon Arryn, the principal adviser to King Robert Baratheon, Robert recruits his childhood friend Eddard “ Ned ” Stark, now Warden of the North, to replace Arryn as Hand of the King, and to betroth his daughter Sansa to Robert ‘s son Joffrey. Ned accepts the position when he learns that Arryn ‘s widow Lysa believes he was poisoned by Robert ‘s wife Queen Cersei Lannister and her family. concisely thereafter, Ned ‘s son Bran discovers Cersei having sex with her gemini brother Jaime Lannister, who throws Bran from the tugboat to conceal their affair, leaving him comatose and paralyzing his legs. Ned leaves his castle Winterfell and departs for the capital city, King ‘s Landing, bringing along his daughters Sansa and Arya. Upon arriving in King ‘s Landing to take his post as Hand, Ned finds that Robert is an ineffective king whose only interests are hunting, drink in, and womanizing. At Winterfell, an assassin attempts to kill Bran while he is unconscious, and Ned ‘s wife Catelyn travels to King ‘s Landing to bring word to Ned. Catelyn ‘s childhood friend, Petyr “ Littlefinger ” Baelish, implicates Tyrion Lannister, the gnome buddy of Cersei and Jaime, in the assassination attack. On the road back to Winterfell, Catelyn encounters Tyrion by gamble, arrests him, and takes him to stand test for the undertake on Bran ‘s life. In retaliation for Tyrion ‘s abduction, his father Lord Tywin Lannister sends soldiers to raid the riverlands, Catelyn ‘s home region. Tyrion regains his exemption by recruiting a mercenary named Bronn to defend him in trial by combat. Ned investigates Jon Arryn ‘s death and finally discovers that Robert ‘s legal heirs, including Joffrey, are in fact Cersei ‘s children by Jaime, and that Jon Arryn was killed to conceal his discovery of their incest. Ned offers Cersei a opportunity to flee before he informs Robert, but she uses this opportunity to arrange Robert ‘s death in a hunt accident and install Joffrey on the throne. Ned prepares to send his daughters away from King ‘s Landing and enlists Littlefinger ‘s serve to challenge Joffrey ‘s claim ; but Littlefinger betrays him, resulting in Ned ‘s apprehension. Arya escapes the castle, but Sansa is taken hostage by the Lannisters. Ned ‘s eldest son Robb marches his united states army confederacy in response to his father ‘s apprehension, and in order to relieve the menace on the riverlands. To secure a strategically necessary bridge crossbreed, Catelyn negotiates a marital alliance between Robb and the notoriously undependable House Frey. Robb defeats a Lannister army in the riverlands, capturing Jaime. Tywin sends Tyrion back to King ‘s Landing to act as Hand of the King to Joffrey. When Ned is executed, Robb ‘s followers declare the north ‘s independence from the Seven Kingdoms, proclaiming Robb “ King in the North ” .

On the Wall [edit ]

The prologue of the novel introduces the Wall : an ancient barrier of pit, ice, and magic, hundreds of feet senior high school and hundreds of miles long, shielding the Seven Kingdoms from the northern wilderness. The Wall is defended by the Night ‘s watch : an decree of warriors sworn to serve there for life, defending the kingdom from the fabled Others, an ancient and hostile cold race, american samoa well as from the human “ wildlings “ who live north of the Wall. Jon Snow, Ned ‘s bogus son, is inspired by his uncle, Benjen Stark, to join the Night ‘s Watch, but becomes disillusioned when he discovers that its primary officiate is as a penal colony. Jon unites his boyfriend recruits against their harsh teacher and protects the cowardly but good-natured and healthy Samwell Tarly. Jon is appointed steward to the drawing card of the Watch, Lord Commander Jeor Mormont, making him a electric potential successor to Mormont. Benjen fails to return from an expedition north of the Wall. Six months belated, the dead bodies of two men from his party are recovered ; these re-animate as undead wights before being dispatched by Jon. When son of his founder ‘s execution reaches Jon, he attempts to join Robb against the Lannisters, but is persuaded to remain patriotic to the Watch. Mormont then declares his intention to march north to find Benjen, dead or animated, and to investigate rumors of a “ King-beyond-the-Wall ” uniting the wildlings .

Across the specialize sea [edit ]

Across the ocean to the east of Westeros live the expatriate prince Viserys and princess Daenerys, children of the belated “ Mad King ” Aerys Targaryen, who ruled Westeros before being overthrown by Robert Baratheon. Viserys betroth Daenerys to Khal Drogo, an matchless warlord of the mobile Dothraki people, in change for the function of Drogo ‘s army to reclaim the throne of Westeros. Illyrio Mopatis, a affluent merchant who has been supporting the hard up Targaryens, gives Daenerys three petrified dragon eggs as a marriage gift. Jorah Mormont, a knight exiled from Westeros, joins Viserys as an adviser. Initially terrified of her new conserve and his people, Daenerys finally embraces her character as Drogo ‘s “ khaleesi “. Drogo, however, shows little interest in conquering Westeros, and an impatient Viserys tries to browbeat his sister into coercing Drogo. When Viserys publicly threatens Daenerys and her unborn child, Drogo executes him by pouring melt amber on his head. An assassin seeking King Robert ‘s party favor attempts to poison Daenerys, finally convincing Drogo to conquer Westeros. While sacking villages to fund the invasion of Westeros, Drogo is badly wounded, and Daenerys commands the captive family therapist Mirri Maz Duur to save him. The therapist, angered by the Dothraki raids against her people, sacrifices Daenerys ‘s unborn child to ability the spell to save Drogo ‘s liveliness, which restores Drogo ‘s physical health but leaves him in a haunting vegetal state. With Drogo completely incapacitated and unable to lead, much of the Dothraki army disperses. Daenerys smothers Drogo with a pillow and has Mirri tied to Drogo ‘s funeral pyre. She places her three dragon eggs on the pyre and enters it herself. When the displace burns out, she emerges unharmed, with three newly hatched dragons. Awe-struck, Jorah and the remaining Dothraki swear commitment to her .

Themes [edit ]

Throughout the novel, characters are frequently faced with decisions that match one redeemable trait against another. The Guardian outlines characters who are frequently “ forced to choose between their love for those close up to them and the greater interests of respect, duty and the kingdom. ” [ 7 ] In Westeros, Ned ultimately decides to venture south with Robert, leaving much of his class in Winterfell. At the Wall, Jon wrestles with the predicament of joining his stepbrother Robb in rebellion or staying with his curse brothers in the Night ‘s Watch. Daenerys has issue with the Dothraki discussion of those they conquered in Essos. These conflicts characters meeting oftentimes reflect inconsistent decision make. Catelyn initially is overwhelmed by grief and does not leave Bran ‘s bedside while he is comatose, ignoring her political responsibilities, choosing family over duty. But soon after, Catelyn leaves Bran and her syndicate for Kings Landing to inform Ned of potential Lannister treason, effectively displaying a more duty meet function. Family, duty, and honor play major roles in conflicts that arise in the narrative discharge, and qualities traditionally categorized as noble oppose each other in resoluteness. Character decision conflicts and consequence analysis are particular to how Martin wants to portray illusion. [ 8 ] [ original research? ] [ neutrality is disputed ] Martin characteristically deviates from the traditional fantasy model and clear lines of good versus evil. Martin reflects : “ I think the struggle between good and evil is fought largely within the individual homo heart, by the decisions that we make. It ‘s not like evil dresses up in black dress and you know, they ‘re truly atrocious ”. [ 8 ] This vantage point characterizes the book and is discernible in the actions of several different families which frequently have conflicts with each other. The Starks ‘ and Lannisters ‘ conflict is a central part of the novel, and the reader receives points of watch from both sides. Likewise, Daenerys ‘ storyline develops around the Targaryen ‘s turbulence in Westeros, in which the Starks played a significant function. Martin argues :

Having multiple viewpoints is crucial to the gray of the characters. You have to be able to see the struggle from both sides, because very human beings in a war have all these processes of excuse, telling ourselves why what we ‘re doing is the right thing. [ 9 ]

point of view characters [edit ]

Each chapter concentrates on the third-person limited point of view of a single character ; the book presents the perspective of eight independent characters. additionally, a minor character provides the prologue. chapter headings indicate the position .
In the late books, certain point of view characters are added while others are removed .

Writing [edit ]

Martin acknowledges several authors who lent their time and expertness during the writing of the novel : sage Walker, Martin Wright, Melinda Snodgrass, Carl Keim, Bruce Baugh, Tim O’Brien, Roger Zelazny, Jane Lindskold, and Laura Mixon. [ 10 ]

Editions [edit ]

The HarperCollins/Voyager 1996 edition was the british first edition. Its official publication date was earlier than that of the US Bantam version, but Bantam went to print several months in the first place to hired hand out copies at the American Booksellers Association ( ABA ). [ 11 ] The novel has been translated into many languages and published in multiple editions in hardback, paperback, e-book, and audio book form. In different languages, the numeral of books may not be the lapp. [ 11 ] In June 2000, Meisha Merlin published a limit edition of the book, amply illustrated by Jeffrey Jones. [ 11 ]

Adaptations [edit ]

A Game of Thrones and the subsequent novels in the A Song of Ice and Fire series have been adapted into an HBO television serial, a comic book series, respective card games, board games, television games, and other media .

reception [edit ]

A Game of Thrones has received critical acclaim. Lauren K. Nathan of the Associated Press wrote that the koran “ bobby pin [ randomness ] the reviewer from Page One ” and is set in a “ brilliant ” fantasy universe that is “ mystic, but placid credible. ” [ 12 ] Steve Perry told readers of The Oregonian that the diagram is “ building complex and fascinating ” and the ledger is “ rich people and colorful ” with “ all the elements of a great fantasy novel ”. [ 13 ] Writing in The Washington Post, John H. Riskind commented that “ many fans of sword-and-sorcery will enjoy the epic poem setting of this book ” but felt that the ledger “ suffers from unidimensional characters and less than memorable imagination. ” [ 14 ] Phyllis Eisenstein of the Chicago Sun-Times wrote that, although the reserve uses many generic illusion tropes, Martin ‘s approach is “ therefore refreshingly human and intimate that it transcends them. ” She described it as “ an absorbing combination of the fabulous, the sweepingly historic, and the intensely personal. ” [ 15 ] John Prior, writing in the San Diego Union-Tribune, called Martin ‘s writing “ potent and imaginative, with enough of Byzantine intrigue and dynastic struggle ”, and compared it to Robert Jordan ‘s Wheel of Time books, “ though much colored, with no comedy or romance to relieve the cattiness. ” [ 16 ] On November 5, 2019, the BBC News listed A Game of Thrones on its tilt of the 100 most influential novels. [ 17 ]

Awards and nominations [edit ]

References [edit ]