state of Thailand

state in Thailand
Lopburi ( Thai : ลพบุรี, RTGS : Lop Buri, [ 4 ] pronounced [ lóp bū.rīː ] ) is a province in the cardinal area of Thailand. The province is divided into 11 administrative districts, and Mueang Lopburi District is the capital. With over 750,000 people, the state is Thailand ‘s 36th largest sphere and 32nd most populous. There are eight neighboring provinces, Phetchabun, Chaiyaphum, Nakhon Ratchasima, Saraburi, Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya, Ang Thong, Sing Buri, and Nakhon Sawan.

Lopburi is a meaning province historically, where many historical structures, artifacts, and prehistoric settlements have been discovered. In the past, Lopburi was called by the name Lavo, after the Lavapuri, ( portray day Lahore ) city named after the moment son of Ram .The kingdom had been ruled by an absolute sovereign .

etymology [edit ]

It was primitively known as Lavo or Lavapura, meaning “ city of Lava “ in address to the ancient South asian city of Lavapuri ( contemporary Lahore, Pakistan ). [ citation needed ] [ 5 ]

history [edit ]

Known as Lavo during much of its history, Lopburi credibly dates to prehistoric times. [ 6 ] The name Lavo originated in the Mon Kingdom of Dvaravati menstruation ( 6th–11th century CE ). [ 7 ] The suppress Khmer would build many impressive temples in the city during its rule. Lopburi may tied have liberated itself for a fourth dimension, as it sent mugwump embassies to China in 1115 and 1155. In 1289 it sent another embassy to China, but soon became separate of the Thai kingdom of Sukhothai and late Ayutthaya. During the Ayutthaya time period, King Ramathibodi I sent Phra Ramesuan ( late King Ramesuan ) as the Uparaja to reign in Lopburi. In 1666 King Narai the Great ordered a new palace built on the east bank of the Lopburi River and made Lopburi the second capital of the state, as Ayutthaya was threatened by the Dutch. After King Narai died, the city was about abandoned and fell into ruin. In 1856 King Mongkut of the Chakri dynasty ordered King Narai ‘s palace to be renovated. The city ultimately regained its importance in 1937, when Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram chose Lopburi to be the largest military base in Thailand and once was decide to be new capital city of Thailand after the end of World War II. [ 8 ]

geography [edit ]

Lopburi is on the east side of the Chao Phraya River valley, between the Lopburi River and Pa Sak Rivers. Thirty percentage of the area of the state, including most of Tha Wung zone, the southwestern parts of Mueang Lopburi and Ban Mi districts are a very low alluvial plain. The early 70 percentage is mix plains and hills, with the Phetchabun Mountains forming the easterly boundary of the state towards the Khorat Plateau. The total forest area is 962 km2 ( 371 sq security service ) or 14.8 percentage of provincial area. [ 9 ]

climate [edit ]

Lopburi state has a tropical savanna climate ( Köppen climate categorization category Aw ). Winters are dry and warm. Temperatures rise until May. Monsoon season runs from May through October, with heavy rain and slightly cool temperatures during the day, although nights remain affectionate. climatic statistics : Its maximum temperature is 41.4 °C ( 106.5 °F ) in April and the lowest temperature is 10.2 °C ( 50.4 °F ) in December. The highest average temperature is 36.8 °C ( 98.2 °F ) and the minimum average temperature is 20.6 °C ( 69.1 °F ). annual average rain is 1,125 millimeters with mean showery days is 17.6 in September. Maximum daily rain is 203.4 millimeters in October. [ 10 ]

Symbols [edit ]

The provincial seal shows Vishnu in front of the Khmer temple Phra Prang Sam Yod. [ 11 ] The escutcheon of Lopburi shows Phra Narai and in the backdrop Phra Prang Sam Yod, the “ sanctuary with the Three Towers ”. It refers to King Narai who in 1664 fortified the city to be used as an alternative capital when Ayutthaya was threatened by a dutch naval blockade. [ 12 ] The provincial tree angstrom well as the peasant flower is the bullet wood. [ 13 ] The motto of the state is National treasures of King Narai’s palace and Phra Kan Shrine, famous Prang Sam Yot, city of Din So Phong Marl, well-known Pa Sak Cholasit Dam and golden land of King Narai the Great.

administrative divisions [edit ]

provincial government [edit ]

Map of Lopburi with 11 districts The state is subdivided into 11 districts ( amphoe ). The districts are far subdivided into 122 sub-districts ( tambon ) and 1,126 villages ( muban ) .

local politics [edit ]

As of 26 November 2019 there are : [ 14 ] one Lopburi Provincial Administrative Organization ( ongkan borihan suan changwat ) and 23 municipal ( thesaban ) areas in the province. Lopburi, Khao Sam Yot and Ban Mi have town ( thesaban mueang ) status. further 20 subdistrict municipalities ( thesaban tambon ). The non-municipal areas are administered by 102 Subdistrict Administrative Organizations – SAO ( ongkan borihan suan tambon ). [ 2 ]

transportation [edit ]

Lopburi station

One macaque in Monkey Buffet Festival at Phra Prang Sam Yot Lopburi City Gate, from old to modern city

railing [edit ]

Lopburi railway station is a post of the State Railway of Thailand ‘s Northern Line, the end of Bangkok ‘s suburban service. [ citation needed ]

Roads [edit ]

The main road through Lobpuri is route 1 ( Phahonyothin Road ), which starts in Bangkok, and continues through Lopburi, Chai Nat, Nakhon Sawan, Kamphaeng Phet, Tak, Lampang, Chiang Rai, and the border with Burma at Mae Sai. Route 311 leads west to Sing Buri, and Route 3196 leads southwest to Ang Thong. [ citation needed ]

Air [edit ]

Khok Kathiam Air Force Base is 9 kilometres ( 5.6 nautical mile ) north of the township. It has no commercial flights. [ citation needed ]

Health [edit ]

Lopburi ‘s chief hospital is King Narai Hospital, operated by the Ministry of Public Health .

education [edit ]

Events and festivals [edit ]

Human accomplishment index 2017 [edit ]

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
29 30 36 52
Housing Family Transport Participation
586-house-with-garden.svg Parents, enfants, famille.png Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolítica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
31 49 70 55
Province Lopburi, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5797 is “average”, occupies place 44 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme ( UNDP ) in Thailand has tracked progress on human growth at sub-national level using the Human accomplishment index ( HAI ), a composite index covering all the eight identify areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board ( NESDB ) has taken over this job since 2017. [ 3 ]

Rank Classification
  1 – 15 “high”
16 – 30 “somewhat high”
31 – 45 “average”
45 – 60 “somewhat low”
61 – 77 “low”
Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings
HAI 2017 rankings.png

References [edit ]

Coordinates :

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