fictional quality

fictional fictional character
Popeye the Sailor Man is a fictional cartoon fictional character created by Elzie Crisler Segar. [ 44 ] [ 45 ] [ 46 ] [ 47 ] The character first appeared in the casual King Features amusing plunder Thimble Theatre on January 17, 1929, and Popeye became the strip ‘s deed in former years. The character has besides appeared in theatrical and television animated cartoons. [ 46 ]

Segar ‘s Thimble Theatre clean was in its 10th year when Popeye made his introduction, but the one-eyed boater quickly became the main focus of the strip, and Thimble Theatre became one of King Features ‘ most democratic properties during the 1930s. After Segar died in 1938, Thimble Theatre was continued by several writers and artists, most notably Segar ‘s assistant Bud Sagendorf. The strip continues to appear in first-run installments in its Sunday edition, written and drawn by R.K. Milholland. The daily strips are reprints of old Sagendorf stories. [ 46 ] In 1933, Max Fleischer adapted the Thimble Theatre characters into a series of Popeye the Sailor theatrical cartoon shorts for Paramount Pictures. [ 48 ] These cartoons proved to be among the most democratic of the 1930s, and Fleischer—and later Paramount ‘s own Famous Studios —continued production through 1957. These cartoon shorts are now owned by Turner Entertainment and distributed by its sister company Warner Bros. [ 49 ] At the begin of the Second World War, it has been reported that Popeye served as propaganda substantial for Allied Forces. [ 50 ] Over the years, Popeye has besides appeared in comic books, television cartoons, video games, hundreds of advertisements, [ 46 ] peripheral products ranging from spinach to candy cigarettes, and the 1980 live-action film directed by Robert Altman and starring Robin Williams as Popeye. Charles M. Schulz said, “ I think Popeye was a perfective comedian strip, reproducible in drawing and humor ”. [ 51 ] In 2002, TV Guide ranked Popeye number 20 on its “ 50 Greatest Cartoon Characters of All Time ” list. [ 52 ]

fictional character and floor [edit ]

Popeye ‘s story and portrayal vary depending on the medium. primitively, Popeye got “ luck ” from rubbing the head of the Whiffle Hen ; by 1932, he was rather getting “ persuasiveness ” from eating spinach. [ 53 ] Swee’Pea is Popeye ‘s ward in the comedian strips, but he is frequently depicted as belong to Olive Oyl in cartoons. There is no absolute sense of continuity in the stories, although certain plot and presentation elements remain largely constant, including purposeful contradictions in Popeye ‘s capabilities. Popeye seems bereaved of manners and uneducated, however he often comes up with solutions to problems that seem insuperable to the police or the scientific community. He has displayed Sherlock Holmes -like fact-finding art, scientific ingenuity, and successful diplomatic arguments. In the animated cartoons his pipe besides proves to be highly versatile. Among other things, it has served as a cutting torch, jet engine, propeller, periscope, musical instrument, and a whistle with which he produces his trademark honk. He besides eats spinach through his pipe, sometimes sucking in the can along with the contents. Since the 1970s, Popeye is rarely depicted using his pipe to smoke tobacco. [ 46 ] Popeye ‘s exploits are besides enhanced by a few recurring plot elements. One is the love triangle among Popeye, Olive, and Bluto, and Bluto ‘s endless machinations to claim Olive at Popeye ‘s expense. Another is his near-saintly perseverance in overcoming any obstacle to please Olive, who much ( if temporarily ) renounces Popeye for Bluto .

Thimble Theatre and Popeye comedian strips [edit ]

Thimble Theatre was cartoonist Segar ‘s third gear published strip when it beginning appeared in the New York Journal on December 19, 1919. The newspaper ‘s owner, William Randolph Hearst, besides owned King Features Syndicate, which syndicated the leach. Thimble Theatre was intended as a replacement for Midget Movies by Ed Wheelan ( Wheelan having recently resigned from King Features ). [ 54 ] While initially failing to attract a large consultation, the strip however increasingly accumulated a humble follow as the 1920s continued. At the end of its beginning ten, the airstrip resultantly appeared in over a twelve newspapers .
The original cast of “ thimble Theatre ” in 1925. Left to right : Castor Oyl, Harold Hamgravy and Olive Oyl Thimble Theatre’s first main characters were the gangling slackerish Harold Hamgravy and his thin flapper-influenced girlfriend Olive Oyl. In its earliest days, the strip featured the duet, alongside a rotating cast of one-shot characters, acting out assorted stories and scenarios in theatrical style ( hence the strip ‘s appoint ). As its foremost year progressed, however, numerous elements of this premise would be relinquished ( including the recurring fictional character “ Willie Wormwood ”, introduced as a parody of melodrama villainy ), rendering the strip largely a series of comedian anecdotes depicting the daily life and exploits of Hamgravy and Olive Oyl. It could be classified as a gag-a-day comedian in those days. [ 54 ] In mid-1922, Segar began to increasingly engage in drawn-out ( frequently months-long ) storylines ; by the goal of the take after class, the denude had effectively transitioned in full into a comedy- adventure style focalizing Hamgravy, Olive, and Olive ‘s enterprising brother Castor Oyl, initially a minor character yet arguably the protagonist of the strip by 1924. Olive ‘s parents Cole and Nana Oyl besides made frequent appearances. [ 45 ] By the late 1920s, the strip had similarly acquired a number of luminary characters beyond the sphere of Hamgravy and the Oyl class, including Castor Oyl ‘s wife Cylinda ( to whom he was married from 1926 to 1928 ), her affluent, misanthropic father Mr. Lotts and Castor ‘s fighting cockerel Blizzard, all of whom had vanished or more explicitly exited the strip by the close of 1928. Popeye first gear appeared in the airstrip on January 17, 1929, as a minor character. He was initially hired by Castor Oyl and Hamgravy to crew a embark for a voyage to Dice Island, the localization of a casino owned by the crook gambler Fadewell. Castor intended to break the bank at the casino using the unbeatable good luck conferred by stroking the hair’s-breadth on the head of Bernice the Whiffle Hen. [ 55 ] Weeks late, on the trip back, Popeye was shot many times by Jack Snork, a butt of Fadewell ‘s, but survived by rubbing Bernice ‘s promontory. After the gamble, Popeye left the strip, but, owing to reader reaction, he was quickly brought back after an absence of merely five weeks. [ 46 ] [ 54 ] ultimately, the Popeye character became so popular that he was given a larger role by the postdate year, and the strip was taken up by many more newspapers as a result. initial strips presented Olive as being less than impressed with Popeye, but she finally left Hamgravy to become Popeye ‘s girlfriend and Hamgravy left the clean as a regular in mid-1930. Over the years, however, she has frequently displayed a erratic attitude towards the bluejacket. Castor Oyl continued to come up with get-rich-quick schemes and enlisted Popeye in his misadventures. By 1932, however, he settled devour as a detective and later on bought a ranch out west. Castor ‘s appearances have resultantly become sparse over clock. As Castor faded from the undress, J. Wellington Wimpy, a soft-spoken and cowardly hamburger -loving moocher who would “ gladly pay you Tuesday for a hamburger nowadays ” was introduced into the Sunday undress, which he had evolved into a big fixture of by late 1932. After first gear appearing in the casual airstrip in March 1933, Wimpy became a full-time major quality alongside Popeye and Olive. In July 1933, Popeye received a foundling baby in the mail whom he adopted and named Swee’Pea. other regular characters introduced into the strip following its retool in 1930 were George W. Geezil, an choleric deep-dish pie who spoke in a heavily affected stress and habitually attempted to murder or wish death upon Wimpy, Rough-House, the temperamental owner of a budget diner ( and resultant enduring hydrofoil to Wimpy ), Eugene the Jeep, a chicken, vaguely doglike animal from Africa with charming powers, the Sea Hag, a severe commandeer and the last enchantress on Earth, Alice the Goon, a monstrous creature who entered the strip as the Sea Hag ‘s henchwoman and continued as Swee’Pea ‘s babysitter, the hapless, perpetually anxious King Blozo, Popeye ‘s lecherous, superannuated founder Poopdeck Pappy and Toar, an ageless, dim-witted caveman. [ 47 ] [ 45 ] Segar ‘s strip was quite different from the theatrical performance cartoons that followed. The stories were more complex ( frequently spanning months ), with many characters that never appeared in the cartoons ( among them King Blozo, Toar and Rough-House ). Spinach custom was rare, and Bluto appeared within only one report arc. Segar signed some of his early on Popeye amusing strips with a cigar, his last name being a homophone of “ cigar ” ( pronounce SEE-gar ). Comics historian Brian Walker stated : “ Segar offered up a consummate blend of comedy, illusion, sarcasm and suspense in Thimble Theater Starring Popeye “. [ 47 ] Thimble Theatre became one of King Features ‘ most popular strips during the 1930s. A poll of adult amusing clean readers in the April 1937 issue of Fortune magazine voted Popeye their second-favorite comic deprive ( after Little Orphan Annie ). [ 47 ] By 1938, Thimble Theatre was running in 500 newspapers, and over 600 accredited “ Popeye ” products were on sale. [ 47 ] The success of the strip meant Segar was earning $ 100,000 a year at the time of his death. [ 47 ] The clean continued after Segar ‘s death in 1938 ; a series of artists performed the exercise. Following an eventual name change to Popeye in the 1970s, the amusing remains one of the longest-running strips in syndication nowadays .

Toppers [edit ]

Thimble Theatre had a phone number of topper strips on the Sunday page during its move ; the chief dress hat, Sappo, ran for 21 years, from February 28, 1926, to May 18, 1947. ( Sappo was a revival of an earlier Segar casual denude called The Five-Fifteen, aka Sappo the Commuter, which ran from February 9, 1921, to February 17, 1925. ) For seven weeks in 1936, Segar replaced Sappo with Pete and Pansy – For Kids Only ( Sept 27 – november 8, 1936 ). [ 56 ] There were besides a serial of topper panel strips that ran future to Sappo. Segar drew one of them, Popeye’s Cartoon Club ( April 8, 1934 – May 5, 1935 ). The remainder were produced by Joe Musial and Bud Sagendorf : Wiggle Line Movie ( September 11 – November 13, 1938 ), Wimpy’s Zoo’s Who ( November 20, 1938 – December 1, 1940 ), Play-Store ( December 8, 1940 – July 18, 1943 ), Popeye’s Army and Navy ( July 25 – September 12, 1943 ), Pinup Jeep ( September 19, 1943 – April 2, 1944 ), and Me Life by Popeye ( April 9, 1944- ? ). [ 56 ]

Artists after Segar [edit ]

Thimble Theatre (December 2, 1951) Tom Sims and Bill Zaboly ‘s ( December 2, 1951 ) After Segar ‘s death in 1938, many artists were hired to draw the strip. Tom Sims, the son of a Coosa River channel-boat captain, continued writing Thimble Theatre strips and established the Popeye the Sailorman by-product. Doc Winner and Bela Zaboly, [ 57 ] successively, handled the artwork during Sims ‘s run. finally, Ralph Stein stepped in to write the strip until the serial was taken over by Bud Sagendorf in 1959. Sagendorf wrote and drew the daily strip until 1986, and continued to write and draw the Sunday strip until his death in 1994. [ 56 ] Sagendorf, who had been Segar ‘s adjunct, made a definite attempt to retain much of Segar ‘s authoritative style, although his artwork is immediately discernible. Sagendorf continued to use many obscure characters from the Segar years, specially O. G. Wotasnozzle and King Blozo. Sagendorf ‘s modern characters, such as the Thung, besides had a very Segar-like quality. [ 58 ] What set Sagendorf apart from Segar more than anything else was his sense of pacing. Where plotlines moved very quickly with Segar, it sometimes took an entire week of Sagendorf ‘s casual strips for the plot to be advanced even a small sum. From 1986 to 1992, the day by day clean was written and drawn by Bobby London, who, after some controversy, was fired from the strip for a report that could be taken to satirize miscarriage. [ 59 ] London ‘s strips put Popeye and his friends in update situations, but kept the intent of Segar ‘s original. One classic storyline, titled “ The Return of Bluto ”, showed the bluejacket battle every interpretation of the bearded bully from the comic strip, amusing books, and animated films. The Sunday edition of the amusing strip was drawn by Hy Eisman, from 1994 to 2022. Following Eisman ‘s retirement, the Sunday strip was taken over by R.K. Milholland, who had previously contributed Popeye cartoons to the web-only feature of speech Popeye’s Cartoon Club in 2019 and 2020. [ 60 ] The daily strip has featured reruns of Sagendorf ‘s strips since London ‘s fire. [ 46 ] On January 1, 2009, 70 years since the death of his godhead, Segar ‘s comic strips ( though not the assorted films, television shows, composition music and other media based on them ) became public world [ 61 ] in most countries, but remain under copyright in the US. Because Segar was an employee of King Features Syndicate when he created the Thimble Theatre strip, it is treated as a work for hire under US copyright police. Works for hire are protected for 95 years from issue or 120 years from creation, whichever is shorter. [ 62 ] As of 2022, Thimble Theatre comedian strips from 1919 through 1926 have entered the public knowledge domain, none of which feature Popeye. even after the strips enter the public domain, trademarks regarding Popeye remain with King Features, as trademarks do not expire unless they cease to be used, and King Features has used the brand continuously since the quality ‘s debut .

Reprints [edit ]

Comic books [edit ]

There have been a count of Popeye amusing books, from Dell, King Comics, Gold Key Comics, Charlton Comics and others, originally written and illustrated by Bud Sagendorf. In the Dell comics, Popeye became something of a crimefighter, thwarting evil organizations and Bluto ‘s condemnable activities. The newly villains included the numerous Misermite shadow, who were all identical. Popeye appeared in the british TV Comic becoming the cover history in 1960 with stories written and drawn by “ Chick ” Henderson. Bluto was referred to as Brutus and was Popeye ‘s only bane throughout the entire operate. A kind of artists have created Popeye comic book stories since then ; for case, George Wildman drew Popeye stories for Charlton Comics from 1969 until the belated 1970s. The Gold Key series was illustrated by Wildman and scripted by Bill Pearson, with some issues written by Nick Cuti. In 1988, Ocean Comics released the Popeye Special written by Ron Fortier with art by Ben Dunn. The history presented Popeye ‘s beginning floor, including his given name of “ Ugly Kidd ” [ 63 ] and attempted to tell more of a blithe gamble fib as opposed to using typical comedian strip expressive style humor. The story besides featured a more realistic art manner and was edited by Bill Pearson, who besides lettered and inked the fib american samoa well as the front cover. [ 64 ] A second gear publish, by the same creative team, followed in 1988. The second issue introduced the mind that Bluto and Brutus were actually counterpart brothers and not the like person, [ 65 ] an estimate besides used in the comic strip on December 28, 2008, and April 5, 2009. [ 66 ] [ 67 ] In 1999, to celebrate Popeye ‘s seventieth anniversary, Ocean Comics revisited the franchise with a one-shot comic bible, The Wedding of Popeye and Olive Oyl, written by Peter David. The comic ledger brought together a boastfully part of the casts of both the comedian strip and the animated shorts, and Popeye and Olive Oyl were ultimately wed after decades of courtship. however, this marriage has not been reflected in all media since the amusing was published. In 1989, a special series of short-circuit Popeye comedian books were included in particularly commemorate boxes of Instant Quaker Oatmeal, and Popeye besides appeared in three television receiver commercials for Quaker Oatmeal, [ 68 ] which featured a parrot delivering the tag line “ Popeye wants a friend ! ” The plots were alike to those of the films : Popeye loses either olive Oyl or Swee’Pea to a musclebound antagonist, eats something invigorate, and proceeds to save the day. In this encase, however, the invigorating elixir was not his common spinach, but rather one of four flavors of Quaker Oatmeal [ 68 ] ( a different flavor was showcased with each mini-comic ). The comics ended with the sailor saying, “ I ‘m Popeye the Quaker valet ! “, which offended members of the Religious Society of Friends ( a.k.a. Quakers ). [ 69 ] The Quaker Oatmeal company apologized and removed the “ Popeye the Quaker Man ” reference from commercials and future comic book printings. [ 69 ] In 2012, writer Roger Langridge teamed with cartoonists Bruce Ozella, Ken Wheaton, and Tom Neely ( among others ) to revive the intent of Segar in IDW ‘s 12-issue amusing book miniseries, Popeye, Critic PS Hayes reviewed :

Langridge writes a fib with a lot of negotiation ( compared to your average comic ledger ) and it ‘s all necessary, funny story, and entertaining. Bruce Ozella draws the perfective Popeye. not alone Popeye, but Popeye ‘s wholly worldly concern. Everything looks like it should, cartoony and cockamamie. Plus, he brings an unusual come of detail to something that does n’t truly need it. You ‘ll swear that you ‘re looking at an old Whitman Comics return of Popeye, alone it ‘s better. Ozella is a big narrator and even though the emergence is jam packed with dialogue, the panels never look cramped at all. [ 70 ]

In belated 2012, IDW began reprinting the original 1940s–1950s Sagendorf Popeye comedian books under the title of Classic Popeye .

Webcomics [edit ]

In January 2019, in celebration of its 90 years of character, King Feature Syndicate launched the webcomic Popeye’s Cartoon Club. In a series of Sunday-format comics, a wide assortment of artists depicted the characters in their own styles in one comic each, including Alex Hallatt, Erica Henderson, Tom Neely, Roger Langridge, Larry deSouza, Robert Sikoryak, Jeffrey Brown, Jim Engel, Liniers, Jay Fosgitt, Carol Lay, and Randy Milholland. [ 71 ] At the end of the year, Milholland ‘s Cartoon Club comic was declared the numeral one comedian of the year on King Features ‘ web site, Comics Kingdom. [ 72 ] From February through April 2020, Cartoon Club ran an extra five comics by Milholland. [ 73 ] [ 74 ] [ 75 ] [ 76 ] [ 77 ] From May 28 through July 6, 2020, Popeye’s Cartoon Club ran casual comics from Randy Milholland, [ 78 ] hold Milholland the inaugural person to write a daily-update Popeye comic for King Features since 1994 .

Theatrical animated cartoons [edit ]

In November 1932, King Features signed an agreement with Fleischer Studios to have Popeye and the early Thimble Theatre characters begin appearing in a series of enliven cartoons released by Paramount Pictures. The first cartoon in the series was released in 1933, and Popeye cartoons remained a staple of Paramount ‘s liberation schedule for about 25 years. [ 48 ] William Costello was the original articulation of Popeye, a voice that was replicated by later performers, such as Jack Mercer and even Mae Questel. Many of the Thimble Theatre characters, including Wimpy, Poopdeck Pappy, and Eugene the Jeep, finally made appearances in the Paramount cartoons, though Olive Oyl ‘s extended class and Ham Gravy were by and large absent. Thanks to the animated-short series, Popeye became even more of a sensation than he had been in comic strips, and by 1938, polls showed that the bluejacket was Hollywood ‘s most popular cartoon character. [ 79 ] [ 80 ] Although Segar may have used spinach as a airplane propeller a few times, it was Max Fleischer who realized its potential as a brand. In every Popeye cartoon, the bluejacket is constantly put into what seems like a hopeless situation, upon which ( normally after a beat ), a can of spinach becomes available, and Popeye quickly opens the can and consumes its contents. Upon swallowing the spinach, Popeye ‘s physical intensity immediately becomes superhuman, and he is easily able to save the day, and identical often rescue Olive Oyl from a desperate situation. It did not stop there, as spinach could besides give Popeye the skills and powers he needed, as in The Man on the Flying Trapeze, where it gave him acrobatic skills .
In May 1942, Paramount Pictures assumed possession of Fleischer Studios, fired the Fleischers and began reorganizing the studio, which they renamed Famous Studios. The early Famous-era shorts were often World War II-themed, featuring Popeye fighting nazi Germans and japanese soldiers, most notably the 1942 short You’re a Sap, Mr. Jap. In deep 1943, the Popeye series began to be produced in Technicolor, beginning with Her Honor the Mare. Famous/Paramount continued producing the Popeye series until 1957, with Spooky Swabs being the survive of the 125 celebrated shorts in the series. Paramount then sold the Popeye film catalogue to Associated Artists Productions, which was bought out by United Artists in 1958. Through versatile mergers, the rights are presently controlled by WarnerMedia ‘s Turner Entertainment. In 2001, Cartoon Network, under the supervision of animation historian Jerry Beck, created a new incarnation of The Popeye Show. The show aired the Fleischer and Famous Studios Popeye shorts in versions approximating their original theatrical performance releases by editing copies of the original opening and close credits ( taken or recreated from diverse sources ) onto the beginnings and ends of each cartoon, or in some cases, in their dispatch, uncut original theatrical versions direct from such prints that primitively contained the front-and-end Paramount credits. The series aired 135 Popeye shorts over 45 episodes, until March 2004. The Popeye Show continued to air on Cartoon Network ‘s by-product network Boomerang. While many of the Paramount Popeye cartoons remained unavailable on television, a handful of those cartoons had fallen into public world and were found on numerous depleted budget VHS tapes and subsequently DVDs. When Turner Entertainment acquired the cartoons in 1986, a long and arduous legal struggle with King Features kept the majority of the original Popeye shorts from official video recording releases for more than 20 years. King Features rather opted to release a DVD box determined of the 1960s made-for-television Popeye the Sailor cartoons, to which it retained the rights, in 2004. In the meanwhile, home video rights to the Associated Artists Productions library were transferred from CBS/Fox Video to MGM/UA Home Video in 1986, and finally to Warner Home Video in 1999. In 2006, Warner Home Video announced it would release all of the Popeye cartoons produced for theatrical performance release between 1933 and 1957 on DVD, restored and uncut. Three volumes were released between 2007 and 2008, covering all of the black-and-white cartoons produced from 1933 to 1943. In December 2018, a fourthly volume featuring the first 14 color shorts from 1943 to 1945 was released on DVD and Blu-ray from Warner Home Video through the Warner Archive Collection .

master television cartoons [edit ]

From the 1950s until the 1980s, Popeye has starred in 29 locally produced children ‘s television receiver programs. In 1960, King Features Syndicate commissioned a new serial of cartoons titled Popeye the Sailor, but this clock for television receiver syndication. Al Brodax served as executive manufacturer of the cartoons for King Features. Jack Mercer, Mae Questel, and Jackson Beck returned for this series, which was produced by a number of companies, including Jack Kinney Productions, Rembrandt Films ( William L. Snyder and Gene Deitch ), Larry Harmon Productions, Halas and Batchelor, Paramount Cartoon Studios ( once Famous Studios ), and Southern Star Entertainment ( once Southern Star Productions ). The artwork was streamlined and simplified for the television budgets, and 220 cartoons were produced in only two years, with the first set of them premiering in the fall of 1960, and the last of them debuting during the 1961–1962 television season. Since King Features had single rights to these Popeye cartoons, 85 of them were released on DVD as a seventy-fifth anniversary Popeye boxed set in 2004. For these cartoons, Bluto ‘s name was changed to “ Brutus ”, as King Features believed at the time that Paramount owned the rights to the name “ Bluto ”. Many of the cartoons made by Paramount used plots and storylines taken directly from the comic strip sequences – adenine well as characters like King Blozo and the Sea Hag. [ 81 ] The 1960s cartoons have been issued on both VHS and DVD. Popeye, Olive Oyl, Swee’Pea and Wimpy were featured prominently in the cartoon movie “ Popeye Meets the Man Who Hated Laughter “, which debuted on October 7, 1972, as one of the episodes of The ABC Saturday Superstar Movie. In this cartoon, Brutus besides appears as a turban-wearing employee of the nemesis, Dr. Morbid Grimsby. On September 9, 1978, The All New Popeye Hour debuted on the CBS Saturday good morning lineup. It was an hour-long animated serial produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions, which tried its best to retain the dash of the master amusing strip ( Popeye returned to his master costume and Brutus to his original mention of Bluto ), while complying with the prevail content restrictions on ferocity. In addition to providing many of the cartoon scripts, Mercer continued to voice Popeye, while Marilyn Schreffler and Allan Melvin became the new voices of Olive Oyl and Bluto, respectively ( Mae Questel actually auditioned for Hanna-Barbera to reprise her function as Olive Oyl, but was rejected in favor of Schreffler ). The All New Popeye Hour run on CBS until September 1981, when it was cut to a half-hour and retitled The Popeye and Olive Comedy Show. It was removed from the CBS batting order in September 1983, the class before Jack Mercer ‘s death. These cartoons have besides been released on VHS and DVD. During the meter these cartoons were in production, CBS aired The Popeye Valentine’s Day Special – Sweethearts at Sea on February 14, 1979. In the UK, the BBC aired a half-hour interpretation of The All New Popeye Show, from the early-1980s to 2004. The All New Popeye Hour throughout parts of the 1980s contains segments on Popeye featuring Popeye ‘s nephews ( Pipeye, Peepeye, Pupeye, and Poopeye ) in which were late advertised as PSAs on by and large independent and future Fox Television Networks ( more normally during the SuperStars campaign off of owned-and-operated Fox stations such as WFLD in Chicago, Illinois ) that were originally produced for CBS ‘s original program. Popeye briefly returned to CBS in 1987 for Popeye and Son, another Hanna-Barbera series, which featured Popeye and Olive as a marry pair with a son named Popeye Jr., who hates the taste of spinach, but eats it to boost his strength. Maurice LaMarche performed Popeye ‘s voice ; as Mercer had died in 1984. The show lasted for one season. USA Network belated picked up reruns of the series after CBS ‘s cancellation.

In 2004, Lions Gate Entertainment produced a computer-animated television particular, Popeye’s Voyage: The Quest for Pappy, which was made to coincide with the seventy-fifth anniversary of Popeye. Billy West performed the spokesperson of Popeye, describing the production as “ the hardest caper I ever did, ever ” and the voice of Popeye as “ like a buzzsaw on your throat ”. [ 82 ] The uncut version was released on DVD on November 9, 2004 ; and was aired in a re-edited version on Fox on December 17, 2004, and again on December 30, 2005. Its style was influenced by the 1930s Fleischer cartoons, and featured Swee’Pea, Wimpy, Bluto ( who is Popeye ‘s ally in this version ), Olive Oyl, Poopdeck Pappy, and the Sea Hag as its characters. On November 6, 2007, Lions Gate Entertainment re-released Popeye’s Voyage on DVD with redesigned breed art .

Web series [edit ]

On December 2, 2018, a Popeye web series named Popeye’s Island Adventures produced by WildBrain subordinate WildBrain Spark Studios was premiered on its official YouTube channel. With purpose on drawing in a younger, contemporary audience, the newly series has updated the Popeye characters to fit the times. For case, Popeye grows his own spinach and has replaced his shriek with a whistle. Bluto no long sports a beard and focuses his time on stealing Popeye ‘s spinach preferably than his girlfriend. olive Oyl is immediately a “ impregnable, freelancer, and resourceful woman … a shine model of feministic ideals that fans new and old will want to emulate. ” [ 83 ] [ 84 ]

theme birdcall [edit ]

I’m Popeye the Sailor Man
I’m Popeye the Sailor Man
I’m strong to the “finich”
’cause I eats me spinach
I’m Popeye the Sailor Man

Popeye ‘s theme song, titled “ I’m Popeye The Sailor Man “, composed by Sammy Lerner in 1933 for Fleischer ‘s beginning Popeye the Sailor cartoon, [ 85 ] has become constantly associated with the sailor. “ The Sailor ‘s Hornpipe “ has frequently been used as an introduction to Popeye ‘s composition song. A shroud of the theme song, performed by Face to Face, is included on the 1995 protection album Saturday Morning: Cartoons’ Greatest Hits, produced by Ralph Sall for MCA Records. A jazz translation, performed by Ted Kooshian ‘s Standard Orbit Quartet, appears on their 2009 acme Records exhaust Underdog and Other Stories. resort area sung parodies of the subject have become part of children ‘s street culture around the global, [ 86 ] [ 87 ] normally interpolating “ frying pan “ or “ garbage can “ into the lyrics as Popeye ‘s dwelling place [ 88 ] [ 89 ] and ascribing to the fictional character versatile unsavory actions or habits [ 90 ] [ 91 ] [ 92 ] [ 93 ] that transform the character into an “ Anti-Popeye ”, and changing his admonitory spinach-based diet into an inedible mire of worms, onions, flies, tortillas and snob. [ 94 ]

other media [edit ]

The success of Popeye as a comic-strip and enliven character has led to appearances in many other forms. For more than 20 years, Stephen DeStefano has been the artist drawing Popeye for King Features license. [ 95 ]

radio [edit ]

Popeye was adapted to radio in respective series broadcast over three unlike networks by two sponsors from 1935 to 1938. Popeye and most of the major supporting characters were foremost featured in a thrice-weekly 15-minute radio program, Popeye the Sailor, which starred Detmar Poppen as Popeye, along with most of the major supporting characters—Olive Oyl ( Olive Lamoy ), Wimpy ( Charles Lawrence ), Bluto ( Jackson Beck ) and Swee’Pea ( Mae Questel ). [ 96 ] In the first sequence, Popeye adopted Sonny ( Jimmy Donnelly ), a fictional character late known as Matey the Newsboy. This program was broadcast Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday nights at 7:15pm. September 10, 1935, through March 28, 1936, on the NBC Red Network ( 87 episodes ), initially sponsored by Wheatena, a wheaten breakfast cereal, which routinely replaced the spinach references. Music was provided by Victor Irwin ‘s Cartoonland Band. Announcer Kelvin Keech sing ( to composer Lerner ‘s “ Popeye ” theme ) “ Wheatena is his diet / He asks you to try it / With Popeye the bluejacket man. ” Wheatena paid King Features Syndicate $ 1,200 per week. The show was following air Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays from 7:15 to 7:30pm on WABC and ran from August 31, 1936, to February 26, 1937 ( 78 episodes ). Floyd Buckley played Popeye, and Miriam Wolfe portrayed both Olive Oyl and the Sea Hag. once again, reference to spinach was conspicuously lacking. alternatively, Popeye sing, “ Wheatena ‘s me diet / I ax ya to try it / I ‘m Popeye the Sailor man ”. [ 97 ] The third base series was sponsored by the godhead of Popsicles three nights a workweek for 15 minutes at 6:15 autopsy on CBS from May 2, 1938, through July 29, 1938. Of the three series, entirely 20 of the 204 episodes are known to be preserved .

feature films [edit ]

Popeye ( 1980 ) [edit ]

Director Robert Altman used the character in Popeye, a 1980 live-action melodious feature film, starring Robin Williams as Popeye. A co-production of Paramount Pictures and Walt Disney Productions, the movie was filmed about wholly on Malta, in the village of Mellieħa on the northwest coast of the island. The fix is now a tourist attraction called Popeye Village. The US box office earnings were double over the film ‘s budget, making it a fiscal success. however, the film received by and large negative reviews .

Upcoming animated film [edit ]

In March 2010, it was reported that Sony Pictures Animation was developing a 3D computer-animated Popeye film, with Avi Arad producing it. [ 98 ] In November 2011, Sony Pictures Animation announced that Jay Scherick and David Ronn, the writers of The Smurfs, are writing the screenplay for the film. [ 99 ] In June 2012, it was reported that Genndy Tartakovsky had been set to direct the sport, [ 100 ] which he planned to make “ as artful and unrealistic as potential. ” [ 101 ] In November 2012, Sony Pictures Animation set the release date for September 26, 2014, [ 102 ] which was, in May 2013, pushed back to 2015. [ 103 ] In March 2014, Sony Pictures Animation updated its slate, scheduling the film for 2016, and announcing Tartakovsky as the director of Hotel Transylvania 2, which he was directing concurrently with Popeye. [ 104 ] On September 18, 2014, Tartakovsky revealed an “ animation trial ” footage, about which he said, “ It ‘s just something that kind of represents what we want to do. I could n’t be more agitate by how it turned out. ” [ 105 ] In March 2015, Tartakovsky announced that despite the well-received test footage, he was nobelium retentive working on the project, and would alternatively direct Can You Imagine?, which is based on his own original idea, [ 106 ] but it besides was cancelled. [ 107 ] Nevertheless, Sony Pictures Animation stated the project still remains in active development. [ 108 ] In January 2016, it was announced that T.J. Fixman would write the film. [ 109 ] On May 11, 2020, it was announced that a Popeye movie is in development at King Features Syndicate with Genndy Tartakovsky coming rear to the plan. [ 110 ]

Video and pinball games [edit ]

Parodies [edit ]

  • Parody versions of Popeye and Bluto make an appearance in Solo Ex-Mutants #2 (Eternity Comics, 1988).
  • In EC Comics’ original Mad comic book, the satire “Poopeye” had him set up to fight other comic characters, even defeating Superman in the end.
  • Popeye made a one-second appearance on an unfinished production Bring Me the Head of Charlie Brown by the California Institute of the Arts in 1986. He was seen punching Rocky Balboa in the face.

commercialize, tie-ins, and endorsements [edit ]

From early on, Popeye was heavily merchandised. Everything from soap to razor blades to spinach was available with Popeye ‘s likeness on it. Most of these items are rare and sought by collectors, but some merchandise is distillery produced .

Games and toys
  • Mezco Toyz makes classic-style Popeye figures in two sizes.
  • KellyToys produces plush stuffed Popeye characters.
  • Mattel produced a variety of Popeye related toys in the latter half of the 1950s. In 1957, the Popeye spinach can (which contains a trigger to reveal Popeye’s head with a squeaker), and the Popeye crank guitar (which plays his theme song on a crank). Unlike most crank guitar models Mattel had made since 1956, Popeye’s crank guitar also contains his pipe which a person using it would play the guitar as well with it. A year later in October 1958, Popeye would later have its own Mattel jack-in-the-box, which also plays his same tune as the guitar. In some models, the toy either comes with or without an update feature from the company’s Popeye’s spinach can toy.
  • In 1961, King Features Syndicate (popular for its television versions of Popeye at the time) animated a short Popeye commercial featuring Popeye, Olive, and Bluto about Popeye and Bluto’s own bubble bath figurines (For the first time, Popeye and Bluto both fight for an item instead of Olive herself, and punch themselves on-time during the commercial. Both characters would later fight over a video game in Popeye’s own ColecoVision game 22 years later).
  • In 2009, Popeye, Olive, and Bluto were used as (Happy Meal) toys in Brazil’s Habib’s fast-food company restaurants.

Popeye ( including Olive and Sweet Pea ) appeared on early Dickinson Theatres gift-certificate ad trailers. Popeye is a former mascot of Dickinson Theatres, a decade before Dickinson Theatres went out of business .

  • Wimpy’s name was borrowed for the Wimpy restaurant chain, one of the first international fast food restaurants featuring hamburgers, which they call “Wimpy Burgers”.[118]
  • The popular fast-food chain Popeyes was found on June 12, 1972, and is the second-largest “quick-service chicken restaurant group” followed up by Kentucky Fried Chicken. Only some Popeye references were featured in a few commercials throughout its early years including an advert in Latin America in the mid-2000s involving Wimpy choosing either Popeye’s or Brutus’ chicken and seafood. He ended up choosing Popeye’s after seeing a scent leading to Popeye’s place while Brutus was demonstrating his type of food to Wimpy. For the first time, the Jeep, Popeye’s nephews (Pipeye, Pupeye, Peepeye, and Poopeye), Popeye’s Pappy, and the sea-hag (including her bird) appeared in a commercial. When Olive walks past Brutus’ place heading to Popeye’s, Brutus holds up a sign reading “Pedacitos De Pechuga” which means “small [chicken] breasts” in Spanish.
  • Wimpy both appeared on a Burger King Kids Club commercial and a 2004 Carl’s Jr Guacamole Bacon Chicken Sandwich commercial featuring most clips from the King Features Syndicate series (both commercials) and a couple of Fleischer (redrawn colorized) and Famous Studios clips (only on the Carls Jr. commercial, which also involves the Carl’s Jr logo referencing the Paramount spinning star with Popeye’s (Famous Studios) head and pipe animation sped-up.
Retail foods and beverages
  • Starting in 1940, Popeye became the mascot of Flamengo (Rio de Janeiro – Brazil), the most popular soccer team with almost 50 million fans around the world. The mascot of the soccer club is currently a cartoon vulture.[122]

Popeye ‘s Origin and The Popeye & Friends Character Trail [edit ]

Chester, Illinois, Segar ‘s hometown, has an abundance of proof that the bartender and laborer Frank “ Rocky ” Fiegel ( born in Chester, Illinois, January 27, 1868 ) was the real-life inspiration for the character Popeye. His parents Bartłomiej and Anna H. Fiegiel had come from the sphere of Greater Poland Voivodeship, then character of Prussia, and migrated to the United States, Illinois. He had a outstanding kuki, fibrous human body, feature pipe, and a proclivity and agile skill for fist-fighting. [ 124 ] [ 125 ] [ 126 ] Fiegel died on March 24, 1947, never having married. His gravestone has the image of Popeye engraved on it. [ 127 ] E. C. Segar regularly sent money to Fiegel ( as a thank you for the inspiration ) according to Elzie ‘s assistant, Bud Sagendorf, and the local Chester businessmen that saw the checks, and Popeye historian Michael Brooks. [ 45 ] The town of Chester erected a statue of Popeye in Segar ‘s honor in 1977 and began the Popeye & Friends Character Trail in 2006, adding new statues honoring the other thimble Theater characters each year. This Character Trail is spread throughout Chester and includes ( with unveiling dates ) :

  • Popeye (1977)[45]
  • J. Wellington Wimpy (2006)[45]
  • Olive Oyl, Swee’Pea, and Jeep (2007)[45]
  • Bluto (2008)[45]
  • Castor Oyl and Whiffle Hen (2009)[45]
  • Sea Hag and Bernard (2010)[45]
  • Cole Oyl (2011)[45]
  • Alice the Goon and her Goon-child (2012)[45]
  • Poopdeck Pappy (2013)[45]
  • Professor Wotasnozzle (2014)[45]
  • RoughHouse (2015)[45]
  • Pipeye, Pupeye, Peepeye, and Poopeye, Popeye’s four nephews (2016)[45]
  • King Blozo (2017)[45]
  • Nana Oyl (2018)[128][45]
  • Popeye’s Pups (September 2019)[45]
  • Sherlock & Segar (December 2019)[45]
  • Toar (2020)[45]
  • Harold Hamgravy (scheduled for 2021)[45]
  • Oscar (scheduled for 2022)[45]

Additional hometown residents of Chester have served as divine guidance for other Segar characters, including Dora Paskel, an uncommonly grandiloquent, angular dame who ran a general storehouse in town, who was the lineage for Popeye ‘s gal, Olive Oyl. She evening wore a hair bun conclude to her neckline. William “ Windy Bill ” Schuchert, a rather corpulent man who owned the local opera house ( and was Segar ‘s early employer ), was the seed for the character J. Wellington Wimpy. He even sent out his employees to purchase hamburgers for him between performances at a local tavern named Wiebusch ‘s, the same tavern that Fiegel frequented and where he engaged in fistfights. [ 125 ] [ 129 ] [ 45 ] speculate presented in a 2009 koran raised the idea that while living in Santa Monica, Segar might have based some of Popeye ‘s language on a local fisherman ; even though the article never made a definitive title. [ 130 ]

cultural influences [edit ]

culturally, [ 131 ] many consider Popeye a precursor to the superheroes who finally dominated US amusing books. [ 132 ] such has been Popeye ‘s cultural shock that the medical profession sometimes refers to the biceps bulge symptomatic of a tendon rupture as the “ Popeye muscle. ” [ 133 ] [ 134 ] note, however, that under normal ( uninfluenced by spinach ) conditions, Popeye has pronounced muscles of the forearm, not of the biceps. In 1973, Cary Bates created Captain Strong, a takeoff of Popeye, for DC Comics, [ 135 ] as a way of having two cultural icons – Superman and ( a proxy of ) Popeye – meet. [ 136 ] The 1981 Nintendo videogame Donkey Kong, which introduced its eponymous character and Nintendo ‘s unofficial caller mascot Mario to the worldly concern, was primitively planned to be a Popeye game. Mario ( then known as Jumpman ) was primitively supposed to be Popeye, Donkey Kong was in the first place Bluto, and the character Pauline was primitively Olive Oyl, but when Nintendo was ineffective to acquire the rights to use the actual franchise characters, it decided to create original characters rather. [ 137 ] The 1988 Walt Disney/Touchstone Pictures film Who Framed Roger Rabbit featured many authoritative cartoon characters, and the absence of Popeye was noted by some critics. Popeye ( along with Olive Oyl, Bluto, and Wimpy ) actually had a cameo function planned for the film. however, since the Popeye cartoons were based on a comedian airstrip, Disney found they had to pay license fees to both King Features Syndicate and MGM/UA. MGM/UA ‘s pre-May 1986 library ( which included Popeye ) was being purchased by Turner Entertainment at the time, which created legal complications ; frankincense, the rights could not be obtained in time and Popeye ‘s cameo was dropped from the movie. [ 138 ]

The Popeye dancing [edit ]

The Popeye was a democratic dance in the dance fad earned run average of the former 1950s and early 1960s. Originating in New Orleans around 1962, the Popeye was performed by shuffling and moving one ‘s arms, placing one arm behind and one weapon in front and alternating them, going through the motion of raising a pipe up to the talk, and alternate slither or pushing one foundation back in the manner of ice skating, similar to motions exhibited by the cartoon fictional character. According to music historian Robert Pruter, the Popeye was even more popular than the Twist in New Orleans. [ 139 ] The dance was associated with and/or referenced to in respective songs, including Eddie Bo ‘s “ Check Mr. Popeye, ” Chris Kenner ‘s “ Something You Got ” and “ Land of a Thousand Dances, ” Frankie Ford ‘s “ You Talk besides much, ” Ernie K-Doe ‘s “ Popeye Joe, ” Huey “ Piano ” Smith ‘s “ Popeye, ” and Harvey Fuqua ‘s “ Any Way You Wanta. ” A compilation of 23 Popeye dancing songs was released in 1996 under the title New Orleans Popeye Party. [ 140 ]

spinach [edit ]

Initially Popeye ‘s head superhuman characteristic was his indestructibility, preferably than superintendent persuasiveness, which was attributed to his having rubbed the head of Bernice the Whiffle Hen numerous times after being stroke. Popeye later attributed his strength to spinach. [ 141 ] [ 142 ] The popularity of Popeye helped boost spinach sales. Using Popeye as a character model for healthier eat may work ; a 2010 study revealed that children increased their vegetable pulmonary tuberculosis after watching Popeye cartoons. [ 143 ] The spinach-growing community of Crystal City, Texas, erected a statue of the character in recognition of Popeye ‘s incontrovertible effects on the spinach diligence. There is another Popeye statue in Segar ‘s hometown, Chester, Illinois, and statues in Springdale and Alma, Arkansas ( which claims to be “ The Spinach Capital of the World ” ), at canning plants of Allen Canning, which markets Popeye-branded canned spinach. In addition to Allen Canning ‘s Popeye spinach, Popeye Fresh Foods markets bagged, fresh spinach with Popeye characters on the box. In 2006, when spinach contaminated with E. coli was by chance sold to the populace, many column cartoonists lampooned the affair by featuring Popeye in their cartoons. [ 144 ] A frequently circulated story claims that Fleischer ‘s choice of spinach to give Popeye intensity was based on faulty calculations of its iron content. In the narrative, a scientist misplaced a decimal bespeak in an 1870 measurement of spinach ‘s iron content, leading to an iron value ten times higher than it should have been. [ 145 ] [ 146 ] [ 147 ] ( In fact, the error was not a slip decimal point, but a measurement error. ) [ 148 ] This defective measurement was corrected in the 1930s, but the myth of inordinately high iron content persisted. [ 145 ] [ 148 ]

Word coinages [edit ]

The strip is besides responsible for popularizing, although not inventing, the password “ lout “ ( meaning a hood or sycophant ) ; goons in Popeye ‘s universe were big humanoids with dimly drawn faces that were particularly known for being used as muscleman and slave labor by Popeye ‘s nemesis, the Sea Hag. One finical lout, the aforesaid female named Alice, was an episodic recurring character in the animated shorts, but she was normally a reasonably decent fictional character. Eugene the Jeep was introduced in the amusing strip on March 13, 1936. Two years late the term “ jeep wagons ” was in use, late shortened to simply “ jeep “ with far-flung World War II use and then trademarked by Willys-Overland as “ Jeep ”. [ 149 ]

Events and honors [edit ]

The Popeye Picnic is held every year in Chester, Illinois, on the weekend after Labor Day. Popeye fans attend from across the earth, including a visit by a film gang from South Korea in 2004. The one-eyed sailor ‘s hometown strives to entertain devotees of all ages. [ 150 ] In honor of Popeye ‘s seventy-fifth anniversary, the Empire State Building illuminated its noteworthy tower lights green the weekend of January 16–18, 2004 as a tribute to the icon ‘s beloved of spinach. This special lighting marked the only meter the Empire State Building always celebrated the anniversary/birthday of a amusing leach character. [ 151 ]

Thimble Theatre/Popeye characters [edit ]

Characters originating in comic strips by E. C. Segar [edit ]

Characters originating in amusing strips by Tom Sims and Bela Zaboly [edit ]

  • Sir Pomeroy (an explorer and later archaeologist friend of Popeye)

Characters originating in amusing strips and books by Bud Sagendorf [edit ]

  • Davy Jones
  • the Doomsday Doll
  • Dufus (the son of a family friend)
  • Georgie the Giant
  • Ghost Island’s ghost
  • Granny (Popeye’s grandmother and Poopdeck’s mother)
  • Horace (a Native American guide and friend of Popeye)
  • Liverstone (Popeye’s pet seagull)
  • Misermites (a race of thieving dwarves)
  • Salty the parrot
  • Snagg and Baby Doll (Spinachovian criminals)
  • Patcheye the Pirate (Popeye’s ancestor)

Characters originating in amusing strips by Bobby London and others [edit ]

  • Saddarn Shahame (the dictator of Bananastan; a loose parody of Saddam Hussein)[ citation needed]
  • Sutra Oyl, Olive’s sexy cousin, and her punk husband Motor Oyl[ quotation needed]
  • Otis O. Otis, “the world’s smartest detective”[154] as well as Wimpy’s cousin filmmaker Otis Von Lens Cover[155][156]

Characters originating in the cartoons [edit ]

  • Peepeye, Poopeye, Pupeye and Pipeye (Popeye’s identical nephews in the Fleischer Studio shorts)
  • Shorty (Popeye’s shipmate in three World War II-era in the Famous Studios shorts)
  • Diesel Oyl (Olive’s identical niece, a conceited brat who appears in three of the 1960s King Features shorts)
  • Popeye, Jr. (son of Popeye and Olive Oyl, exclusive of the series Popeye and Son)
  • Tank (son of Brutus, exclusive of the series Popeye and Son)

Filmography [edit ]

theatrical performance [edit ]

television [edit ]

television specials [edit ]

Live-action feature film [edit ]

DVD collections [edit ]

Theatrical Cartoons:

  • Popeye the Sailor: 1933–1938, Volume 1 (released July 31, 2007) features Fleischer cartoons released from 1933 through early 1938 and contains the color Popeye specials Popeye the Sailor Meets Sindbad the Sailor and Popeye the Sailor Meets Ali Baba’s Forty Thieves.
  • Popeye the Sailor: 1938–1940, Volume 2 (released June 17, 2008) features Fleischer cartoons released from mid-1938 through 1940 and includes the last color Popeye special Aladdin and His Wonderful Lamp.
  • Popeye the Sailor: 1941–1943, Volume 3 (released November 4, 2008) features the remaining black-and-white Popeye cartoons released from 1941 to 1943, including the final Fleischer-produced and earliest Famous-produced entries in the series.
  • Popeye the Sailor: The 1940s, Volume 1 (released December 11, 2018) features the first 14 color Popeye shorts produced by Famous Studios. The set was made available on Blu-ray and DVD, and the shorts were sourced from 4K masters scanned from the original nitrate negatives.[158]
  • Popeye the Sailor: The 1940s, Volume 2 (released June 18, 2019) features the next 15 color Popeye shorts produced by Famous Studios. The set was made available on Blu-ray and DVD, and the shorts were sourced from 4K masters scanned from the original nitrate negatives.[159]
  • Popeye the Sailor: The 1940s, Volume 3 (released September 17, 2019) features the next 17 color Popeye shorts produced by Famous Studios. The set was made available on Blu-ray and DVD, and the shorts were sourced from 4K masters scanned from the original nitrate negatives.

TV Cartoons:

  • Popeye the Sailor: The 1960s Classics, Volume 1 (released May 7, 2013)[160] A DVD-R release by Warner Archive Collection consisting mostly of made for TV cartoons produced for King Features Television by Paramount Cartoon Studios and Gerald Ray Studios.

References [edit ]

promote recitation [edit ]

  • Grandinetti, Fred M. Popeye: An Illustrated Cultural History. 2nd ed. McFarland, 2004. ISBN 0-7864-1605-X