family ( Mugilidae ) of ray-finned fish
This article is about the fish of the syndicate Mugilidae. For other fish called “ mullets ”, see loss mullet and Mullidae. For early uses, see Mullet ( disambiguation )
The mullets or grey mullets are a family ( Mugilidae ) of ray-finned fish found worldwide in coastal temperate and tropical waters, and some species in fresh body of water. [ 1 ] Mullets have served as an crucial reference of food in Mediterranean Europe since Roman times. The family includes about 78 species in 20 genus. [ 2 ]

Mullets are distinguished by the presence of two separate abaxial fins, modest triangular mouths, and the absence of a lateral wrinkle organ. They feed on debris, and most species have unusually brawny stomachs and a building complex throat to help in digestion. [ 1 ]

classification and appoint [edit ]

Thick lips of a mullet Mullets in the Mediterranean Sea taxonomically, the family is presently treated as the sole member of the orderliness Mugiliformes, but as Nelson says, “ there has been much discrepancy concerning the relationships ” of this kin. [ 3 ] The presence of fin spines clearly indicates membership in the superorder Acanthopterygii, and in the 1960s, they were classed as primitive perciforms, [ 4 ] while others have grouped them in Atheriniformes. [ 5 ] They are classified as an ordain, Mugiliformes, within the subseries Ovalentaria of the clade Percomorpha in the fifth edition of Fishes of the World. [ 6 ] In North America, “ mullet ” by itself normally refers to Mugilidae. In Europe, the son “ mullet ” is normally qualified, the “ grey mullets ” being Mugilidae and the “ red mullets ” or “ surmullets ” being Mullidae, notably members of the genus Mullus. [ 7 ] Outside Europe, the Mullidae are frequently called “ goatfish ”. [ 8 ] fish with common names including the word “ mullet ” may be a extremity of one family or the early, or flush unrelated such as the fresh water egg white chump ( Catostomus commersonii ). [ 9 ] however, late taxonomic exploit has reorganised the family and the postdate genus make up the mugilidae : [ 10 ] [ 11 ]

  • Agonostomus Bennett, 1832
  • Aldrichetta Whitley, 1945
  • Cestraeus Valenciennes, 1836
  • Chaenomugil Gill, 1863
  • Chelon Artedi, 1763
  • Crenimugil Schultz, 1946
  • Dajaus Valenciennes, 1836
  • Ellochelon Whitley, 1930
  • Gracilimugil Whitley, 1941
  • Joturus Poey, 1860
  • Minimugil Durand, Chen, Shen, Fu & Borsa, 2012
  • Mugil Linnaeus, 1758
  • Myxus Günther, 1861
  • Neomyxus Steindachner, 1878
  • Neochelon Durand, Chen, Shen, Fu & Borsa 2012
  • Oedalechilus Fowler 1903
  • Osteomugil G. Luther, 1982
  • Parachelon Durand, Chen, Shen, Fu & Borsa 2012
  • Paramugil Ghasemzadeh, Ivantsoff & Aarn 2004
  • Planiliza Whitley, 1945
  • Plicomugil Schultz, 1953
  • Pseudomyxus Durand, Chen, Shen, Fu & Borsa 2012
  • Rhinomugil Gill, 1863
  • Sicamugil Fowler, 1939
  • Squalomugil Ogilby, 1908
  • Trachystoma Ogilby, 1888

Behaviour [edit ]

A common detectable behavior in mullet is the inclination to leap out of the urine. There are two distinguishable types of leaps : a straight, clean piece out of the water to escape predators and a slower, lower jump while turning to its side that results in a larger, more distinct, splash. The reasons for this lower jump are disputed, but have been hypothesised to be in order to gain oxygen rich air for gas exchange in a little organ above the throat. [ 12 ]

Development [edit ]

The growth of mugilid larva has been well studied, with the larval development of Mugil cephalus in particular being studied intensively due to its wide range of distribution and interest to aquaculture. [ 13 ] The previously understudy osteological development of Mugil cephalus was investigated in a 2021 study, with four embryonic and six larval developmental steps being described in aquaculture-reared and wild-caught specimens. [ 13 ] These descriptions provided clarification of questionable characters of adult mullets and revealed instructive details with likely implications for phylogenetic hypotheses, adenine well as providing an delinquent basis of comparison for aquaculture-reared mullets to enable recognition of malformations. [ 13 ]

timeline [edit ]

References [edit ]

far references [edit ]