Butterfly Plecostomus ( L168 ) is one of the smaller species of pleco with a strike pattern. It has the unique ability to camouflage based on their surroundings. When placed on a light bleached substrate, they will display a bright model. When placed on a dark discolor substrate or first gear lighter environment, they will display a much dark radiation pattern. In fact, when the butterfly pleco was first gear discovered in the hazardous, they were discovered at night when they were displaying a dark blueprint. When the fish changed its color late on, the people that caught the fish were confused since it looked like a different pisces.

Common Name(s) Butterfly Pleco, Chameleon Pleco, L168
Scientific Name Dekeyseria brachyuran, Ancistrus brachyurus, Peckoltia pulcher
Origin South America
Temperature Range 77-82°F
Water Parameters pH 5.6-7
Adult Size 6 inches
Diet Primarily herbivorous

Butterfly Pleco ( L168 )

Butterfly Pleco Facts

  • The Butterfly Pleco has the ability to camouflage itself for protection by changing color. If you wish to see your Butterfly pleco display their gorgeous stripes, dark colored substrate should be avoided.
  • They are shy fish and may display more activity at nighttime. They are not the most active fish during the day, unless there is food to be eaten.
  • Butterfly plecos are generally peaceful fish. While they may attempt to guard the territory that they’ve established, they are less aggressive compared to other pleco species.

Butterfly Pleco Care

Butterfly plecos are audacious, but they do require proper care and attention. Unlike some sucker pisces, Butterly plecs can not exist on tank giantism and pine away alone. They will surely feed on alga, but their diet should be supplemented with other vegetables and fish food. They like to rasp on driftwood deoxyadenosine monophosphate well. They need clean, highly aerated water system, with a good aquarium filtration system. frequent water changes are significant as well.

Butterfly Pleco Size

Butterfly pleco will grow to a maximum size of approximately 6 inches. They are one of the smaller pleco species. other species of plecos are known to grow more than twice this size .


Butterfly plecos boom in a habit with houseclean highly activate urine. They are frequently observe grazing for food on the bottom of flying flowing waters. enough of hiding places should be provided by plants, caves, and driftwood .

Tank Size

The minimum aquarium tank size for an adult butterfly pleco is 40 gallons. Juvenile specimen under 3 inches can be grown in a 20 gallon tank car .

Tank Mates

cooler mates for Butterfly plecos should be early similar-sized passive community pisces. They should not be kept with aggressive fish that may harass them.

Butterfly pleco are not very aggressive fish. many pleco species display territorial demeanor, but butterfly plecos are known to be less aggressive towards each early .

Food and Diet

Butterfly pleco will feed on a kind of plant matter. They are primarily herbivorous, and they feed on alga, alga wafers, spirulina tablets, and other vegetable matters. Some vegetables that can be fed to Butterfly plecs admit :

  • Cucumbers
  • Zucchini
  • Blanched spinach
  • Blanched romaine lettuce

While they primarily feed on plant topic, they will accept other protein based feed angstrom well. They will besides eat live food such as bloodworms. Adding driftwood to the tank is authoritative to allow the fish to rasp on it. This will provide the necessary roughage to aid in their digestion and prevent bloat .


The expected life for Butterfly plecos is 5 years. Some will live longer than 7 years if kept in a clean environment with a estimable diet. According to the Smithsonian ’ s National Zoo, the modal life for plecostomus is 10 to 15 years. This means that Butterfly plecos has a shorter life than other early plecos .


Males and females are alike, but it is possible to distinguish them. The males will have a slenderly broader head. The males will besides have larger pectoral spines and odontodes. The females will have a slightly fuller body.

Butterfly Pleco Breeding

Butterfly plecos breed in caves or cave-like structures. This breeding demeanor can be observed in many other pleco species, and they are known as cave-spawners. big water changes of up to 50-75 % can encourage breeding behavior. The water deepen can mimic the showery season, which is when they breed in the rampantly. They prefer delicate acidic body of water adenine good. Slightly cool water can stimulate breeding behavior a well. After the male finds a suitable descry, he will get the female to lay her eggs there. Afterwards, the male will fan the eggs and protect them against predators. It will take 5-7 days for the eggs to hatch. once hatched, the electrocute will have a egg yolk pouch, which will be used up identical cursorily. They will start eating early food such as alga soon afterwards. During the initial period, the water parameters must be monitored close since the child are sensitive to water quality. LAW MIGHT BAN MANY AQUARIUM FISH IN THE U.S.

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