Species of legume

Samanea saman, [ 4 ] besides sometimes known as the rain tree, [ 4 ] is a species of flowering tree in the pea kin, Fabaceae, now in the Mimosoid clade [ 5 ] and is native to Central and South America. [ 4 ] Its stove extends from Mexico south to Peru and Brazil, but it has been wide introduced to South [ citation needed ] and Southeast Asia, a well as the Pacific Islands, including Hawaii. Common name include saman, rain tree and monkeypod ( see besides § Names below ). It is frequently placed in the genus Samanea, [ 6 ] which by even other authors is subsumed in Albizia wholly .

description [edit ]

Saman is a wide-canopied tree with a large symmetrical umbrella-shaped crown. It normally reaches a acme of 15–25 molarity ( 49–82 foot ) and a diameter of 30 meter ( 98 foot ). [ 4 ] The leaves fold in showery weather and in the even, therefore the names rain tree and five o’clock tree ( “ Pukul Lima ” in Malay ). The tree has pink flowers with blank and bolshevik stamens, set on heads with around 12–25 flowers per head. These heads may number in the thousands, covering the whole tree. [ 4 ] The seed pods of the tree hold awkward, comestible flesh. [ 7 ]

During his 1799–1804 travels in the Americas, Alexander von Humboldt encountered a colossus rain tree tree near Maracay, Venezuela. He measured the circumference of the parasol -shaped crown at 576 foot ( about 180.8 m ), [ note 1 ] its diameter was around 190 foot ( about 59.6 m ), on a proboscis at 9 foot ( about 2.8 thousand ) in diameter and reach just 60 ft ( closely 19 molarity ) in altitude. Humboldt mentioned the tree was reported to have changed short since the spanish colonization of Venezuela ; he estimated it to be arsenic previous as the celebrated Canary Islands dragon tree ( Dracaena draco ) of Icod de los Vinos on Tenerife. [ 8 ] The tree, called Samán de Güere ( transcribed Zamang del Guayre by von Humboldt ) hush stands today, and is a venezuelan national gem. Just like the dragon tree on Tenerife, the historic period of the rain tree in Venezuela is rather indeterminate. As von Humboldt ‘s report makes clear, according to local tradition, it would be older than 500 years nowadays, which is quite outstanding by the genus ‘ standards. It is certain, however, the tree is quite more than 200 years previous nowadays, but it is one exceeding individual ; even the well-learned von Humboldt could not believe it was actually the same species as the rain tree trees he knew from the greenhouses at Schönbrunn Castle. [ 9 ] A celebrated specimen called the “ Brahmaputra Rain Tree ” located at Guwahati on the banks of the Brahmaputra River in Assam, India has the thickest luggage compartment of any Saman ; approximately 12 feet ( 3.7 thousand ) diameter at breast height ( DBH ). [ 10 ] The size of the pollen is around 119 microns and it is polyad of 24 to 32 grains .
A pollen grain boastfully branches of the tree tend to break off, peculiarly during rainstorms. This can be hazardous as the tree is very normally used for avenue plantation .

Names [edit ]

Samanea saman is a well-known tree, rivaled possibly only by lebbeck and pink siris among its genus. It is well represented in many languages and has numerous local names in its native rate. [ 9 ] In English it is normally known as rain tree or rain tree. It is besides known as monkey pod, elephantine tibet, inga rain tree, [ note 2 ] cow tamarind, [ 11 ] East Indian walnut, [ note 3 ] soar, or suar. In english-speaking regions of the Caribbean, it is known as coconut tamarind in Grenada ; french tamarind in Guyana ; and samaan tree in Trinidad. [ 11 ] In Philippine English, it is bewilderingly plainly known as “ acacia ”, due to its resemblance to native Acacia species. [ 12 ] chamchuri-yak (จามจุรียักษ์). “Chamchuri” is the Thai name of the tree species, whereas “yak” is the Thai pronunciation of A giant specimen near Kanchanaburi, Thailand, known locally as ( จามจุรียักษ์ ). “ Chamchuri ” is the Thai name of the tree species, whereas “ yak ” is the Thai pronunciation of yaksha, a fabulous monster, referring in this context to the atrocious size of the tree. The original mention, rain tree – known in many languages and used for the specific epithet – derives from zamang, meaning “ Mimosoideae tree ” in some Cariban languages of northern Venezuela. [ 9 ] The lineage of the name “ rain tree ” is nameless. It has been variously attributed to the way the leaves fold during showery days ( allowing rain to fall through the corner ) ; the proportional abundance of denounce under the tree in comparison to surrounding areas ; the steady drizzle of honeydew -like discharge of cicadas feeding on the leaves ; the casual exhibitor of sugary secretions from the nectaries on the leaf petioles ; to the shed of stamens during heavy flowering. [ 12 ] In the Caribbean, it is sometimes known as marsave. It is besides known as algarrobo in Cuba ; guannegoul(e) in Haiti ; and goango or guango in Jamaica. In French-speaking islands, it is known as gouannegoul or saman. In Latin America, it is variously known as samán, cenízaro, cenicero, genízaro, carreto, carreto negro, delmonte, dormilón, guannegoul, algarrobo del país, algarrobo, campano, carabeli, couji, lara, urero, or zarza in spanish ; and chorona in Portuguese. [ 12 ] In the Pacific Islands, it is known as filinganga in the Northern Marianas ; trongkon-mames in Guam ; gumorni spanis in Yap ; kasia kula or mohemohe in Tonga ; marmar in New Guinea ; ʻohai in Hawaii ; tamalini or tamaligi in Samoa ; and vaivai ni vavalangi or sirsa in Fiji. The latter comes from vaivai “ reeking ” ( in allusion to the tree ‘s “ rain ” ) + vavalagi “ alien ”. In some parts of Vanua Levu, Fiji the parole vaivai is used to describe the lebbeck, because of the phone the seedpods make, and the password mocemoce ( sleepy, or sleeping ) is used for A. saman due to the ‘sleepiness ‘ of its leaves. In Southeast Asia, it is known as akasya or palo de China in the Philippines ; [ 12 ] ki hujan ( “ rain corner ” ), meh or trembesi in Indonesia ; pukul lima ( “ five o’clock tree ” ) or pokok hujan ( “ rain tree ” ) in Malaysia ; ampil barang ( “ western tamarind ” ) [ 13 ] in Cambodia ; ก้ามปู ( kampu ), ฉำฉา ( chamcha ), จามจุรีแดง ( chamchuri daeng ), จามจุรี ( chamchuri ) in Thai ; ကုက္ကို ( kokko ) in Myanmar ; and còng, muồng tím, or cây mưa ( “ rain tree ” ) in Vietnam.

In South Asia, it is known as shiriisha in Sanskrit ; শিরীষ ( shirish ) in Bengali ; shirish in Gujarati ; सीरस ( vilaiti siris ) in Hindi ; bagaya mara in Kannada ; ചക്കരക്കായ്‌ മരം ( chakkarakkay maram ) in Malayalam ; विलायती शिरीश in Marathi ; mara in Sinhalese ; தூங்குமூஞ்சி மரம் ( thoongu moonji maram, “ sleepy faced tree ” ) in Tamil ; and నిద్ర గన్నేరు ( nidra ganneru ) in Telugu. In Madagascar, it is besides known as bonara (mbaza), kily vazaha, madiromany, mampihe, or mampohehy. In european regions where the tree does not normally grow, its names are normally steer translations of “ rain tree ”. These include arbre à (la) pluie ( France ), árbol de lluvia ( Spain ) ; and Regenbaum ( Germany ) .

In Cambodia [edit ]

Chankiri Tree“. The sign reads “Chankiri Tree against which executioners beat children” A “ ”. The sign reads “ Chankiri Tree against which executioners beat children ” Since its introduction to Cambodia, the Samanea saman is known locally as chankiri ( ចន្ទគិរី ). It has been widely planted across the country thanks to its tall stature and expansive branches that can shade large areas, and as an cosmetic. The fruit is eaten, and in dearth times the young leaves are eaten in salads. [ 13 ] multiple chankiri can besides be found in the Killing Fields, an execution field used by the Khmer Rouge during the cambodian genocide, though the trees were planted at the field long ahead. Children and infants were smashed against trees because their parents were accused of crimes against the regimen. It was so the children “ would n’t grow up and take retaliation for their parents ‘ deaths ”. [ 14 ]

In popular polish [edit ]

During the product of the 1960 film Swiss Family Robinson, a Samanea saman tree in Tobago, said to be 60 metres ( 200 foot ) tall, was used for the construction of the syndicate ‘s celebrated tree sign of the zodiac. The dress was left intact after filming but was destroyed by Hurricane Flora in 1963. The tree itself has survived and is located approximately near Goldsborough, Tobago. The name for the tree ‘s height comes from the movement painting ship’s company and has not been independently confirmed .

Carbon sequestration [edit ]

Carbon sequestration is the get and long-run removal of carbon dioxide from the standard atmosphere. According to a inquiry conducted at the School of Forestry of the Bogor Agricultural Institute, Indonesia, a mature tree with a crown diameter measuring 15 metres ( 49 foot ) absorbed { convert|28.5|MT } } of CO2 annually. The trees have been planted in cities of Kudus and Demak and besides will be planted along the shoulder of the road from Semarang to Losari. [ 15 ]

gallery [edit ]

Notes [edit ]

  1. ^ Presuming von Humboldt used the Magdeburg foot of 1755, introduced in Prussia in 1793, which was 1.044 feet ( 0.318 megabyte ) ( 31.385 curium ) .
  2. ^ It is a quite close relative to the inga
  3. ^ It is not at all closely related to walnuts

References [edit ]