game of skill
Pen spinning is a form of object manipulation that involves the deft manipulation of a writing instrument with hands. Although it is much considered a mannequin of self-entertainment ( normally in a school or office setting ), multinational competitions and meetings are sometimes held. [ 1 ] It is sometimes classified as a imprint of contact juggle ; however, some tricks, e.g. “ spreads ” and “ forward pass tricks ” do leave touch with the body. In summation to writing instruments, it is frequently besides seen performed by drummers with their drumsticks. In fact, drumsticks are substantially easier to manipulate than pens, because of their supernumerary bulk and length. Pen spin has quickly gained international popularity through on-line video recording sharing and forums. The hobby has been democratic around the world since at least the 1970s. [ citation needed ]

history [edit ]

The earliest record of penitentiary spinning comes from a student in pre- WWII Japan. [ 2 ] Others in Japan spin pens at least ampere early on as the 1970s ; however, the tricks performed were alone basic ones, such as the ThumbAround and Sonic. [ 3 ] Hideaki Kondoh is considered the first playpen spinning pioneer in Japan and is recognized with creating the beginning pen spinning web site, [ note 1 ] released on December 1, 1997. [ 4 ] [ 6 ] Kondoh began pen spin in the 1980s, and by 1998, he compiled and could perform 24 tricks, [ 7 ] many of which he developed after learning techniques from other people. [ 8 ] In the United States, Fernando Kuo, better known by his on-line alias “ Kam, ” was inspired by Kondoh ‘s web site to advance pen spin and broaden its audience. [ 9 ] Kam, who started spinning in 1993, [ 10 ] created the web site Pentrix in January 2000 in an try to create an easily accessible database and message control panel for pen spinning data and communication. As the popularity of the web site and its forum grew and their limits became apparent, Kam closed Pentrix and redistributed its information to a sequel web site ( which would besides close ) and to a new forum titled the Universal Pen Spinning Board, opened on January 19, 2004. [ 11 ] [ 12 ] The Universal Pen Spinning Board was an English-speaking board created with the goal to be the first base forum in which write spinners from any web site or localization around the earth could communicate, and would late close during October 2018. [ 13 ] [ 14 ] PenDolSa, an unrelated korean playpen spinning board released in 2003, was the foremost large-scale write spinning forum.

The number and variations of tricks has since grown into at least the hundreds, with newer tricks such as the Shadow, Palm Spin, and Bust. Since the early 2000s, video recording host websites, such as YouTube, and a growing number of other Internet forums from respective countries have been used to share videos and to centralize the community, which has contributed to a rise in popularity of write spinning. In 2007, the World Tournament acted as the foremost global penitentiary spinning contest, and pen spinners from communities centered around the global could join .

Community [edit ]

The playpen spin community is present by and large on the Internet through forums, video recording host platforms, and old world chat services such as Discord. Forums are often centered in particular countries, such as Japan, France, Germany, and China. Forums may besides be external, as is the case with the Universal Pen Spinning Board and Reddit -based communities. [ 15 ] [ 16 ] Over time, users may migrate to a similar or promote forum, causing some forums to become passive. While forums are operated largely as separate entities, cross-communication occasionally occurs for external events. Pen tricks are besides quite park among a subset of the Yeshiva world, having become a common habit by those midst of their learn. It has besides become something of a condition symbol in said communities .

Competitions [edit ]

An example of a combination performed in a rival. Tournaments are organized on-line and live tournaments are occasionally held in China, [ 17 ] Japan, [ 18 ] and Korea. [ 19 ] The biggest competitions held are the World Tournament and World Cup, each normally held on alternating years since the first World tournament in 2007. Both are held in a single-elimination format, but the World Tournament consists of single-person participants, and the World Cup consists of teams made of multiple spinners representing their board. As in international competitions, anyone associated with a board can request to join, and spots are normally given to the pen spinners deemed most adept, often by qualifying videos or as a benefit from winning a previous competition. Judging systems for the competitions have not been wholly standardized, and bias is much salute among the judges. due to pen spinning being considered a highly immanent activity to judge, scores and comments concerning a one television can vary greatly. aside from large tournaments, belittled competitions besides occur. These alleged “ battles ” involve at least two playpen spinners submitting a television of themselves spinning, and the residential district decides who the winner of the conflict is by jointly judging and voting on who demonstrated superior spin .

Finger slots, notations, and breakdowns [edit ]

Spinners use a diverseness of systems, symbols, and abbreviations to help them express how the pen is spun .

Finger slots [edit ]

The main finger slots. For convenience, pen spinners have adopted a coarse number to represent the fingers and the spaces between them, called finger slots. The fingers are numbered consecutive from “ 1 ” for the exponent feel, to “ 4 ” for the little finger, and the letter “ T ” is used for the ovolo. Finger slots are represented by placing any two or more of these together. For model, the space between the index and middle fingers is called “ 12. ” A pen apply between the flick and closed chain finger is in slot “ T3. ” Symbols and slots can be expanded to include early parts of the hand, body, and surrounding atmosphere. The webbing at the base of the finger and index finger is called “ TF, ” for hitchhike flap, and the palm is normally notated as “ P. ” The “ * “ symbol is sometimes used to refer to the absence of a second soundbox region or object holding the pen ( for example, a pen rest on the surface of the palm is in slot P *, or, more literally, PAir ). early slot systems have been invented in order to describe complicate positions, but these are normally only used when necessary to avoid ambiguity .

Notations [edit ]

A notation system often consists of a combination of names for tricks, their commission, and the slot system in order to convey in what way a pen was spun. note systems range from courtly with high detail to informal with about no detail. More complicate ways of spinning, such as using one pen with two hands ( called “ 1p2h ” ), have amplified the ambiguity of some notation systems and have generated the need for using more descriptive and technical systems. The follow system is frequently used for its proportional simplicity and potency in describing the tricks used. [ 20 ]

  • Modifier: A modifier adds aspects not done by default to the base trick. Modifiers may not need to be added depending on what trick is performed and are often abbreviated (e.g., Fingerless to FL, which means the initial push for the trick comes from the movement of the whole hand or wrist, rather than a singular finger).[21]
  • Trick name: This is the base trick. While the trick name may not be omitted, it can be abbreviated for certain tricks (e.g., ThumbAround to TA).
  • Direction: This is the direction of rotation of the pen during a trick. If the direction is omitted, it is assumed to be the “Normal.” If the direction is “Reverse,” it can be shortened to “Rev.” Outside of notations, the direction is often omitted to refer to an entire family of tricks, and the omission does not automatically imply Normal.
  • Number of revolutions: This is the total amount of revolutions of the pen throughout the entire trick, written in decimal form. If omitted, it is assumed to be the default amount for the individual trick stated. Some tricks can only have a certain number of revolutions.
  • Starting position: This is the finger slot, or other position on the hand/body, of the pen when the trick starts. If omitted, it is assumed to be the default position for the individual trick.
  • Ending position: This is the finger slot, or other position on the hand/body, of the pen when the trick ends. If omitted, it is assumed to be the default position for the individual trick. When notating a trick, a “-” is placed between the starting and ending positions.

For example, a ThumbAround executed fingerless in the forward commission with the pen starting and ending in the thump dither slot would be in full notated as “ Fingerless ThumbAround Normal 1.0 TF-TF ” or, with some information abbreviated or omitted, “ FL TA TF-TF. ”

Breakdowns [edit ]

Breakdowns are annotations of hybrids ( a mix of a few “ interrupted ” tricks ) and jazz band ( combinations of tricks ) which are used to define how a loanblend or jazz band is performed. [ 22 ] The simplest breakdowns much only have a “ > “ between tricks to show that they are connected. Using this system, a base on balls from time slot 12 to 23 connected to another pass from slot 23 to 34 would be notated as “ Pass Normal 12-23 > Pass Normal 23-34. ” More ball breakdowns use other symbols to show different aspects of the connections between tricks, such as describing which flim-flam was interrupted. [ 23 ] No one format is used every time, and formats are frequently deviated from when certain penitentiary spinners write out breakdowns .

fundamental tricks [edit ]

In pen spin there are four main fundamental tricks spinners often learn first base. The fundamentals do not represent all fields in penitentiary spin nor are they the smallest individual penitentiary movements possible, but they are recognized as providing utilitarian foundations for basic proficiency and concepts .

ThumbAround Normal [edit ]

ThumbAround A ThumbAround is performed by pushing a pen using any finger ( normally the center feel if done in isolation ) except the finger to initiate the write to spin around the flick one time, then catching it between the thumb and a finger. Before the playpen spinning community became importantly organized, the ThumbAround Normal was known by a multitude of names, including 360 Degree Normal, Forward, Normal, and Thumb Spin ( now the name of a distinguish trick ). [ 24 ] [ 25 ]

Sonic Normal [edit ]

sonic 23-12 The primary goal of a Sonic is to transfer the penitentiary from one finger slot to another cursorily. In the Sonic Normal, a pen is held in a finger slot not involving the finger and is spun in a conic-like gesticulate behind a finger ( or fingers ) to another finger slot further up the hand, making a single revolution. [ 26 ] Hideaki Kondoh is by and large accredited with giving the Sonic its name, which he did because of the rapid rush at which the write would move compared to the ThumbAround. [ 8 ]

charge Normal [edit ]

charge 12

A charge does not involve spinning the write over any fingers or any consistency parts rather, the write is spun conically in a single finger slot. [ 27 ] When viewing the palm-side of the hand during the Charge Normal, the playpen spins clockwise in the right hand and counterclockwise in the leave hand. The charge forms the basis for all tricks that rely on conic motion, including the Sonic. This magic trick is much performed by drummers using drumsticks preferably than pens .

FingerPass Normal [edit ]

FingerPass A single Pass involves rotating a pen 0.5 times from one finger slot to another. When performing the Pass Normal on the palm-side of hand, the pen goes downward. When performing a Pass Normal on the other side of the hand, the pen goes up. A small combination of Passes involving the playpen rotating amply around the hand, starting and ending in the 12 slot, is called a FingerPass, with the FingerPass Normal being constructed out of Pass Normals. [ 28 ] This short jazz band is systematically considered the hardest fundamental to master because Passes between the small feel and the ring finger are frequently difficult to make politic. A Pass jazz band alike to a FingerPass was performed by the fictional character Boris Grishenko in the James Bond film GoldenEye, using alone three fingers rather of the usual four. [ 29 ]

advance tricks [edit ]

In accession to the four fundamentals, more tricks have been invented and used successfully in combos. All tricks other than the fundamentals are normally grouped under the term “ advanced tricks ” ( this is reasonably a misnomer due to many spinners considering many of these tricks rather bare. ) [ citation needed ] Most advance tricks are hybrids, which is a pen bowel movement that consists of at least two tricks, and one or more of the tricks is “ interrupt, ” that is, not completed in full before the next whoremaster is executed. [ 30 ] A more complex hybrid can besides involve another hybrid within itself. Over time, individual names for hybrids have become increasingly rare because, alternatively of a singular name for each raw loanblend, breakdowns explaining the interrupt tricks performed are now used. The follow are common trick groups, the first three of which are much considered low-difficulty. [ citation needed ]

Spins [edit ]

A Spin refers to the gesture of a write circularly spinning while it is in liaison with the hand or other body function. Spins done on the knuckle-side of the fingers are called “ peak Spins ”. There are many versions of the Spin, and the names normally involve the body parts the pen spins on ( for example, in the Thumb Spin, the pen spins on crown of the hitchhike ). Spins are by and large performed as a part of a larger trick, such as a Shadow, which consists of Charges and a top Spin. Wipers are a group of Spin tricks that are normally categorized individually from other Spins due to the unique manner the pen is held. In the Wiper Normal, the penitentiary, held from one of its ends pointing downward, rotates 180 degrees up in the form of an arch. Wipers are considered to be some of the simplest tricks because they consist of this one motion. Because of the unusual room the pen is held, Wipers are much used to diversify the appearance of the penitentiary motion in a jazz band. Combos in which the pen is always held from one of its ends are sometimes known as “ Wiper jazz band. ” Wipers, in conjunction with Passes, form the Infinity trick class, which is characterized by playpen motions that follow a path similar to a figure-eight or eternity symbol .

Arounds [edit ]

An Around is a trick in which the penitentiary rotates around one or more body parts and is named after the body contribution ( randomness ) the pen rotates around. For case, in a Middle Index Around, the penitentiary goes around the middle and index fingers. The ThumbAround, as a fundamental, is normally the first Around a pen spinner learns. When an Around Reverse is executed fingerless with a turn of the hand or wrist, it is known as a BackAround, or simply “ Bak. ” Baks, while technically a type of Around, is often discussed as a freestanding syndicate of tricks than early Arounds. A type of Bak Reverse executed with an up demote movement of the finger adjacent to the finger ( s ) the pen spins around is known as a Bust. Baks were invented by David Weis, an american spinner, in arrange to create a combination of tricks in which the playpen would follow a smooth continuous apparent motion without explicit finger pushes, [ 31 ] and they have since become a wide used whoremaster today .

sonic variations [edit ]

sonic variations are different ways of transferring the write from one slot to another, the independent goal of the basic Sonic. The Sonic family is unlike from other flim-flam groups in that the defining characteristic of tricks in the class is that they plainly have “ sonic ” in their names, and they may share few characteristics in park with the original Sonic trick. For case, the Twisted Sonic is made of a Charge gesture followed by a Pass, unlike the original Sonic, which is made of a exclusive blame motion combined with the pen trade between finger slots ( called a Fingerswitch ). Tricks in this category by and large use conic movements .

power tricks [edit ]

ability tricks encompass a specific type of advance tricks and short jazz band. The definition of what qualifies as a “ power trick ” varies between different write spinners, but they are normally said to be fingerless, forward pass, and/or continuous in nature, thus greatly reliant on the momentum of the pen. french spinners much define might tricks as many unmanageable tricks linked together. [ citation needed ] Many baron tricks are just continuous Fingerless Arounds or a Spin followed by a Fingerless Around. The consumption of power tricks in jazz band varies between spinners, but oftentimes ability tricks are used at the end of the jazz band as a “ finisher. ” The term “ office prankster ” is applied to a spinner who uses power tricks identical frequently and possibly creates combos composed entirely of ability tricks ( “ office jazz band ” ). Pen spinner Spinnerpeem greatly popularized the function of baron tricks in jazz band and is said to be one of the first ability trickers. [ citation needed ]

Pen modifications [edit ]

An example of mass-produced spin pens. Pen spinners much modify pens to construct a penitentiary better suited for spinning. This drill of making penitentiary modifications ( “ pen mods ” ) is called pen modding. Pen mods are normally made with different parts from separate pens. While any pen that has been modified is technically a pen mod, mods are much balanced, longer, and heavier than non-modded pens to assist with the momentum requirements of certain tricks. [ 32 ] Out of the hundreds of write mods, prevailing ones include the BICtory, Metallic Comssa, RSVP MX, Waterfall, Dr. KT, and Buster CYL. There is some meditation that using a heavier mod when beginning to learn tricks will lead to worse performance due to excessive reliance on the mod ‘s momentum, rather than developing polish finger control. In addition to modified pens, mass-produced spin pens besides exist. These pens are normally heavier than many pen mods, but ones with adjustable weights are available. Pen spinners frequently do not use these spinning pens because of the greater customization ability of their own modified pens. One recess of pen modding involves spinners who favor aesthetically pleasing designs over a mod ‘s spin functionality. To increase customization potential, such mods much use a write with a clear barrel as the base. This allows the spinner to put a print design called an cut-in into the barrel without affecting the tactile quality of the mod. Some spinners use stickers to help customize their mods, which may change the feel of the mod due to the uneven surface it creates. Common mods with more custom aesthetic options include the RSVP MX, Fir3fly G3 Mod, and Ayatori Mod. Another aspect of write modding is Grip Cuts, where the modder cuts a plan into a grip part to promote increase the aesthetic quality. however, while it might look effective, bobby pin cuts are much impractical since intricate cuts can well be messed up by Wiper tricks, which involve grasping the mod at the grapple .

See besides [edit ]

Notes [edit ]

  1. ^[4] However, no exact date is available for when the Pencil Manipulation website was published, and the Iluvitar articles were actually published on March 13, 2000.[5] There are two other pen spinning sources that are normally believed to be possibly adenine previous as or older than Kondoh ‘s web site : the Pencil Manipulation web site created by pen spinner Chris and the Iluvitar pencil spinning articles created by Patrick Szeto.However, no demand date is available for when the Pencil Manipulation web site was published, and the Iluvitar articles were actually published on March 13, 2000 .

References [edit ]