Kranok Sam Thua : the beget model of the all Kranok. Kranok pattern ( Thai : ลายกระหนก, RTGS : Lai Kranok ) is one of the most authoritative Thai theme patterns, because it appears in many Thai artworks such as Tripiṭaka cabinets, the doors of Thai temples, and coffins. According to the Royal Institute Dictionary in 1982, the definition of Kranok refers to a radiation pattern of lines. however, when it is written as Kanok, it means gold. The form basically shows the repetition of right triangles. The triangles may be the same size or different sizes. Often the pointy separate of the triangle goes right with each other in the like direction. In the Sanskrit language Kra-nok means thorns .

history [edit ]

The origin of Lai Thai convention [edit ]

The Thai convention is inspired from nature, for exercise ;

The origin of Lai Kranok radiation pattern [edit ]

There are many types of Lai Kranok. The prototype of Lai Kranok is from the character of flame. Kranok Sam-Tua is the theme of other Kranok. In the past the ancient overcome order another name which Kra-nok means birds and woods ( Dong Nok Dong Mai ) which they were created from the nature, can be spelled “ Kor-Nok ” but pervert “ O ” vowel. late on the next generation called “ Kra-Nok ”

hypothesis [edit ]

To study Thai art should drill by following the chapter or the procedure which was created by the ancient masters by starting from the group of Kranok blueprint because Kranok or other blueprint such as building, utensils, painting of characters in literary ; monk, putter, princess, giant. etc. to draw the eyebrow, mouth, ear, beard and any ornaments. From the origin of Thai pattern the hallowed lotus is the original of Kranok Sam-Tua, so before drawing we should know the components of Kranok which is identical crucial e.g. drawing the notch and the vertex of Kranok .

The notch [edit ]

The pass or bezel which called by the ancient master. The notch is dividing the distance of line around Kranok equally. To draw the notch has 2 ways ;

  • The notch in

The notch in has a character alike to the petal of the lotus bud. The petal line is bended into the flower. To bring the lotus petal to draw as the notch have to individually draw the end of the notch to far from each early. The distance of the depth is about a half of the notch .

  • The notch out

The notch out has character alike to the petal of the lotus flower. The petal line is bended from the flower. To bring the lotus petal to draw as the notch have to individually draw the end of the notch to far from each other. The distance of the depth is about a half of the pass. The notch out is same with the notch in, but inverse side .

The vertex of Kranok [edit ]

The vertex of Kranok is the most important. If Kranok body has the perfective proportion but the vertex is excessively solid the Kranok will out of the beauty. The exemplar and inspiration of Kranok pattern is the flame. To draw the apex have to draw flap and bland like a fire or a chase of eel .

Purpose [edit ]

The purpose of Thai form is to be used in religious institutions and the monarchy. The convention are brought to decorate the buildings and utensil e.g. church service, pavilion, palace, clothes, and ornaments. Including to the Thai acting such as making up the character and to decorate the scenes .

Types [edit ]

The Kranok design can be divided into many types, which include

  • Kranok Sam Thua (กระหนกสามตัว)
  • Kranok Plaew (กระหนกเปลว)
  • Kranok Bai Tet (กระหนกใบเทศ)
  • Kranok Pak Kud (กระหนกผักกูด)
  • Kranok Kor (กระหนกกอ)
  • Kranok Hang-Hong (กระหนกหางหงส์)
  • etc.

Kranok Sam Thua is the mother traffic pattern of the all Kranok patterns as it the original design. [ 1 ] Although different patterns exist, slight variations on design can be observed. generally, the shape of the Kranok design originated from a lotus flower and derived from the appearance of the flare .

Designs [edit ]

To make the Kranok line front firm and lively, many artists draw the Yhuk ( หยัก ) shape. It looks like a small triangle with a bend. Yhuk ( หยัก ) is located on the side of the triangulum. The spaces between each Yuk ( หยัก ) must be even. The top part of the triangle in the Kranok pattern is called Yaud Kranok ( ยอดกระหนก ). [ 2 ] One of the most celebrated Kranok artwork in Thailand is the Tripitaka cabinet ( Thai : ตู้พระไตรปิฎก ), which can be found in most of Buddhist temples in Thailand .
Kinnaree : a young woman wearing an angel-like costume.

Kranok Pattern in Artworks [edit ]

The Tripitaka cabinet with Kranok practice. The Kranok blueprint can be used in many Thai designs. It is shown in cosmopolitan Thai artworks depending on the resource of the artist. For example, in Thai paint and Thai carve, the finespun designs and gorgeous details are shown .

References [edit ]

[ 3 ] [ 4 ]

  1. ^Leksukhum., Santi. Kranok nai dindǣn Thai. Samnakphim Matichon. ISBN 9747120305. OCLC 36143543.

  2. ^(Thailand), ʻOngkān Khā khō̜ng Khurusaphā. Samut tamrā lāi Thai. ʻOngkān Khā khō̜ng Khurusaphā. ISBN 9740038441. OCLC 21518899.
  3. ^ ( 2010, February 20 ). Retrieved from gotoknow : hypertext transfer protocol : //www.gotoknow.org/posts/338616
  4. ^ Chobchit, S. ( n.d. ). ลายไทย. Retrieved from google : hypertext transfer protocol : //sites.google.com/site/thailandsart/2

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